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  • A case for conserving common species 

    Frimpong, Emmanuel (PLOS, 2018-02-07)
    I grew up in a country where fish were, first and foremost, food. At the age of nine or so, I started following my dad and uncle to nearby rivers to fish on weekends, and soon I learned to make my own tackle and go back ...
  • Quantifying climate sensitivity and climate-driven change in North American amphibian communities 

    Miller, David A. W.; Grant, Evan H. Campbell; Muths, Erin; Amburgey, Staci M.; Adams, Michael J.; Joseph, Maxwell B.; Waddle, J. Hardin; Johnson, Pieter T. J.; Ryan, Maureen E.; Schmidt, Benedikt R.; Calhoun, Daniel L.; Davis, Courtney L.; Fisher, Robert N.; Green, David M.; Hossack, Blake R.; Rittenhouse, Tracy A. G.; Walls, Susan C.; Bailey, Larissa L.; Cruickshank, Sam S.; Fellers, Gary M.; Gorman, Thomas A.; Haas, Carola A.; Hughson, Ward; Pilliod, David S.; Price, Steven J.; Ray, Andrew M.; Sadinski, Walt; Saenz, Daniel; Barichivich, William J.; Brand, Adrianne; Brehme, Cheryl S.; Dagit, Rosi; Delaney, Katy S.; Glorioso, Brad M.; Kats, Lee B.; Kleeman, Patrick M.; Pearl, Christopher A.; Rochester, Carlton J.; Riley, Seth P. D.; Roth, Mark; Sigafus, Brent H. (2018-09-25)
    Changing climate will impact species' ranges only when environmental variability directly impacts the demography of local populations. However, measurement of demographic responses to climate change has largely been limited ...
  • Quantitative evidence for the effects of multiple drivers on continental-scale amphibian declines 

    Grant, Evan H. Campbell; Miller, David A. W.; Schmidt, Benedikt R.; Adams, Michael J.; Amburgey, Staci M.; Chambert, Thierry; Cruickshank, Sam S.; Fisher, Robert N.; Green, David M.; Hossack, Blake R.; Johnson, Pieter T. J.; Joseph, Maxwell B.; Rittenhouse, Tracy A. G.; Ryan, Maureen E.; Waddle, J. Hardin; Walls, Susan C.; Bailey, Larissa L.; Fellers, Gary M.; Gorman, Thomas A.; Ray, Andrew M.; Pilliod, David S.; Price, Steven J.; Saenz, Daniel; Sadinski, Walt; Muths, Erin (Springer Nature, 2016-05-23)
    Since amphibian declines were first proposed as a global phenomenon over a quarter century ago, the conservation community has made little progress in halting or reversing these trends. The early search for a "smoking gun" ...
  • Long‐term monitoring of ocelot densities in Belize 

    Satter, Christopher B.; Augustine, Ben C.; Harmsen, Bart J.; Foster, Rebecca J.; Sanchez, Emma E.; Wultsch, Claudia; Davis, Miranda L.; Kelly, Marcella J. (The Wildlife Society, 2019-01)
    Ocelots (Leopardus pardalis) are listed as least concern on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red list of Threatened Species, yet we lack knowledge on basic demographic parameters across much of the ...
  • Modelling the Species Distribution of Flat-Headed Cats (Prionailurus planiceps), an Endangered South-East Asian Small Felid 

    Wilting, Andreas; Cord, Anna; Hearn, Andrew J.; Hesse, Deike; Mohamed, Azlan; Traeholdt, Carl; Cheyne, Susan M.; Sunarto, Sunarto; Jayasilan, Mohd-Azlan; Ross, Joanna; Shapiro, Aurelie C.; Sebastian, Anthony; Dech, Stefan; Breitenmoser, Christine; Sanderson, Jim; Duckworth, J. W.; Hofer, Heribert (PLOS, 2010-03-17)
    Background The flat-headed cat (Prionailurus planiceps) is one of the world's least known, highly threatened felids with a distribution restricted to tropical lowland rainforests in Peninsular Thailand/Malaysia, Borneo ...
  • Hydrometeorology and flood pulse dynamics drive diarrheal disease outbreaks and increase vulnerability to climate change in surface-water-dependent populations: A retrospective analysis 

    Alexander, Kathleen A.; Heaney, Alexandra K.; Shaman, Jeffrey (PLOS, 2018-11-08)
    Background The impacts of climate change on surface water, waterborne disease, and human health remain a growing area of concern, particularly in Africa, where diarrheal disease is one of the most important health threats ...
  • Population Status of a Cryptic Top Predator: An Island-Wide Assessment of Tigers in Sumatran Rainforests 

    Wibisono, Hariyo T.; Linkie, Matthew; Guillera-Arroita, Gurutzeta; Smith, Joseph A.; Sunarto; Pusparini, Wulan; Asriadi; Baroto, Pandu; Brickle, Nick; Dinata, Yoan; Gemita, Elva; Gunaryadi, Donny; Haidir, Iding A.; Herwansyah; Karina, Indri; Kiswayadi, Dedy; Kristiantono, Decki; Kurniawan, Harry; Lahoz-Monfort, Jose J.; Leader-Williams, Nigel; Maddox, Tom; Martyr, Deborah J.; Maryati; Nugroho, Agung; Parakkasi, Karmila; Priatna, Dolly; Ramadiyanta, Eka; Ramono, Widodo S.; Reddy, Goddilla V.; Rood, Ente J. J.; Saputra, Doddy Y.; Sarimudi, Ahmad; Salampessy, Adnun; Septayuda, Eka; Suhartono, Tonny; Sumantri, Ade; Susilo; Tanjung, Iswandri; Tarmizi; Yulianto, Koko; Yunus, Mohammad; Zulfahmi (PLOS, 2011-11-02)
    Large carnivores living in tropical rainforests are under immense pressure from the rapid conversion of their habitat. In response, millions of dollars are spent on conserving these species. However, the cost-effectiveness ...
  • Tigers Need Cover: Multi-Scale Occupancy Study of the Big Cat in Sumatran Forest and Plantation Landscapes 

    Sunarto, Sunarto; Kelly, Marcella J.; Parakkasi, Karmila; Klenzendorf, Sybille; Septayuda, Eka; Kurniawan, Harry (PLOS, 2012-01-23)
    The critically endangered Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae Pocock, 1929) is generally known as a forest-dependent animal. With large-scale conversion of forests into plantations, however, it is crucial for restoration ...
  • Buffalo, Bush Meat, and the Zoonotic Threat of Brucellosis in Botswana 

    Alexander, Kathleen Anne; Blackburn, Jason Kenna; Vandewalle, Mark Eric; Pesapane, Risa; Baipoledi, Eddie Kekgonne; Elzer, Phil H. (PLOS, 2012-03-08)
    Background Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease of global importance infecting humans, domestic animals, and wildlife. Little is known about the epidemiology and persistence of brucellosis in wildlife in Southern Africa, ...
  • Serum Immune-Related Proteins are Differentially Expressed during Hibernation in the American Black Bear 

    Chow, Brian A.; Donahue, Seth W.; Vaughan, Michael R.; McConkey, Brendan; Vijayan, Mathilakath M. (PLOS, 2013-06-25)
    Hibernation is an adaptation to conserve energy in the face of extreme environmental conditions and low food availability that has risen in several animal phyla. This phenomenon is characterized by reduced metabolic rate ...
  • The Changing Face of Water: A Dynamic Reflection of Antibiotic Resistance Across Landscapes 

    Sanderson, Claire E.; Fox, J. Tyler; Dougherty, Eric R.; Cameron, Andrew D. S.; Alexander, Kathleen A. (Frontiers, 2018-09-06)
    Little is known about the role of surface water in the propagation of antibiotic resistance (AR), or the relationship between AR and water quality declines. While healthcare and agricultural sectors are considered the main ...
  • Modeling Fence Location and Density at a Regional Scale for Use in Wildlife Management 

    Poor, Erin E.; Jakes, Andrew; Loucks, Colby; Suitor, Mike (PLOS, 2014-01-08)
    Barbed and woven wire fences, common structures across western North America, act as impediments to wildlife movements. In particular, fencing influences pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) daily and seasonal movements, as ...
  • Rapid Life-History Diversification of an Introduced Fish Species across a Localized Thermal Gradient 

    Zhu, Fengyue; Rypel, Andrew L.; Murphy, Brian R.; Li, Zhongjie; Zhang, Tanglin; Yuan, Jing; Guo, Zhiqiang; Tang, Jianfeng; Liu, Jiashou (PLOS, 2014-02-04)
    Climatic variations are known to engender life-history diversification of species and populations at large spatial scales. However, the extent to which microgeographic variations in climate (e.g., those occurring within a ...
  • Roosting and Foraging Social Structure of the Endangered Indiana Bat (Myotis sodalis) 

    Silvis, Alexander; Kniowski, Andrew B.; Gehrt, Stanley D.; Ford, W. Mark (PLOS, 2014-05-09)
    Social dynamics are an important but poorly understood aspect of bat ecology. Herein we use a combination of graph theoretic and spatial approaches to describe the roost and social network characteristics and foraging ...
  • Effects of Hierarchical Roost Removal on Northern Long-Eared Bat (Myotis septentrionalis) Maternity Colonies 

    Silvis, Alexander; Ford, W. Mark; Britzke, Eric R. (PLOS, 2015-01-22)
    Forest roosting bats use a variety of ephemeral roosts such as snags and declining live trees. Although conservation of summer maternity habitat is considered critical for forest-roosting bats, bat response to roost loss ...
  • Body Condition Indices Predict Reproductive Success but Not Survival in a Sedentary, Tropical Bird 

    Milenkaya, Olga; Catlin, Daniel H.; Legge, Sarah; Walters, Jeffrey R. (PLOS, 2015-08-25)
    Body condition may predict individual fitness because those in better condition have more resources to allocate towards improving their fitness. However, the hypothesis that condition indices are meaningful proxies for ...
  • Hunting, Exotic Carnivores, and Habitat Loss: Anthropogenic Effects on a Native Carnivore Community, Madagascar 

    Farris, Zach J.; Golden, Christopher D.; Karpanty, Sarah; Murphy, Asia; Stauffer, Dean; Ratelolahy, Felix; Andrianjakarivelo, Vonjy; Holmes, Christopher M.; Kelly, Marcella J. (PLOS, 2015-09-16)
    The wide-ranging, cumulative, negative effects of anthropogenic disturbance, including habitat degradation, exotic species, and hunting, on native wildlife has been well documented across a range of habitats worldwide with ...
  • Species, sex and geo-location identification of seized tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) parts in Nepal—A molecular forensic approach 

    Karmacharya, Dibesh; Sherchan, Adarsh M.; Dulal, Santosh; Manandhar, Prajwol; Manandhar, Sulochana; Joshi, Jyoti; Bhattarai, Susmita; Bhatta, Tarka R.; Awasthi, Nagendra; Sharma, Ajay N.; Bista, Manisha; Silwal, Nawa R.; Pokharel, Pravin; Lamichhane, Rom R.; Sharma, Netra; Llewellyn, Bronwyn; Wultsch, Claudia; Kelly, Marcella J.; Gour, Digpal; Waits, Lisette; Hero, Jean-Marc; Hughes, Jane (PLOS, 2018-08-23)
    Tiger (Panthera tigris) populations are in danger across their entire range due to habitat loss, poaching and the demand for tiger parts. The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is an endangered apex predator with a ...
  • Seeing the Forest through the Trees: Considering Roost-Site Selection at Multiple Spatial Scales 

    Jachowski, David S.; Rota, Christopher T.; Dobony, Christopher A.; Ford, W. Mark; Edwards, John W. (PLOS, 2016-03-30)
    Conservation of bat species is one of the most daunting wildlife conservation challenges in North America, requiring detailed knowledge about their ecology to guide conservation efforts. Outside of the hibernating season, ...
  • A Comparative Analysis of Genetic Diversity and Structure in Jaguars (Panthera onca), Pumas (Puma concolor), and Ocelots (Leopardus pardalis) in Fragmented Landscapes of a Critical Mesoamerican Linkage Zone 

    Wultsch, Claudia; Waits, Lisette P.; Kelly, Marcella J. (PLOS, 2016-03-14)
    With increasing anthropogenic impact and landscape change, terrestrial carnivore populations are becoming more fragmented. Thus, it is crucial to genetically monitor wild carnivores and quantify changes in genetic diversity ...

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