Scholarly Works, Physics

Permanent URI for this collection

Research articles, presentations, and other scholarship


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 20 of 1020
  • Generation of genuine all-way entanglement in defect-nuclear spin systems through dynamical decoupling sequences
    Takou, Evangelia; Barnes, Edwin Fleming; Economou, Sophia E. (2024-03-28)
    Multipartite entangled states are an essential resource for sensing, quantum error correction, and cryptography. Color centers in solids are one of the leading platforms for quantum networking due to the availability of a nuclear spin memory that can be entangled with the optically active electronic spin through dynamical decoupling sequences. Creating electron-nuclear entangled states in these systems is a difficult task as the always-on hyperfine interactions prohibit complete isolation of the target dynamics from the unwanted spin bath. While this emergent cross-talk can be alleviated by prolonging the entanglement generation, the gate durations quickly exceed coherence times. Here we show how to prepare high-quality GHZM- like states with minimal cross-talk. We introduce the M-tangling power of an evolution operator, which allows us to verify genuine all-way correlations. Using experimentally measured hyperfine parameters of an NV center spin in diamond coupled to carbon-13 lattice spins, we show how to use sequential or single-shot entangling operations to prepare GHZM-like states of up to M = 10 qubits within time constraints that saturate bounds on M-way correlations. We study the entanglement of mixed electron-nuclear states and develop a non-unitary M-tangling power which additionally captures correlations arising from all unwanted nuclear spins. We further derive a non-unitary M-tangling power which incorporates the impact of electronic dephasing errors on the M-way correlations. Finally, we inspect the performance of our protocols in the presence of experimentally reported pulse errors, finding that XY decoupling sequences can lead to high-fidelity GHZ state preparation.
  • Deterministic Generation of Qudit Photonic Graph States from Quantum Emitters
    Raissi, Zahra; Barnes, Edwin Fleming; Economou, Sophia E. (American Physical Society, 2024-05-29)
    We propose and analyze deterministic protocols to generate qudit photonic graph states from quantum emitters. We show that our approach can be applied to generate any qudit graph state and we exemplify it by constructing protocols to generate one- and two-dimensional qudit cluster states, absolutely maximally entangled states, and logical states of quantum error-correcting codes. Some of these protocols make use of time-delayed feedback, while others do not. The only additional resource requirement compared to the qubit case is the ability to control multilevel emitters. These results significantly broaden the range of multiphoton entangled states that can be produced deterministically from quantum emitters.
  • Notes on gauging noninvertible symmetries. Part I. Multiplicity-free cases
    Perez-Lona, Alonso; Robbins, D.; Sharpe, E.; Vandermeulen, T.; Yu, X. (2024-02-21)
    In this paper we discuss gauging noninvertible zero-form symmetries in two dimensions. We specialize to certain gaugeable cases, specifically, fusion categories of the form for a suitable Hopf algebra (which includes the special case Rep(G) for G a finite group). We also specialize to the case that the fusion category is multiplicity-free. We discuss how to construct a modular-invariant partition function from a choice of Frobenius algebra structure on . We discuss how ordinary G orbifolds for finite groups G are a special case of the construction, corresponding to the fusion category Vec(G) = Rep(ℂ[G]*). For the cases Rep(S3), Rep(D4), and Rep(Q8), we construct the crossing kernels for general intertwiner maps. We explicitly compute partition functions in the examples of Rep(S3), Rep(D4), Rep(Q8), and , and discuss applications in c = 1 CFTs. We also discuss decomposition in the special case that the entire noninvertible symmetry group acts trivially.
  • Dopamine and serotonin in human substantia nigra track social context and value signals during economic exchange
    Batten, Seth R.; Bang, Dan; Kopell, Brian H.; Davis, Arianna N.; Heflin, Matthew; Fu, Qixiu; Perl, Ofer; Ziafa, Kimia; Hashemi, Alice; Saez, Ignacio; Barbosa, Leonardo S.; Twomey, Thomas; Lohrenz, Terry; White, Jason P.; Dayan, Peter; Charney, Alexander W.; Figee, Martijn; Mayberg, Helen S.; Kishida, Kenneth T.; Gu, Xiaosi; Montague, P. Read (Nature Research, 2024-02-26)
    Dopamine and serotonin are hypothesized to guide social behaviours. In humans, however, we have not yet been able to study neuromodulator dynamics as social interaction unfolds. Here, we obtained subsecond estimates of dopamine and serotonin from human substantia nigra pars reticulata during the ultimatum game. Participants, who were patients with Parkinson’s disease undergoing awake brain surgery, had to accept or reject monetary offers of varying fairness from human and computer players. They rejected more offers in the human than the computer condition, an effect of social context associated with higher overall levels of dopamine but not serotonin. Regardless of the social context, relative changes in dopamine tracked trial-by-trial changes in offer value—akin to reward prediction errors—whereas serotonin tracked the current offer value. These results show that dopamine and serotonin fluctuations in one of the basal ganglia’s main output structures reflect distinct social context and value signals.
  • Molecular modeling of Poly(methyl methacrylate-block-acrylonitrile) as Precursors of Porous Carbon Fibers
    Hao, Xi; Serrano, Joel; Liu, Guoliang; Cheng, Shengfeng (2023-04-22)
  • Inducing stratification of colloidal mixtures with a mixed binary solvent
    Liu, Binghan; Grest, Gary S.; Cheng, Shengfeng (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2023-12-06)
    Molecular dynamics simulations are used to demonstrate that a binary solvent can be used to stratify colloidal mixtures when the suspension is rapidly dried. The solvent consists of two components, one more volatile than the other. When evaporated at high rates, the more volatile component becomes depleted near the evaporation front and develops a negative concentration gradient from the bulk of the mixture to the liquid-vapor interface while the less volatile solvent is enriched in the same region and exhibit a positive concentration gradient. Such gradients can be used to drive a binary mixture of colloidal particles to stratify if one is preferentially attracted to the more volatile solvent and the other to the less volatile solvent. During solvent evaporation, the fraction of colloidal particles preferentially attracted to the less volatile solvent is enhanced at the evaporation front, whereas the colloidal particles having stronger attractions with the more volatile solvent are driven away from the interfacial region. As a result, the colloidal particles show a stratified distribution after drying, even if the two colloids have the same size.
  • Chain conformations and phase separation in polymer solutions with varying solvent quality
    Huang, Yisheng; Cheng, Shengfeng (Wiley, 2021-10-02)
    Molecular dynamics simulations are used to investigate the conformations of a single polymer chain, represented by the Kremer-Grest bead-spring model, in a solution with a Lennard-Jones liquid as the solvent when the interaction strength between the polymer and solvent is varied. Results show that when the polymer-solvent interaction is unfavorable, the chain collapses as one would expect in a poor solvent. For more attractive polymer-solvent interactions, the solvent quality improves and the chain is increasingly solvated and exhibits ideal and then swollen conformations. However, as the polymer-solvent interaction strength is increased further to be more than about twice the strength of the polymer-polymer and solvent-solvent interactions, the chain exhibits an unexpected collapsing behavior. Correspondingly, for strong polymer-solvent attractions, phase separation is observed in the solutions of multiple chains. These results indicate that the solvent becomes effectively poor again at very attractive polymer-solvent interactions. Nonetheless, the mechanism of chain collapsing and phase separation in this limit differs from the case with a poor solvent rendered by unfavorable polymer-solvent interactions. In the latter, the solvent is excluded from the domain of the collapsed chains while in the former, the solvent is still present in the pervaded volume of a collapsed chain or in the polymer-rich domain that phase separates from the pure solvent. In the limit of strong polymer-solvent attractions, the solvent behaves as a glue to stick monomers together, causing a single chain to collapse and multiple chains to aggregate and phase separate.
  • The effects of molecular and nanoscopic additives on phospholipid membranes
    Kumarage, Teshani; Morris, Nicholas B.; Ashkar, Rana (Frontiers, 2023-11-20)
    Lipid bilayers—the main matrix of cell membranes—are a paradigm of soft molecular assemblies whose properties have been evolutionarily optimized to satisfy the functional requirements of cells. For instance, lipid bilayers must be rigid enough to serve as the protective barrier between cells and their environment, yet fluid enough to enable the diffusion of proteins and molecular clusters necessary for biological functions. Inspired by their biological multifunctionality, lipid membranes have also been used as a central design element in many practical applications including artificial cells, drug nanocarriers, and biosensors. Whether biological or synthetic, lipid membranes often involve molecular or nanoscopic additives that modulate the membrane properties through various mechanisms. Hence, how lipid membranes respond to additives has justifiably drawn much attention in recent years. This review summarizes findings and observations on different classes of additives and their effects on structural, thermodynamic, elastic, and dynamical membrane properties that are central to biological function or synthetic membrane performance. The review primarily focuses on phospholipids as a major component of cell membranes and a widely used lipid type in synthetic membrane designs.
  • Quantum K theory of partial flag manifolds
    Mihalcea, Constantin; Sharpe, Eric; Gu, Wei; Zhang, Hao; Xu, Weihong; Zou, Hao (Elsevier, 2024-04)
    In this paper we use three-dimensional gauged linear sigma models to make physical predictions for Whitney-type presentations of equivariant quantum K theory rings of partial flag manifolds, as quantum products of universal subbundles and various ratios, extending previous work for Grassmannians. Physically, these arise as OPEs of Wilson lines for certain Chern-Simons levels. We also include a simplified method for computing Chern-Simons levels pertinent to standard quantum K theory.
  • Quantum K Whitney relations for partial flag varieties
    Gu, Wei; Mihalcea, Leonardo C.; Sharpe, Eric; Xu, Weihong; Zhang, Hao; Zou, Hao (2023-10-05)
    In a recent paper, we stated conjectural presentations for the equivariant quantum K ring of partial flag varieties, motivated by physics considerations. In this companion paper, we analyze these presentations mathematically. We prove that if the conjectured relations hold, then they must form a complete set of relations. Our main result is a proof of the conjectured presentation in the case of the incidence varieties. We also show that if a quantum K divisor axiom holds (as conjectured by Buch and Mihalcea), then the conjectured presentation also holds for the complete flag variety.
  • Quantum cohomology from mixed Higgs-Coulomb phases
    Gu, Wei; Melnikov, Ilarion V.; Sharpe, Eric (2024-02-01)
    We generalize Coulomb-branch-based gauged linear sigma model (GLSM)–computations of quantum cohomology rings of Fano spaces. Typically such computations have focused on GLSMs without superpotential, for which the low energy limit of the GLSM is a pure Coulomb branch, and quantum cohomology is determined by the critical locus of a twisted one-loop effective superpotential. We extend these results to cases for which the low energy limit of the GLSM includes both Coulomb and Higgs branches, where the latter is a Landau-Ginzburg orbifold. We describe the state spaces and products of corresponding operators in detail, comparing a geometric phase description, where the operator product ring is quantum cohomology, to the description in terms of Coulomb and Higgs branch states. As a concrete test of our methods, we compare to existing mathematics results for quantum cohomology rings of hypersurfaces in projective spaces.
  • Neutrino Flavor Model Building and the Origins of Flavor and CP Violation
    Almumin, Yahya; Chen, Mu-Chun; Cheng, Murong; Knapp-Pérez, Víctor; Li, Yulun; Mondol, Adreja; Ramos-Sánchez, Saúl; Ratz, Michael; Shukla, Shreya (MDPI, 2023-12-12)
    The neutrino sector offers one of the most sensitive probes of new physics beyond the Standard Model of Particle Physics (SM). The mechanism of neutrino mass generation is still unknown. The observed suppression of neutrino masses hints at a large scale, conceivably of the order of the scale of a rand unified theory (GUT), which is a unique feature of neutrinos that is not shared by the charged fermions. The origin of neutrino masses and mixing is part of the outstanding puzzle of fermion masses and mixings, which is not explained ab initio in the SM. Flavor model building for both quark and lepton sectors is important in order to gain a better understanding of the origin of the structure of mass hierarchy and flavor mixing, which constitute the dominant fraction of the SM parameters. Recent activities in neutrino flavor model building based on non-Abelian discrete flavor symmetries and modular flavor symmetries have been shown to be a promising direction to explore. The emerging models provide a framework that has a significantly reduced number of undetermined parameters in the flavor sector. In addition, such a framework affords a novel origin of CP violation from group theory due to the intimate connection between physical CP transformation and group theoretical properties of non-Abelian discrete groups. Model building based on non-Abelian discrete flavor symmetries and their modular variants enables the particle physics community to interpret the current and anticipated upcoming data from neutrino experiments. Non-Abelian discrete flavor symmetries and their modular variants can result from compactification of a higher-dimensional theory. Pursuit of flavor model building based on such frameworks thus also provides the connection to possible UV completions: in particular, to string theory. We emphasize the importance of constructing models in which the uncertainties of theoretical predictions are smaller than, or at most compatible with, the error bars of measurements in neutrino experiments. While there exist proof-of-principle versions of bottom-up models in which the theoretical uncertainties are under control, it is remarkable that the key ingredients of such constructions were discovered first in top-down model building. We outline how a successful unification of bottom-up and top-down ideas and techniques may guide us towards a new era of precision flavor model building in which future experimental results can give us crucial insights into the UV completion of the SM.
  • Room-Temperature Intrinsic and Extrinsic Damping in Polycrystalline Fe Thin Films
    Wu, Shuang; Smith, David A.; Nakarmi, Prabandha; Rai, Anish; Clavel, Michael; Hudait, Mantu K.; Zhao, Jing; Michel, F. Marc; Mewes, Claudia; Mewes, Tim; Emori, Satoru (2021-09-08)
    We examine room-temperature magnetic relaxation in polycrystalline Fe films. Out-of-plane ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) measurements reveal Gilbert damping parameters of $\approx$ 0.0024 for Fe films with thicknesses of 4-25 nm, regardless of their microstructural properties. The remarkable invariance with film microstructure strongly suggests that intrinsic Gilbert damping in polycrystalline metals at room temperature is a local property of nanoscale crystal grains, with limited impact from grain boundaries and film roughness. By contrast, the in-plane FMR linewidths of the Fe films exhibit distinct nonlinear frequency dependences, indicating the presence of strong extrinsic damping. To fit our in-plane FMR data, we have used a grain-to-grain two-magnon scattering model with two types of correlation functions aimed at describing the spatial distribution of inhomogeneities in the film. However, neither of the two correlation functions is able to reproduce the experimental data quantitatively with physically reasonable parameters. Our findings advance the fundamental understanding of intrinsic Gilbert damping in structurally disordered films, while demonstrating the need for a deeper examination of how microstructural disorder governs extrinsic damping.
  • Twisted Fibrations in M/F-theory
    Anderson, Lara B.; Gray, James; Oehlmann, Paul-Konstantin (2024-01-04)
    In this work we investigate 5-dimensional theories obtained from M-theory on genus one fibered threefolds which exhibit twisted algebras in their fibers. We provide a base-independent algebraic description of the threefolds and compute light 5D BPS states charged under finite sub-algebras of the twisted algebras. We further construct the Jacobian fibrations that are associated to 6-dimensional F-theory lifts, where the twisted algebra is absent. These 6/5-dimensional theories are compared via twisted circle reductions of F-theory to M-theory. In the 5-dimensional theories we discuss several geometric transitions that connect twisted with untwisted fibrations. We present detailed discussions of 𝔢(2)6,𝔰𝔬(3)8 and 𝔰𝔲(2)3 twisted fibers and provide several explicit example threefolds via toric constructions. Finally, limits are considered in which gravity is decoupled, including Little String Theories for which we match 2-group symmetries across twisted T-dual theories.
  • Constraints on directionality effect of nuclear recoils in a liquid argon time projection chamber
    The direct search for dark matter in the form of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMP) is performed by detecting nuclear recoils produced in a target material from the WIMP elastic scattering. The experimental identification of the direction of the WIMP-induced nuclear recoils is a crucial asset in this field, as it enables unmistakable modulation signatures for dark matter. The Recoil Directionality (ReD) experiment was designed to probe for such directional sensitivity in argon dual-phase time projection chambers (TPC), that are widely considered for current and future direct dark matter searches. The TPC of ReD was irradiated with neutrons at the INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud. Data were taken with nuclear recoils of known directions and kinetic energy of 72 keV, which is within the range of interest for WIMP-induced signals in argon. The direction-dependent liquid argon charge recombination model by Cataudella et al. was adopted and a likelihood statistical analysis was performed, which gave no indications of significant dependence of the detector response to the recoil direction. The aspect ratio R of the initial ionization cloud is R < 1.072 with 90% confidence level.
  • Measurement of Electron-Neutrino Charged-Current Cross Sections on I 127 with the COHERENT NaIν E Detector
    An, P.; Awe, C.; Barbeau, P. S.; Becker, B.; Belov, V.; Bernardi, I.; Bock, C.; Bolozdynya, A.; Bouabid, R.; Brown, A.; Browning, J.; Cabrera-Palmer, B.; Cervantes, M.; Conley, E.; Daughhetee, J.; Detwiler, J.; Ding, K.; Durand, M. R.; Efremenko, Y.; Elliott, S. R.; Fabris, L.; Febbraro, M.; Gallo Rosso, A.; Galindo-Uribarri, A.; Germer, A. C.; Green, M. P.; Hakenmüller, J.; Heath, M. R.; Hedges, S.; Hughes, M.; Johnson, B. A.; Johnson, T.; Khromov, A.; Konovalov, A.; Kozlova, E.; Kumpan, A.; Kyzylova, O.; Li, L.; Link, Jonathan M.; Liu, J.; Mahoney, M.; Major, A.; Mann, K.; Markoff, D. M.; Mastroberti, J.; Mattingly, J.; Mueller, P. E.; Newby, J.; Parno, D. S.; Penttila, S. I.; Pershey, D.; Prior, C. G.; Rapp, R.; Ray, H.; Raybern, J.; Razuvaeva, O.; Reyna, D.; Rich, G. C.; Ross, J.; Rudik, D.; Runge, J.; Salvat, D. J.; Sander, J.; Scholberg, K.; Shakirov, A.; Simakov, G.; Sinev, G.; Skuse, C.; Snow, W. M.; Sosnovtsev, V.; Subedi, T.; Suh, B.; Tayloe, R.; Tellez-Giron-Flores, K.; Tsai, Y. T.; Ujah, E.; Vanderwerp, J.; Van Nieuwenhuizen, E. E.; Varner, R. L.; Virtue, C. J.; Visser, G.; Walkup, K.; Ward, E. M.; Wongjirad, T.; Yoo, J.; Yu, C. H.; Zawada, A.; Zettlemoyer, J.; Zderic, A. (American Physical Society, 2023-11-29)
    Using an 185-kg NaI[Tl] array, COHERENT has measured the inclusive electron-neutrino charged-current cross section on I127 with pion decay-at-rest neutrinos produced by the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Iodine is one the heaviest targets for which low-energy (≤50 MeV) inelastic neutrino-nucleus processes have been measured, and this is the first measurement of its inclusive cross section. After a five-year detector exposure, COHERENT reports a flux-averaged cross section for electron neutrinos of 9.2-1.8+2.1×10-40 cm2. This corresponds to a value that is ∼41% lower than predicted using the MARLEY event generator with a measured Gamow-Teller strength distribution. In addition, the observed visible spectrum from charged-current scattering on I127 has been measured between 10 and 55 MeV, and the exclusive zero-neutron and one-or-more-neutron emission cross sections are measured to be 5.2-3.1+3.4×10-40 and 2.2-0.5+0.4×10-40 cm2, respectively.
  • Measurement of natPb(νe,Xn) production with a stopped-pion neutrino source
    An, P.; Awe, C.; Barbeau, P. S.; Becker, B.; Belling, S. W.; Belov, V.; Bernardi, I.; Bock, C.; Bolozdynya, A.; Bouabid, R.; Brown, A.; Browning, J.; Cabrera-Palmer, B.; Cervantes, M.; Conley, E.; Daughhetee, J.; Detwiler, J.; Ding, K.; Durand, M. R.; Efremenko, Y.; Elliott, S. R.; Fabris, L.; Febbraro, M.; Rosso, A. Gallo; Galindo-Uribarri, A.; Green, M. P.; Hakenmueller, J.; Heath, M. R.; Hedges, S.; Hughes, M.; Johnson, B. A.; Johnson, T.; Khromov, A.; Konovalov, A.; Kozlova, E.; Kumpan, A.; Kyzylova, O.; Li, L.; Link, Jonathan M.; Liu, J.; Major, A.; Mann, K.; Markoff, D. M.; Mastroberti, J.; Mattingly, J.; Miller, K.; Mueller, P. E.; Newby, J.; Parno, D. S.; Penttila, S. I.; Pershey, D.; Prior, C. G.; Rapp, R.; Ray, H.; Raybern, J.; Razuvaeva, O.; Reyna, D.; Rich, G. C.; Ross, J.; Rudik, D.; Runge, J.; Salvat, D. J.; Salyapongse, A. M.; Sander, J.; Scholberg, K.; Shakirov, A.; Simakov, G.; Sinev, G.; Snow, W. M.; Sosnovtsev, V.; Subedi, T.; Suh, B.; Tayloe, R.; Tellez-Giron-Flores, K.; Ujah, E.; Vanderwerp, J.; Nieuwenhuizen, EE van E. V.; Varner, R. L.; Virtue, C. J.; Visser, G.; Walkup, K.; Ward, E. M.; Wongjirad, T.; Yoo, J.; Yu, C. -H.; Zettlemoyer, J. (American Physical Society, 2023-10-03)
    Using neutrinos produced at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the COHERENT collaboration has studied the Pb(νe,Xn) process with a lead neutrino-induced-neutron (NIN) detector. Data from this detector are fit jointly with previously collected COHERENT data on this process. A combined analysis of the two datasets yields a cross section that is 0.29-0.16+0.17 times that predicted by the MARLEY event generator using experimentally-measured Gamow-Teller strength distributions, consistent with no NIN events at 1.8σ. This is the first inelastic neutrino-nucleus process COHERENT has studied, among several planned exploiting the high flux of low-energy neutrinos produced at the SNS.
  • Improved Measurement of the Evolution of the Reactor Antineutrino Flux and Spectrum at Daya Bay
    An, F. P.; Bai, W. D.; Balantekin, A. B.; Bishai, M.; Blyth, S.; Cao, G. F.; Cao, J.; Chang, J. F.; Chang, Y.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. Y.; Chen, S. M.; Chen, Y.; Chen, Y. X.; Cheng, J.; Cheng, J.; Cheng, Y. -C.; Cheng, Z. K.; Cherwinka, J. J.; Chu, M. C.; Cummings, J. P.; Dalager, O.; Deng, F. S.; Ding, Y. Y.; Diwan, M. V.; Dohnal, T.; Dolzhikov, D.; Dove, J.; Dugas, K. V.; Duyang, H. Y.; Dwyer, D. A.; Gallo, J. P.; Gonchar, M.; Gong, G. H.; Gong, H.; Gu, W. Q.; Guo, J. Y.; Guo, L.; Guo, X. H.; Guo, Y. H.; Guo, Z.; Hackenburg, R. W.; Han, Y.; Hans, S.; He, M.; Heeger, K. M.; Heng, Y. K.; Hor, Y. K.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Hu, B. Z.; Hu, J. R.; Hu, T.; Hu, Z. J.; Huang, H. X.; Huang, J. H.; Huang, X. T.; Huang, Y. B.; Huber, P.; Jaffe, D. E.; Jen, K. L.; Ji, X. L.; Ji, X. P.; Johnson, R. A.; Jones, D.; Kang, L.; Kettell, S. H.; Kohn, S.; Kramer, M.; Langford, T. J.; Lee, J.; Lee, J. H. C.; Lei, R. T.; Leitner, R.; Leung, J. K. C.; Li, F.; Li, H. L.; Li, J. J.; Li, Q. J.; Li, R. H.; Li, S.; Li, S. C.; Li, W. D.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, Y. F.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Lin, C. J.; Lin, G. L.; Lin, S.; Ling, J. J.; Link, Jonathan M.; Littenberg, L.; Littlejohn, B. R.; Liu, J. C.; Liu, J. L.; Liu, J. X.; Lu, C.; Lu, H. Q.; Luk, K. B.; Ma, B. Z.; Ma, X. B.; Ma, X. Y.; Ma, Y. Q.; Mandujano, R. C.; Marshall, C.; McDonald, K. T.; McKeown, R. D.; Meng, Y.; Napolitano, J.; Naumov, D.; Naumova, E.; Nguyen, T. M. T.; Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P.; Olshevskiy, A.; Park, J.; Patton, S.; Peng, J. C.; Pun, C. S. J.; Qi, F. Z.; Qi, M.; Qian, X.; Raper, N.; Ren, J.; Reveco, C. Morales; Rosero, R.; Roskovec, B.; Ruan, X. C.; Russell, B.; Steiner, H.; Sun, J. L.; Tmej, T.; Treskov, K.; Tse, W. -H.; Tull, C. E.; Tung, Y. C.; Viren, B.; Vorobel, V.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, J.; Wang, M.; Wang, N. Y.; Wang, R. G.; Wang, W.; Wang, X.; Wang, Y.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. M.; Wei, H. Y.; Wei, L. H.; Wen, L. J.; Whisnant, K.; White, C. G.; Wong, H. L. H.; Worcester, E.; Wu, D. R.; Wu, Q.; Wu, W. J.; Xia, D. M.; Xie, Z. Q.; Xing, Z. Z.; Xu, H. K.; Xu, J. L.; Xu, T.; Xue, T.; Yang, C. G.; Yang, L.; Yang, Y. Z.; Yao, H. F.; Ye, M.; Yeh, M.; Young, B. L.; Yu, H. Z.; Yu, Z. Y.; Yue, B. B.; Zavadskyi, V.; Zeng, S.; Zeng, Y.; Zhan, L.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, F. Y.; Zhang, H. H.; Zhang, J. L.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, Q. M.; Zhang, S. Q.; Zhang, X. T.; Zhang, Y. M.; Zhang, Y. X.; Zhang, Y. Y.; Zhang, Z. J.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhao, J.; Zhao, R. Z.; Zhou, L.; Zhuang, H. L.; Zou, J. H. (American Physical Society, 2023-05-22)
    Reactor neutrino experiments play a crucial role in advancing our knowledge of neutrinos. In this Letter, the evolution of the flux and spectrum as a function of the reactor isotopic content is reported in terms of the inverse-beta-decay yield at Daya Bay with 1958 days of data and improved systematic uncertainties. These measurements are compared with two signature model predictions: the Huber-Mueller model based on the conversion method and the SM2018 model based on the summation method. The measured average flux and spectrum, as well as the flux evolution with the Pu239 isotopic fraction, are inconsistent with the predictions of the Huber-Mueller model. In contrast, the SM2018 model is shown to agree with the average flux and its evolution but fails to describe the energy spectrum. Altering the predicted inverse-beta-decay spectrum from Pu239 fission does not improve the agreement with the measurement for either model. The models can be brought into better agreement with the measurements if either the predicted spectrum due to U235 fission is changed or the predicted U235, U238, Pu239, and Pu241 spectra are changed in equal measure.