The Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University School of Biomedical Engineering & Sciences (SBES) is a joint graduate program formed in 2003 to bring together three prestigious academic institutions: the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, the Wake Forest University School of Medicine, and the Regional Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine. On August 11, 2014, Virginia Tech announced a new collaboration between SBES and the Engineering Science and Mechanics department to form the new Department of Biomedical Engineering and Mechanics. This department provides a strong foundation and a sturdy framework for the discovery, development, transfer, and implementation of new knowledge in the areas of mechanics of materials and material systems, fluid mechanics, dynamics and vibration, biomechanics, and computational methods. The department is fully committed to providing an environment for strong undergraduate and graduate education that emphasizes fundamental understanding rather than specialization, high-quality teaching, innovation, frontier-level research, and service to the professional mechanics community.

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  • Infographic: ACL injury reconstruction and recovery 

    Queen, R.M. (British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery, 2017)
    Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a considerable source of morbidity among athletes. Most ACL injuries (70%) are non-contact in nature, with women and patients aged between 15 and 30 years at particularly high ...
  • Development of the STAR Evaluation System for Assessing Bicycle Helmet Protective Performance 

    Bland, Megan L.; McNally, Craig; Zuby, David S.; Mueller, Becky C.; Rowson, Steven (Biomedical Engineering Society, 2019-08-01)
    Cycling is a leading cause of mild traumatic brain injury in the US. While bicycle helmets help protect cyclists who crash, limited biomechanical data exist differentiating helmet protective capabilities. This paper describes ...
  • Do Infield Softball Masks Effectively Reduce Facial Fracture Risk? 

    Morris, Tyler P.; Gellner, Ryan A.; Rowson, Steven (2019-02)
    Infield softball masks are intended to reduce facial fracture risk, but are rarely worn. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of infield masks' ability to attenuate facial fracture risk over a range ...
  • Electropermeabilization of nematode eggs for parasite deactivation 

    Dryzer, M. H.; Niven, C.; Wolter, S. D.; Arena, C. B.; Ngaboyamahina, E.; Parker, C. B.; Stoner, B. R. (2019-03)
    The eggs of parasitic helminth worms are incredibly resilient - possessing the ability to survive changing environmental factors and exposure to chemical treatments - which has restricted the efficacy of wastewater sanitation. ...
  • Electrophysiologic effects of the I-K1 inhibitor PA-6 are modulated by extracellular potassium in isolated guinea pig hearts 

    Hoeker, Gregory S.; Skarsfeldt, Mark A.; Jespersen, Thomas; Poelzing, Steven (The Physiological Society, 2017-01)
    The pentamidine analog PA-6 was developed as a specific inward rectifier potassium current (I-K1) antagonist, because established inhibitors either lack specificity or have side effects that prohibit their use in vivo. We ...
  • Repetitive Head Impact Exposure in College Football Following an NCAA Rule Change to Eliminate Two-A-Day Preseason Practices: A Study from the NCAA-DoD CARE Consortium 

    Stemper, Brian D.; Shah, Alok S.; Harezlak, Jaroslaw; Rowson, Steven; Duma, Stefan M.; Mihalik, Jason P.; Riggen, Larry D.; Brooks, Alison; Cameron, Kenneth L.; Giza, Christopher C.; Houston, Megan N.; Jackson, Jonathan; Posner, Matthew A.; McGinty, Gerald; DiFiori, John; Broglio, Steven P.; McAllister, Thomas W.; McCrea, Michael (Biomedical Engineering Society, 2019-08-06)
    Repetitive head impact exposure sustained by athletes of contact sports has been hypothesized to be a mechanism for concussion and a possible explanation for the high degree of variability in sport-related concussion ...
  • Self-Stabilizing Transpiration in Synthetic Leaves 

    Shi, Weiwei; Vieitez, Joshua R.; Berrier, Austin S.; Roseveare, Matthew W.; Surinach, Daniel A.; Srijanto, Bernadeta R.; Collier, C. Patrick; Boreyko, Jonathan B. (2019-04-10)
    Over the past decade, synthetic trees have been engineered to mimic the transpiration cycle of natural plants, but the leaves are prone to dry out beneath a critical relative humidity. Here, we create large-area synthetic ...
  • How soap bubbles freeze 

    Ahmadi, S. Farzad; Nath, Saurabh; Kingett, Christian M.; Yue, Pengtao; Boreyko, Jonathan B. (Springer Nature, 2019-06-18)
    Droplets or puddles tend to freeze from the propagation of a single freeze front. In contrast, videographers have shown that as soap bubbles freeze, a plethora of growing ice crystals can swirl around in a beautiful effect ...
  • A passive diffusion model of fluorescein derivatives in an in vitro human brain microvascular endothelial cell (HBMEC) monolayer 

    Simmons, Jamelle M.; Lee, Yong Woo; Achenie, Luke (JVE, 2018-09-29)
    Eukaryotic cells have a protective plasma membrane, which restricts the free movement of molecules from the external environment to the internal environment. This study aims to computationally model the transport of ...
  • Astrocyte Mechano-Activation by High-Rate Overpressure Involves Alterations in Structural and Junctional Proteins 

    Hlavac, Nora; VandeVord, Pamela J. (Frontiers, 2019-02-22)
    Primary blast neurotrauma represents a unique injury paradigm characterized by high-rate overpressure effects on brain tissue. One major hallmark of blast neurotrauma is glial reactivity, notably prolonged astrocyte ...
  • Flag Football Headgear STAR Protocol 

    Begonia, Mark; Rowson, Steven (2019-06-30)
    This document details the protocol used to rate flag football headgear based on concussion risk according to the Virginia Tech Helmet Ratings.
  • Seasonal changes in morphology govern wettability of Katsura leaves 

    Kang, Hosung; Graybill, Philip M.; Fleetwood, Sara; Boreyko, Jonathan B.; Jung, Sunghwan (PLOS, 2018-09-27)
    Deciduous broad-leaf trees survive and prepare for winter by shedding their leaves in fall. During the fall season, a change in a leaf's wettability and its impact on the leaf-fall are not well understood. In this study, ...
  • Role of Glia in Memory Deficits Following Traumatic Brain Injury: Biomarkers of Glia Dysfunction 

    Sajja, Venkata Siva Sai Sujith; Hlavac, Nora; VandeVord, Pamela J. (Frontiers Media S.A., 2016-02-29)
    Historically, glial cells have been recognized as a structural component of the brain. However, it has become clear that glial cells are intimately involved in the complexities of neural networks and memory formations. ...
  • Intercomparison of Small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS) Measurements for Atmospheric Science during the LAPSE-RATE Campaign 

    Barbieri, Lindsay; Kral, Stephan T.; Bailey, Sean C. C.; Frazier, Amy E.; Jacob, Jamey D.; Reuder, Joachim; Brus, David; Chilson, Phillip B.; Crick, Christopher; Detweiler, Carrick; Doddi, Abhiram; Elston, Jack; Foroutan, Hosein; González-Rocha, Javier; Greene, Brian R.; Guzman, Marcelo I.; Houston, Adam L.; Islam, Ashraful; Kemppinen, Osku; Lawrence, Dale; Pillar-Little, Elizabeth A.; Ross, Shane D.; Sama, Michael P.; Schmale, David G.; Schuyler, Travis J.; Shankar, Ajay; Smith, Suzanne W.; Waugh, Sean; Dixon, Cory; Borenstein, Steve; de Boer, Gijs (MDPI, 2019-05-10)
    Small unmanned aircraft systems (sUAS) are rapidly transforming atmospheric research. With the advancement of the development and application of these systems, improving knowledge of best practices for accurate measurement ...
  • Compressive Mechanical Properties of Porcine Brain: Experimentation and Modeling of the Tissue Hydration Effects 

    Prabhu, Raj K.; Begonia, Mark T.; Whittington, Wilburn R.; Murphy, Michael A.; Mao, Yuxiong; Liao, Jun; Williams, Lakiesha N.; Horstemeyer, Mark F.; Sheng, Jianping (MDPI, 2019-05-07)
    Designing protective systems for the human head—and, hence, the brain—requires understanding the brain’s microstructural response to mechanical insults. We present the behavior of wet and dry porcine brain ...
  • Fast Projection Algorithm for LIM-Based Simultaneous Algebraic Reconstruction Technique and Its Parallel Implementation on GPU 

    Zhang, Shunli; Geng, Guohua; Cao, Guohua; Zhang, Yuhe; Liu, Baodong; Dong, Xu (IEEE, 2018)
    Simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique (SART) is a well-known iterative method in X-ray computed tomography, which provides better image quality than analytical methods when dealing with incomplete or noisy data. ...
  • A Method for Detecting Atmospheric Lagrangian Coherent Structures Using a Single Fixed-Wing Unmanned Aircraft System 

    Nolan, Peter J.; McClelland, Hunter G.; Woolsey, Craig A.; Ross, Shane D. (MDPI, 2019-04-03)
    The transport of material through the atmosphere is an issue with wide ranging implications for fields as diverse as agriculture, aviation, and human health. Due to the unsteady nature of the atmosphere, predicting how ...
  • Functional compartmentalization in the hemocoel of insects 

    Pendar, Hodjat; Aviles, Jessica; Adjerid, Khaled; Schoenewald, Caroline; Socha, John J. (Springer Nature, 2019-04-15)
    The insect circulatory system contains an open hemocoel, in which the mechanism of hemolymph flow control is ambiguous. As a continuous fluidic structure, this cavity should exhibit pressure changes that propagate quickly. ...
  • Age-related strength loss affects non-stepping balance recovery 

    Koushyar, Hoda; Bieryla, Kathleen A.; Nussbaum, Maury A.; Madigan, Michael L. (Public Library of Science, 2019-01-18)
    Aging is associated with a higher risk of falls, and an impaired ability to recover balance after a postural perturbation is an important contributing factor. In turn, this impaired recovery ability likely stems from ...
  • Microvascular bioengineering: a focus on pericytes 

    Zhao, Huaning; Chappell, John C. (2019-03-29)
    Capillaries within the microcirculation are essential for oxygen delivery and nutrient/waste exchange, among other critical functions. Microvascular bioengineering approaches have sought to recapitulate many key features ...

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