Quantum Computing Applied to Optimization
Watson, Layne T.
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Optimization problems represent a class of problems that can be time consuming to solve and very complex. In this paper, a quantum algorithm for solving optimization problems is proposed. The algorithm utilizes the encoding scheme from genetic algorithms to encode the problem and then uses Grover's unitary transformation to seek out a solution. The efficiency of the algorithm depends on the length of the chromosome or the coded variable. As a simple example the satisfiability problem, an NP-complete problem, is examined using the algorithm and the time complexity of solving this problem is greatly improved. The traveling salesman and minimum spanning tree problems are also briefly discussed.