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Pressure-induced phase transition in PbSc0.5Ta0.5O3 as a model Pb-based perovksite-type relaxor ferroelectric
Angel, R. J.
Welsch, A. M.
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We report pressure-induced structural changes in PbSc0.5Ta0.5O3 studied by single-crystal x-ray diffraction and Raman scattering. The appearance of a soft mode, a change in the volume compressibility, broadening of the diffraction peaks, and suppression of the x-ray diffuse scattering show that a phase transition occurs near p(c)similar to 1.9 GPa. The critical pressure is associated with a decoupling of the displacements of the B site and Pb cations in the existing polar nanoregions, leading to the suppression of B-cation off-center shifts and enhancement of the ferroic distortion in the Pb-O system.