Research articles, presentations, and other scholarship

Recent Submissions

  • A comparison of two methods for quantifying parasitic nematode fecundity 

    Austin, Lauren V.; Budischak, Sarah A.; Ramadhin, Jessica; Hoberg, Eric P.; Abrams, Art; Jolles, Anna E.; Ezenwa, Vanessa O. (2017-05)
    Accurate measures of nematode fecundity can provide important information for investigating parasite life history evolution, transmission potential, and effects on host health. Understanding differences among fecundity ...
  • Survival of White-Tailed Deer Neonates in Louisiana 

    Shuman, Rebecca M.; Cherry, Michael J.; Simoneaux, Taylor N.; Dutoit, Elizabeth A.; Kilgo, John C.; Chamberlain, Michael J.; Miller, Karl V. (2017-07)
    Changing predator communities have potential to complicate management focused on ensuring sustainable white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) populations. Recent research reported that predation on neonates by coyotes ...
  • Assessing global patterns in mammalian carnivore occupancy and richness by integrating local camera trap surveys 

    Rich, Lindsey N.; Davis, Courtney L.; Farris, Zach J.; Miller, David A. W.; Tucker, Jody M.; Hamel, Sandra; Farhadinia, Mohammad S.; Steenweg, Robin; Di Bitetti, Mario S.; Thapa, Kanchan; Kane, Mamadou D.; Sunarto, S.; Robinson, Nathaniel P.; Paviolo, Agustin; Cruz, Paula; Martins, Quinton; Gholikhani, Navid; Taktehrani, Ateih; Whittington, Jesse; Widodo, Febri A.; Yoccoz, Nigel G.; Wultsch, Claudia; Harmsen, Bart J.; Kelly, Marcella J. (2017-08)
    Aim: Biodiversity loss is a major driver of ecosystem change, yet the ecological data required to detect and mitigate losses are often lacking. Recently, camera trap surveys have been suggested as a method for sampling ...
  • Behavior - Landscape Interactions May Create Super-Spreader Environments: Vigilance-Olfactory Interactions Across Land Type and Disease Transmission Potential in the Banded Mongoose 

    Alexander, Kathleen Ane; Nichols, Carol Anne (Frontiers, 2020-03-12)
    A complex suite of drivers can influence infectious disease transmission with behavior and landscape spatial dynamics contributing importantly to epidemic patterns across host–pathogen-environmental systems. However, our ...
  • Ecological correlates of the spatial co-occurrence of sympatric mammalian carnivores worldwide 

    Davis, Courtney L.; Rich, Lindsey N.; Farris, Zach J.; Kelly, Marcella J.; Di Bitetti, Mario S.; Di Blanco, Yamil; Albanesi, Sebastian; Farhadinia, Mohammad S.; Gholikhani, Navid; Hamel, Sandra; Harmsen, Bart J.; Wultsch, Claudia; Kane, Mamadou D.; Martins, Quinton; Murphy, Asia J.; Steenweg, Robin; Sunarto, Sunarto; Taktehrani, Atieh; Thapa, Kanchan; Tucker, Jody M.; Whittington, Jesse; Widodo, Febri A.; Yoccoz, Nigel G.; Miller, David A. W. (2018-09)
    The composition of local mammalian carnivore communities has far-reaching effects on terrestrial ecosystems worldwide. To better understand how carnivore communities are structured, we analysed camera trap data for 108087 ...
  • Feral swine Sus scrofa: a new threat to the remaining breeding wetlands of the Vulnerable reticulated flatwoods salamander Ambystoma bishopi 

    Jones, Kelly C.; Gorman, Thomas A.; Rincon, Brandon K.; Allen, John; Haas, Carola A.; Engeman, Richard M. (2018-10)
    Feral swine Sus scrofa have been implicated as a major threat to sensitive habitats and ecosystems as well as threatened wildlife. Nevertheless, direct and indirect impacts on threatened species (especially small, fossorial ...
  • Effects of Hydraulic Retention Time and Influent Nitrate-N Concentration on Nitrogen Removal and the Microbial Community of an Aerobic Denitrification Reactor Treating Recirculating Marine Aquaculture System Effluent 

    Song, Xiefa; Yang, Xiaohan; Hallerman, Eric; Jiang, Yuli; Huang, Zhitao (MDPI, 2020-02-28)
    The effects of hydraulic retention time (HRT) and influent nitrate-N concentration on nitrogen removal and the microbial community composition of an aerobic denitrification reactor treating recirculating marine aquaculture ...
  • Evaluating the Ecology of Tantilla Relicta in Florida Pine-Wiregrass Sandhills Using Multi-Season Occupancy Models 

    Button, Sky T.; Sovie, Adia R.; Greenberg, Cathryn H.; Austin, James D. (2019-08)
    Occupancy modeling may be the most effective tool for studying the occurrence of secretive fossorial squamates. Our objective was to use occupancy models to test whether Florida Crowned Snakes (Tantilla relicta) are a ...
  • Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulea) response to operational silviculture in the central Appalachian region 

    Nareff, Gretchen E.; Wood, Petra B.; Brown, Donald J.; Fearer, Todd; Larkin, Jeffery L.; Ford, W. Mark (2019-09-15)
    The Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulea) is a species of conservation need, with declines linked in part to forest habitat loss on its breeding grounds. Active management of forests benefit the Cerulean Warbler by creating ...
  • Effect of food limitation and reproductive activity on fecal glucocorticoid metabolite levels in banded mongooses 

    Laver, Pete N.; Ganswindt, André; Ganswindt, Stefanie B.; Alexander, Kathleen A. (2020-02-18)
    Abstract Background Glucocorticoids mediate responses to perceived stressors, thereby restoring homeostasis. However, prolonged glucocorticoid elevation may cause homeostatic ...
  • Russell the Mussel 

    Conover, Adele; Biggins, Richard; Neves, Richard; Bensusen, Sally; Chorba, Mark (Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 2002)
    “Russell the Mussel” was written for children. It introduces them to the rich variety of aquatic life in streams like Crystal Creek. In this well-illustrated and delightful story Jill learns about the underwater world of ...
  • Pangolins in global camera trap data: Implications for ecological monitoring 

    Khwaja, Hannah; Buchan, Claire; Wearn, Oliver R.; Bahaa-el-din, Laila; Bantlin, Drew; Bernard, Henry; Bitariho, Robert; Bohm, Torsten; Borah, Jimmy; Brodie, Jedediah; Chutipong, Wanlop; du Preez, Byron; Ebang-Mbele, Alex; Edwards, Sarah; Fairet, Emilie; Frechette, Jackson L.; Garside, Adrian; Gibson, Luke; Giordano, Anthony; Gopi, Govindan Veeraswami; Granados, Alys; Gubbi, Sanjay; Harich, Franziska; Haurez, Barbara; Havmoller, Rasmus W.; Helmy, Olga; Isbell, Lynne A.; Jenks, Kate; Kalle, Riddhika; Kamjing, Anucha; Khamcha, Daphawan; Kiebou-Opepa, Cisquet; Kinnaird, Margaret; Kruger, Caroline; Laudisoit, Anne; Lynam, Antony; Macdonald, Suzanne E.; Mathai, John; Sienne, Julia Metsio; Meier, Amelia; Mills, David; Mohd-Azlan, Jayasilan; Nakashima, Yoshihiro; Nash, Helen C.; Ngoprasert, Dusit; Nguyen, An; O'Brien, Tim; Olson, David; Orbell, Christopher; Poulsen, John; Ramesh, Tharmalingam; Reeder, DeeAnn; Reyna, Rafael; Rich, Lindsey N.; Rode-Margono, Johanna; Rovero, Francesco; Sheil, Douglas; Shirley, Matthew H.; Stratford, Ken; Sukumal, Niti; Suwanrat, Saranphat; Tantipisanuh, Naruemon; Tilker, Andrew; Van Berkel, Tim; Van der Weyde, Leanne K.; Varney, Matthew; Weise, Florian; Wiesel, Ingrid; Wilting, Andreas; Wong, Seth T.; Waterman, Carly; Challender, Daniel W. S. (2019-10)
    Despite being heavily exploited, pangolins (Pholidota: Manidae) have been subject to limited research, resulting in a lack of reliable population estimates and standardised survey methods for the eight extant species. ...
  • Composition and Drivers of Gut Microbial Communities in Arctic-Breeding Shorebirds 

    Grond, Kirsten; Santo Domingo, Jorge W.; Lanctot, Richard B.; Jumpponen, Ari; Bentzen, Rebecca L.; Boldenow, Megan L.; Brown, Stephen C.; Casler, Bruce; Cunningham, Jenny A.; Doll, Andrew C.; Freeman, Scott; Hill, Brooke L.; Kendall, Steven J.; Kwon, Eunbi; Liebezeit, Joseph R.; Pirie-Dominix, Lisa; Rausch, Jennie; Sandercock, Brett K. (2019-10-09)
    Gut microbiota can have important effects on host health, but explanatory factors and pathways that determine gut microbial composition can differ among host lineages. In mammals, host phylogeny is one of the main drivers ...
  • Papillomavirus in Wildlife 

    Frias-De-Diego, Alba; Jara, Manuel; Escobar, Luis E. (2019-10-25)
    Papillomaviruses (PV) are associated with epithelial malignancies in animals, including cancer in humans. Limited knowledge exists regarding the evolutionary history of non-human PV. We assessed the phylogeography of PV ...
  • Listeria monocytogenes at the human-wildlife interface: black bears (Ursus americanus) as potential vehicles for Listeria 

    Parsons, Cameron; Niedermeyer, Jeff; Gould, Nicholas; Brown, Phillip; Strules, Jennifer; Parsons, Arielle W.; Mesa-Cruz, J. Bernardo; Kelly, Marcella J.; Hooker, Michael J.; Chamberlain, Michael J.; Olfenbuttel, Colleen; DePerno, Christopher; Kathariou, Sophia (2019-11)
    Listeria monocytogenes is the causative agent of the foodborne illness listeriosis, which can result in severe symptoms and death in susceptible humans and other animals. L. monocytogenes is ubiquitous in the environment ...
  • Floodplain land cover affects biomass distribution of fish functional diversity in the Amazon River 

    Arantes, Caroline C.; Winemiller, Kirk O.; Asher, Alex; Castello, Leandro; Hess, Laura L.; Petrere, Miguel, Jr.; Freitas, Carlos E. C. (2019-11-13)
    Land-cover change often shifts the distribution of biomass in animal communities. However, the effects of land-cover changes on functional diversity remain poorly understood for many organisms and ecosystems, particularly, ...
  • Estimating IUCN Red List population reduction: JARA-A decision-support tool applied to pelagic sharks 

    Sherley, Richard B.; Winker, Henning; Rigby, Cassandra L.; Kyne, Peter M.; Pollom, Riley; Pacoureau, Nathan; Herman, Katelyn; Carlson, John K.; Yin, Jamie S.; Kindsvater, Holly K.; Dulvy, Nicholas K. (2019-11)
    The International Union for Conservation of Nature's (IUCN) Red List is the global standard for quantifying extinction risk but assessing population reduction (criterion A) of wide-ranging, long-lived marine taxa remains ...
  • Perspective: Climate Change and the Relocation of Indonesia’s Capital to Borneo 

    Van de Vuurst, Paige; Escobar, Luis E. (Frontiers Media, 2020-01-30)
    Indonesia has recently announced the relocation of the country’s capital from the island of Java to the island of Borneo. Java’s limited sustainability is evident from extreme deforestation, biodiversity loss, intense road ...
  • Ecological niche modeling re-examined: A case study with the Darwin’s fox 

    Escobar, Luis E.; Qiao, Huijie; Cabello, Javier (Wiley, 2018)
    Many previous studies have attempted to assess ecological niche modeling performance using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) approaches, even though diverse problems with this metric have been pointed out in the ...
  • Domestic horses within the Maya biosphere reserve: A possible threat to the Central American tapir (Tapirus bairdii) 

    Lepe-López, Manuel; García-Anleu, Rony; Fountain-Jones, Nicholas M.; Ponce, Gabriela; Gonzalez, Mariano; Escobar, Luis E. (Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 2018)
    The Central American tapir (Tapirus bairdii) is the largest herbivore in the Neotropics classified as “endangered.” It has been proposed that Equine Infectious Anemia virus (EIA) is a disease of horses with potential to ...

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