Now showing items 1-20 of 676

    • 3D printed graphene-based self-powered strain sensors for smart tires in autonomous vehicles 

      Maurya, Deepam; Khaleghian, Seyedmeysam; Sriramdas, Rammohan; Kumar, Prashant; Kishore, Ravi Anant; Kang, Min-Gyu; Kumar, Vireshwar; Song, Hyun-Cheol; Lee, Seul-Yi; Yan, Yongke; Park, Jung-Min (Jerry); Taheri, Saied; Priya, Shashank (2020-10-26)
      The transition of autonomous vehicles into fleets requires an advanced control system design that relies on continuous feedback from the tires. Smart tires enable continuous monitoring of dynamic parameters by combining ...
    • 6G Enabled Smart Infrastructure for Sustainable Society: Opportunities, Challenges, and Research Roadmap 

      Imoize, Agbotiname Lucky; Adedeji, Oluwadara; Tandiya, Nistha; Shetty, Sachin (MDPI, 2021-03-02)
      The 5G wireless communication network is currently faced with the challenge of limited data speed exacerbated by the proliferation of billions of data-intensive applications. To address this problem, researchers are ...
    • A Framework for Occupancy Tracking in a Building via Structural Dynamics Sensing of Footstep Vibrations 

      Poston, Jeffrey D.; Buehrer, R. Michael; Tarazaga, Pablo Alberto (Frontiers, 2017-11-06)
      Counting the number of occupants in building areas over time—occupancy tracking— provides valuable information for responding to emergencies, optimizing thermal conditions or managing personnel. This capability is distinct ...
    • Aberrant Calcium Signaling in Astrocytes Inhibits Neuronal Excitability in a Human Down Syndrome Stem Cell Model 

      Mizuno, Grace O.; Wang, Yinxue; Shi, Guilai; Wang, Yizhi; Sun, Junqing; Papadopoulos, Stelios; Broussard, Gerard J.; Unger, Elizabeth K.; Deng, Wenbin; Weick, Jason; Bhattacharyya, Anita; Chen, Chao-Yin; Yu, Guoqiang; Looger, Loren L.; Tian, Lin (Elsevier, 2018-07-10)
      Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder that causes cognitive impairment. The staggering effects associated with an extra copy of human chromosome 21 (HSA21) complicates mechanistic understanding of DS pathophysiology. ...
    • Abnormal Behavior Detection Based on Traffic Pattern Categorization in Mobile Cellular Networks 

      De Almeida, J. M.; Pontes, C. F. T.; DaSilva, Luiz A.; Both, C. B.; Gondim, J. J. C.; Ralha, Celia G.; Marotta, M. A. (IEEE, 2021-01-01)
      Abnormal behavior in mobile cellular networks can cause network faults and consequent cell outages, a major reason for operational cost increase and revenue loss for operators. Nonetheless, network faults and cell outages ...
    • Acoustic Energy Harvesting and Sensing via Electrospun PVDF Nanofiber Membrane 

      Shehata, Nader; Hassanin, Ahmed H.; Elnabawy, Eman; Nair, Remya; Bhat, Sameer A.; Kandas, Ishac (MDPI, 2020-05-31)
      This paper introduces a new usage of piezoelectric poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) electrospun nanofiber (NF) membrane as a sensing unit for acoustic signals. In this work, an NF mat has been used as a transducer to ...
    • Acoustic X-wave reflection and transmission at a planar interface: Spectral analysis 

      Shaarawi, Amr M.; Besieris, Ioannis M.; Attiya, Ahmed M.; El-Diwany, Essam (Acoustical Society of America, 2000-01-01)
      The spectral structure of a three-dimensional X-wave pulse incident on a planar surface of discontinuity is examined. Introducing a novel superposition of azimuthally dependent pulsed plane waves, it is shown for oblique ...
    • Acousto-Optics: introduction to the feature issue 

      Poon, Ting-Chung; Tsai, C. S.; Voloshinov, V. B.; Chatterjee, M. R. (Optical Society of America, 2009-03-01)
      This Acousto-Optics feature celebrates the scientific careers of two remarkable scientists, Antoni Sliwinski and Adrian Korpel. The feature includes original papers based on a representative selection of topics that were ...
    • Active suppression of acoustic radiation from impulsively excited structures 

      Baumann, William T.; Saunders, William R.; Robertshaw, Harry H. (Acoustical Society of America, 1991-12-01)
      The objective is to use active control to suppress the acoustic energy that is radiated to the far field from a structure that has been excited by a short-duration pulse. The problem is constrained by the assumption that ...
    • Adaptive Optical Scanning Holography 

      Tsang, P. W. M.; Poon, Ting-Chung; Liu, J. Ping (Springer Nature, 2016-02-26)
      Optical Scanning Holography (OSH) is a powerful technique that employs a single-pixel sensor and a row-by-row scanning mechanism to capture the hologram of a wide-view, three-dimensional object. However, the time required ...
    • "Adaptive Pilot Patterns for CA-OFDM Systems in Non-stationary Wireless Channels" 

      Rao, Raghunandan M.; Marojevic, Vuk; Reed, Jeffrey H. (Institute Of Electrical And Electronics Engineers, 2017-09-12)
      In this paper, we investigate the performance gains of adapting pilot spacing and power for Carrier Aggregation (CA)-OFDM systems in nonstationary wireless channels. In current multi-band CAOFDM wireless networks, all ...
    • Adhesive bondline interrogation using Stoneley wave methods 

      Claus, Richard O.; Kline, R. A. (American Institute of Physics, 1979)
      In this work, a new technique for analyzing interfacial conditions in completed adhesive bonds is discussed. This method is based on the sensitivity of Stoneley waves, which propagate along the boundary between dissimilar ...
    • Adversarial Unlearning of Backdoors via Implicit Hypergradient 

      Zeng, Yi; Chen, Si; Park, Won; Mao, Morley; Jin, Ming; Jia, Ruoxi (2022)
      We propose a minimax formulation for removing backdoors from a given poisoned model based on a small set of clean data. This formulation encompasses much of prior work on backdoor removal. We propose the Implicit Bacdoor ...
    • Aerial high-throughput phenotyping of peanut leaf area index and lateral growth 

      Sarkar, Sayantan; Cazenave, Alexandre-Brice; Oakes, Joseph C.; McCall, David S.; Thomason, Wade E.; Abbott, A. Lynn; Balota, Maria (Springer Nature, 2021-11-04)
      Leaf area index (LAI) is the ratio of the total one-sided leaf area to the ground area, whereas lateral growth (LG) is the measure of canopy expansion. They are indicators for light capture, plant growth, and yield. Although ...
    • Aging into Perceptual Control: A Dynamic Causal Modeling for fMRI Study of Bistable Perception 

      Dowlati, Ehsan; Adams, Sarah E.; Stiles, Alexandra; Moran, Rosalyn J. (Frontiers, 2016-03-31)
      Aging is accompanied by stereotyped changes in functional brain activations, for example a cortical shift in activity patterns from posterior to anterior regions is one hallmark revealed by functional magnetic resonance ...
    • AI-driven F-RANs: Integrating Decision Making Considering Different Time Granularities 

      DeAlmeida, Jonathan M.; DaSilva, Luiz A.; Both, Cristiano Bonato; Ralha, Celia G.; Marotta, Marcelo A. (IEEE, 2021-06-07)
      Cloud and fog-based networks are promising paradigms for vehicular and mobile networks. Fog Radio Access Networks (F-RANs), in particular, can offload computation tasks to the network edge and reduce the latency. Artificial ...
    • AI-Powered Real-Time Channel Awareness and 5G NR Radio Access Network Scheduling Optimization 

      Wang, Ying; Gorski, Adam; DaSilva, Luiz A. (IEEE, 2021-04-19)
      As with any other wireless technology, 5G is not immune to jamming. To achieve consistent performance, network resource scheduling must be optimized in a way that reacts to jamming in the NR channel environment. This paper ...
    • AIRTIME: End-to-end Virtualization Layer for RAN-as-a-Service in Future Multi-Service Mobile Networks 

      Kist, Maicon; Santos, Joao F.; Collins, Diarmuid; Rochol, Juergen; DaSilva, Luiz A.; Both, Cristiano (IEEE, 2020)
      Future mobile networks are envisioned to become multi-service systems, enabling the dynamic deployment of services with vastly different performance requirements, accommodating the needs of diverse service providers. ...
    • An Architecture for Electronic Textiles 

      Jones, Mark T.; Martin, Thomas L.; Sawyer, Braden (ICST, 2008)
      This paper makes a case for a communication architecture for electronic textiles (e-textiles). The properties and re- quirements of e-textile garments are described and analyzed. Based on these properties, the authors make ...
    • Analysis Of A High-Speed Fiber-Optic Spectrometer For Fiber-Optic Sensor Signal Processing 

      Wang, Y. X.; Han, M.; Wang, Anbo (Optical Society of America, 2007)
      A novel high-speed fiber-optic spectrometer has been demonstrated in our previous work. The high-speed spectrum measurement is enabled by translating the spectral-domain signal into a time-domain signal through a dispersion ...