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  • BCG vaccine protection from severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) 

    Esboar, Luis E.; Molina-Cruz, Alvaro; Barillas-Mury, Carolina (National Academy of Sciences, 2020-06-09)
    A series of epidemiological explorations has suggested a negative association between national bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccination policy and the prevalence and mortality of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). ...
  • Bat Activity Following Restoration Prescribed Burning in the Central Appalachian Upland and Riparian Habitats 

    Austin, Lauren V.; Silvis, Alexander; Ford, W. Mark; Muthersbaugh, Michael; Powers, Karen E. (2018-04)
    After decades of fire suppression in eastern North America, land managers now are prioritizing prescribed fire as a management tool to restore or maintain fire-adapted vegetation communities. However, in long-fire-suppressed ...
  • Predicting intensity of white-tailed deer herbivory in the Central Appalachian Mountains 

    Kniowski, Andrew B.; Ford, W. Mark (2018-05)
    In eastern North America, white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) can have profound influences on forest biodiversity and forest successional processes. Moderate to high deer populations in the central Appalachians have ...
  • Stream fish colonization but not persistence varies regionally across a large North American river basin 

    Wheeler, Kit; Wenger, Seth J.; Walsh, Stephen J.; Martin, Zachary P.; Jelks, Howard L.; Freeman, Mary C. (2018-07)
    Many species have distributions that span distinctly different physiographic regions, and effective conservation of such taxa will require a full accounting of all factors that potentially influence populations. Ecologists ...
  • Effects of Landscape Characteristics on Annual Survival of Lesser Prairie-Chickens 

    Robinson, Samantha G.; Haukos, David A.; Plumb, Reid T.; Kraft, John D.; Sullins, Daniel S.; Lautenbach, Joseph M.; Lautenbach, Jonathan D.; Sandercock, Brett K.; Hagen, Christian A.; Bartuszevige, Anne; Rice, Mindy A. (2018-07)
    Agriculture and development have caused landscape change throughout the southwestern Great Plains in the range of the lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus). Landscape alteration within the lesser prairie-chicken ...
  • Identifying the diet of a declining prairie grouse using DNA metabarcoding 

    Sullins, Daniel S.; Haukos, David A.; Craine, Joseph M.; Lautenbach, Joseph M.; Robinson, Samantha G.; Lautenbach, Jonathan D.; Kraft, John D.; Plumb, Reid T.; Reitz, Jonathan H.; Sandercock, Brett K.; Fierer, Noah (2018-07)
    Diets during critical brooding and winter periods likely influence the growth of Lesser Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) populations. During the brooding period, rapidly growing Lesser Prairie-Chicken chicks ...
  • Effects of environmental conditions on reproductive effort and nest success of Arctic-breeding shorebirds 

    Weiser, Emily L.; Brown, Stephen C.; Lanctot, Richard B.; Gates, H. River; Abraham, Kenneth F.; Bentzen, Rebecca L.; Bety, Joel; Boldenow, Megan L.; Brook, Rodney W.; Donnelly, Tyrone F.; English, Willow B.; Flemming, Scott A.; Franks, Samantha E.; Gilchrist, H. Grant; Giroux, Marie-Andree; Johnson, Andrew; Kendall, Steve; Kennedy, Lisa V.; Koloski, Laura; Kwon, Eunbi; Lamarre, Jean-Francois; Lank, David B.; Latty, Christopher J.; Lecomte, Nicolas; Liebezeit, Joseph R.; McKinnon, Laura; Nol, Erica; Perz, Johanna; Rausch, Jennie; Robards, Martin; Saalfeld, Sarah T.; Senner, Nathan R.; Smith, Paul A.; Soloviev, Mikhail; Solovyeva, Diana; Ward, David H.; Woodard, Paul F.; Sandercock, Brett K. (2018-07)
    The Arctic is experiencing rapidly warming conditions, increasing predator abundance, and diminishing population cycles of keystone species such as lemmings. However, it is still not known how many Arctic animals will ...
  • Evaluating spatial and temporal variability in growth and mortality for recreational fisheries with limited catch data 

    Li, Yan; Wagner, Tyler; Jiao, Yan; Lorantas, Robert; Murphy, Cheryl A. (2018-09)
    Understanding the spatial and temporal variability in life-history traits among populations is essential for the management of recreational fisheries. However, valuable freshwater recreational fish species often suffer ...
  • Effects of leg flags on nest survival of four species of Arctic-breeding shorebirds 

    Weiser, Emily L.; Lanctot, Richard B.; Brown, Stephen C.; Gates, H. River; Bentzen, Rebecca L.; Boldenow, Megan L.; Cunningham, Jenny A.; Doll, Andrew; Donnelly, Tyrone F.; English, Willow B.; Franks, Samantha E.; Grond, Kirsten; Herzog, Patrick; Hill, Brooke L.; Kendall, Steve; Kwon, Eunbi; Lank, David B.; Liebezeit, Joseph R.; Rausch, Jennie; Saalfeld, Sarah T.; Taylor, Audrey R.; Ward, David H.; Woodard, Paul F.; Sandercock, Brett K. (2018-09)
    Marking wild birds is an integral part of many field studies. However, if marks affect the vital rates or behavior of marked individuals, any conclusions reached by a study might be biased relative to the general population. ...
  • Spatial extent of analysis influences observed patterns of population genetic structure in a widespread darter species (Percidae) 

    Argentina, Jane E.; Angermeier, Paul L.; Hallerman, Eric M.; Welsh, Stuart A. (2018-10)
    1. Connectivity among stream fish populations allows for exchange of genetic material and helps maintain genetic diversity, adaptive potential and population stability over time. Changes in species demographics and population ...
  • A New Modeling Approach To Prioritize Riparian Restoration To Reduce Sediment Loading in Two Virginia River Basins 

    Scott, Lisa N.; Villamagna, Amy M.; Angermeier, Paul L. (2018-10)
    Human impact, particularly land cover changes (e.g., agriculture, construction) increase erosion and sediment loading into streams. Benthic species are negatively affected by silt deposition that coats and embeds stream ...
  • Demographic Consequences of Conservation Reserve Program Grasslands for Lesser Prairie-Chickens 

    Sullins, Daniel S.; Kraft, John D.; Haukos, David A.; Robinson, Samantha G.; Reitz, Jonathan H.; Plumb, Reid T.; Lautenbach, Joseph M.; Lautenbach, Jonathan D.; Sandercock, Brett K.; Hagen, Christian A. (2018-11)
    Knowledge of landscape and regional circumstances where conservation programs are successful on working lands inagricultural production are needed. Convertingmarginal croplands to grasslands using conservation programs ...
  • Population Characteristics of Yellow Perch in a Central Appalachia Hydropower Reservoir 

    Hilling, Corbin D.; Taylor, Nate D.; Welsh, Stuart A.; Smith, Dustin M. (2018-12)
    Estimates of population characteristics of sport fishes inform fisheries management decisions and provide feedback on management strategies. Cheat Lake provides an unusual fishery in West Virginia because the hydropower ...
  • Size-structured habitat selection by arapaima in floodplain lakes of the Lower Amazon 

    Richard, Jordan C.; Castello, Leandro; Gurdak, Daniel J.; Peoples, Brandon K.; Angermeier, Paul L. (2018-12)
    Human modification of floodplain ecosystems is widespread and a major threat to fish populations, particularly in the tropics where fish diversity and rates of floodplain degradation are high. Identifying measures to ...
  • Lesser prairie-chicken space use in relation to anthropogenic structures 

    Plumb, Reid T.; Lautenbach, Joseph M.; Robinson, Samantha G.; Haukos, David A.; Winder, Virginia L.; Hagen, Christian A.; Sullins, Daniel S.; Pitman, James C.; Dahlgren, David K. (2019-01)
    The Southern Great Plains has been altered by conversion of native grassland to row-crop agriculture, which is considered the primary cause of declining lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) populations. ...
  • Factors influencing nesting ecology of lesser prairie-chickens 

    Lautenbach, Joseph M.; Haukos, David A.; Sullins, Daniel S.; Hagen, Christian A.; Lautenbach, Jonathan D.; Pitman, James C.; Plumb, Reid T.; Robinson, Samantha G.; Kraft, John D. (2019-01)
    Lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) populations have declined since the 1980s. Understanding factors influencing nest-site selection and nest survival are important for conservation and management of lesser ...
  • Modeling the predation dynamics of invasive blue catfish (Ictalurus furcatus) in Chesapeake Bay 

    Schmitt, Joseph D.; Peoples, Brandon K.; Bunch, Aaron J.; Castello, Leandro; Orth, Donald J. (2019-09-19)
    Blue catfish (Ictalurus furcatus) have been widely introduced throughout the United States and are invasive in Chesapeake Bay. Despite this proliferation, little is known about the diet of this large, predatory catfish. ...
  • Evaluating response distances to develop buffer zones for staging terns 

    Althouse, Melissa A.; Cohen, Jonathan B.; Karpanty, Sarah M.; Spendelow, Jeffrey A.; Davis, Kayla L.; Parsons, Katharine C.; Luttazi, Cristin F. (2019-02)
    Buffer zones, calculated by flight-initiation distance (FID), are often used to reduce anthropogenic disturbances to wildlife, but FID can vary significantly across life-history stages. We examined the behavioral effect ...
  • Patterns of acoustical activity of bats prior to and 10 years after WNS on Fort Drum Army Installation, New York 

    Nocera, Tomas; Ford, W. Mark; Silvis, Alexander; Dobony, Christopher A. (2019-04)
    Previous acoustic surveys, netting, and count data have shown that overall bat activity patterns have shifted among most species between pre- and post-white-nose syndrome (WNS) years in much of North America where WNS has ...
  • Feeding Ecology and Distribution of an Invasive Apex Predator: Flathead Catfish in Subestuaries of the Chesapeake Bay, Virginia 

    Schmitt, Joseph D.; Emmel, Jason A.; Bunch, Aaron J.; Hilling, Corbin D.; Orth, Donald J. (2019-04)
    Native to the central United States, Flathead Catfish Pylodictus olivaris have invaded Atlantic coast rivers from Florida to Pennsylvania. They are now invasive in several subestuaries of the Chesapeake Bay, yet contemporary ...

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