Crystallographic direction dependence of direct current field induced strain and phase transitions in Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3-x%BaTiO3 single crystals near the morphotropic phase boundary
Viehland, Dwight D.
MetadataShow full item record
The crystallographic dependence of the DC electric (E) field induced strain and phase transition in Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3-5.6%BaTiO3 (NBT-5.6%BT) single crystals has been investigated. An induced transition between pseudocubic and tetragonal structures was observed under E = 10 kV/cm for fields applied along the < 001 > direction, whereas an induced transition between pseudocubic and rhombohedral structures was observed when the E-field was applied along < 111 >. Our results show near the morphotropic phase boundary that the phase stability of NBT-x%BT is dependent on the crystallographic direction along which E was applied. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4757877]