VTechWorks

VTechWorks provides global access to Virginia Tech scholarship, including journal articles, books, theses, dissertations, conference papers, slide presentations, technical reports, working papers, administrative documents, videos, images, and more by faculty, students, and staff. Faculty can deposit items to VTechWorks from Elements, including journal articles covered by the University open access policy. Email vtechworks@vt.edu for help.


 
Open Access Policy

Open Access Policy

Virginia Tech's open access policy enables researchers to deposit the accepted version of scholarly articles with no embargo.


Theses and Dissertations

Theses and Dissertations

Virginia Tech was first in the world to require ETDs in 1997, and continues to add scans of older theses and dissertations.


Open Textbooks

Open Textbooks

More than 40 freely available and openly licensed textbooks are among our most downloaded items.


Recent Submissions

Sensing Interfacial Non-Faradaic and Faradaic Processes via Plasmonic-Enhanced Metallic Luminescence in Nano-Optoelectrodes
Zhao, Yuming (Virginia Tech, 2024-01-03)
Metallic nanostructures supporting surface plasmon modes can concentrate optical fields, and enhance luminescence processes from the metal surface at plasmonic hotspots. Such nanoplasmonic metal luminescence contributes to the spectral background in surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) measurements and is helpful in bioimaging, nano-thermometry, and chemical reaction monitoring applications. Despite increasing interest in nanoplasmonic metal luminescence, little attention has been paid to investigating its dependence on voltage modulation. Also, the hyphenated electrochemical surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (EC-SERS) technique typically ignores voltage-dependent spectral background information associated with nanoplasmonic metal luminescence due to limited mechanistic understanding and poor measurement reproducibility. In this thesis, we combine the experimental observations and theoretical study on dynamic Faradaic & non-Faradaic modulated nanoplasmonic metallic luminescence and molecular vibrational Raman from hotspots at the electrode-electrolyte interfaces using multiple novel nano-optoelectrodes. Our work represents a critical step toward the general application of nanoplasmonic metal luminescence signals in optical voltage biosensing, hybrid optical-electrical signal transduction, and interfacial electrochemical monitoring.
New water accounting reveals why the Colorado River no longer reaches the sea
Richter, Brian D.; Lamsal, Gambhir; Marston, Landon T.; Dhakal, Sameer; Sangha, Laljeet Singh; Rushforth, Richard R.; Wei, Dongyang; Ruddell, Benjamin L.; Davis, Kyle Frankel; Hernandez-Cruz, Astrid; Sandoval-Solis, Samuel; Schmidt, John C. (Springer Nature, 2024-03-28)
Persistent overuse of water supplies from the Colorado River during recent decades has substantially depleted large storage reservoirs and triggered mandatory cutbacks in water use. The river holds critical importance to more than 40 million people and more than two million hectares of cropland. Therefore, a full accounting of where the river’s water goes en route to its delta is necessary. Detailed knowledge of how and where the river’s water is used can aid design of strategies and plans for bringing water use into balance with available supplies. Here we apply authoritative primary data sources and modeled crop and riparian/wetland evapotranspiration estimates to compile a water budget based on average consumptive water use during 2000–2019. Overall water consumption includes both direct human uses in the municipal, commercial, industrial, and agricultural sectors, as well as indirect water losses to reservoir evaporation and water consumed through riparian/wetland evapotranspiration. Irrigated agriculture is responsible for 74% of direct human uses and 52% of overall water consumption. Water consumed for agriculture amounts to three times all other direct uses combined. Cattle feed crops including alfalfa and other grass hays account for 46% of all direct water consumption.
A neutrino floor for the Migdal effect
Herrera, Gonzalo (2024-05-24)
Neutrino-nucleus scatterings in the detector could induce electron ionization signatures due to the Migdal effect. We derive prospects for a future detection of the Migdal effect via coherent elastic solar neutrino-nucleus scatterings in liquid xenon detectors, and discuss the irreducible background that it constitutes for the Migdal effect caused by light dark matter-nucleus scatterings. Furthermore, we explore the ionization signal induced by some neutrino electromagnetic and non-standard interactions on nuclei. In certain scenarios, we find a distinct peak on the ionization spectrum of xenon around 0.1 keV, in clear contrast to the Standard Model expectation.
A Multi-Institutional Description of Processes and Outcomes of Postbaccalaureate Research Education Programs in the Mid-Atlantic Region
Wright, Cynthia F.; Kasman, Laura M.; Robinson, Donita L.; Carey, Gregory B.; Hall, Joshua D.; Lloyd, Joyce A.; Shiang, Rita; Smith, Edward J.; Wilson, Katherine L. (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2023-12-28)
Outcome data from 6 National Institutes of Health-funded Postbaccalaureate Research Education Programs (PREPs) in the Mid-Atlantic region were combined to give a multi-institutional perspective on their scholars' characteristics and progress through biomedical research training. The institutions hosting these programs were Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, the Medical University of South Carolina, the University of Maryland School of Medicine, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Virginia Commonwealth University, and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. The authors summarize the institutional pathways, demographics, undergraduate institutions, and graduate institutions for a total of 384 PREP scholars who completed the programs by June 2021. A total of 228 (59.4%) of these PREP scholars identified as Black or African American, 116 (30.2%) as Hispanic or Latinx, and 269 (70.0%) as female. The authors found that 376 of 384 scholars (97.9%) who started PREP finished their program, 319 of 376 (84.8%) who finished PREP matriculated into PhD or MD/PhD programs, and 284 of 319 (89.0%) who matriculated have obtained their PhD or are successfully making progress toward their PhD.
The Choice of Football Helmets: Relationships between College Football Athlete’s Problem Solving and Preference for Helmet Safety
Coggsdale, Peyton; Friedel, Curtis R.; Kaufman, Eric K.; Walz, Jerald H. (Virginia Tech, 2024-05-08)
This study investigated the intricate interplay between football players' choice of helmets and their problem-solving styles. In light of the paramount importance of player safety in football, understanding the multifaceted factors influencing helmet selection is of utmost significance. The research specifically sought to uncover if there is a relationship between a player’s preferred problem-solving style and helmet choices, which may offer valuable insights into the decision-making process of football players. The study endeavored to contribute to a nuanced understanding of the complex dynamics of helmet selection in football, ultimately aiming to inform better decisions and enhance both player safety and satisfaction on the field.