Now showing items 21-40 of 661

    • Mutations that alter Arabidopsis flavonoid metabolism affect the circadian clock 

      Hildreth, Sherry B.; Littleton, Evan S.; Clark, Leor C.; Puller, Gabrielle C.; Kojima, Shihoko; Winkel, Brenda S. J. (Society for Experimental Biology, 2022-02-26)
      Flavonoids are a well-known class of specialized metabolites that play key roles in plant development, reproduction, and survival. Flavonoids are also of considerable interest from the perspective of human health, as both ...
    • Five state factors control progressive stages of freshwater salinization syndrome 

      Kaushal, Sujay S.; Mayer, Paul M.; Likens, Gene E.; Reimer, Jenna E.; Maas, Carly M.; Rippy, Megan A.; Grant, Stanley B.; Hart, Ian; Utz, Ryan M.; Shatkay, Ruth R.; Wessel, Barret M.; Maietta, Christine E.; Pace, Michael L.; Duan, Shuiwang; Boger, Walter L.; Yaculak, Alexis M.; Galella, Joseph G.; Wood, Kelsey L.; Morel, Carol J.; Nguyen, William; Querubin, Shane Elizabeth C.; Sukert, Rebecca A.; Lowien, Anna; Houde, Alyssa Wellman; Roussel, Anais; Houston, Andrew J.; Cacopardo, Ari; Ho, Cristy; Talbot-Wendlandt, Haley; Widmer, Jacob M.; Slagle, Jairus; Bader, James A.; Chong, Jeng Hann; Wollney, Jenna; Kim, Jordan; Shepherd, Lauren; Wilfong, Matthew T.; Houlihan, Megan; Sedghi, Nathan; Butcher, Rebecca; Chaudhary, Sona; Becker, William D. (Wiley, 2022-03-16)
      Factors driving freshwater salinization syndrome (FSS) influence the severity of impacts and chances for recovery. We hypothesize that spread of FSS across ecosystems is a function of interactions among five state factors: ...
    • A phylogenomic framework for charting the diversity and evolution of giant viruses 

      Aylward, Frank O.; Moniruzzaman, Mohammad; Ha, Anh; Koonin, Eugene (2021-10)
      Large DNA viruses of the phylum Nucleocytoviricota have recently emerged as important members of ecosystems around the globe that challenge traditional views of viral complexity. Numerous members of this phylum that cannot ...
    • Integration of experimental data and use of automated fitting methods in developing protein force fields 

      Polêto, Marcelo D.; Lemkul, Justin A. (Springer Nature, 2022-03-18)
      The development of accurate protein force fields has been the cornerstone of molecular simulations for the past 50 years. During this period, many lessons have been learned regarding the use of experimental target data and ...
    • SARS-CoV-2 Survival in Common Non-Alcoholic and Alcoholic Beverages 

      Jia, Mo; Joyce, Jonathan D.; Bertke, Andrea S. (MDPI, 2022-03-10)
      SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of COVID-19, is known to be transmitted by respiratory droplets and aerosols. Since the virus is shed at high concentrations in respiratory secretions and saliva, SARS-CoV-2 would also be ...
    • Infection strategy and biogeography distinguish cosmopolitan groups of marine jumbo bacteriophages 

      Weinheimer, Alaina R.; Aylward, Frank O. (Springer Nature, 2022-03-08)
      Recent research has underscored the immense diversity and key biogeochemical roles of large DNA viruses in the ocean. Although they are important constituents of marine ecosystems, it is sometimes difficult to detect these ...
    • Can Smart Stormwater Systems Outsmart the Weather? Stormwater Capture with Real-Time Control in Southern California 

      Parker, Emily A.; Grant, Stanley B.; Sahin, Abdullah; Vrugt, Jasper A.; Brand, Matthew W. (2022-01-14)
      Stormwater capture systems have the potential to address many urban stormwater management challenges, particularly in water-scarce regions like Southern California. Here, we investigate the potential best-case limits of ...
    • SARS-CoV-2 Remains Infectious on Refrigerated Deli Food, Meats, and Fresh Produce for up to 21 Days 

      Jia, Mo; Taylor, Tina M.; Senger, Sterling M.; Ovissipour, Mahmoudreza; Bertke, Andrea S. (MDPI, 2022-01-21)
      SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, has been detected on foods and food packaging and the virus can infect oral cavity and intestinal cells, suggesting that infection could potentially occur following ingestion of ...
    • Rapid prediction of peak storm surge from tropical cyclone track time series using machine learning 

      Lee, Jun-Whan; Irish, Jennifer L.; Bensi, Michelle T.; Marcy, Douglas C. (Elsevier, 2021-12-01)
      Rapid and accurate prediction of peak storm surges across an extensive coastal region is necessary to inform assessments used to design the systems that protect coastal communities’ life and property. Significant advances ...
    • Species-Specificity in Thermopreference and CO2-Gated Heat-Seeking in Culex Mosquitoes 

      Reinhold, Joanna M.; Chandrasegaran, Karthikeyan; Oker, Helen; Crespo, José E.; Vinauger, Clément; Lahondère, Chloé (MDPI, 2022-01-14)
      Combining thermopreference (Tp) and CO2-gated heat-seeking assays, we studied the thermal preferendum and response to thermal cues in three Culex mosquito species exhibiting ...
    • Recent Progress in Lyme Disease and Remaining Challenges 

      Bobe, Jason R.; Jutras, Brandon L.; Horn, Elizabeth J.; Embers, Monica E.; Bailey, Allison; Moritz, Robert L.; Zhang, Ying; Soloski, Mark J.; Ostfeld, Richard S.; Marconi, Richard T.; Aucott, John; Ma'ayan, Avi; Keesing, Felicia; Lewis, Kim; Ben Mamoun, Choukri; Rebman, Alison W.; McClune, Mecaila E.; Breitschwerdt, Edward B.; Reddy, Panga Jaipal; Maggi, Ricardo; Yang, Frank; Nemser, Bennett; Ozcan, Aydogan; Garner, Omai; Di Carlo, Dino; Ballard, Zachary; Joung, Hyou-Arm; Garcia-Romeu, Albert; Griffiths, Roland R.; Baumgarth, Nicole; Fallon, Brian A. (Frontiers, 2021-08-18)
      Lyme disease (also known as Lyme borreliosis) is the most common vector-borne disease in the United States with an estimated 476,000 cases per year. While historically, the long-term impact of Lyme disease on patients has ...
    • Prevalence of Microplastics in the Eastern Oyster Crassostrea virginica in the Chesapeake Bay: The Impact of Different Digestion Methods on Microplastic Properties 

      Aung, Thet; Batish, Inayat; Ovissipour, Reza (MDPI, 2022-01-10)
      This study aimed to determine the microplastic prevalence in eastern oysters (C. virginica) in three sites in the Chesapeake Bay in Virginia and optimize the digestion methods. The digestion results illustrate that ...
    • A database of global coastal conditions 

      Castaneda-Guzman, Mariana; Mantilla-Saltos, Gabriel; Murray, Kris A.; Settlage, Robert; Escobar, Luis E. (2021-11-26)
      Remote sensing satellite imagery has the potential to monitor and understand dynamic environmental phenomena by retrieving information about Earth's surface. Marine ecosystems, however, have been studied with less intensity ...
    • Changing impacts of Alaska-Aleutian subduction zone tsunamis in California under future sea-level rise 

      Dura, Tina; Garner, Andra J.; Weiss, Robert; Kopp, Robert E.; Engelhart, Simon E.; Witter, Robert C.; Briggs, Richard W.; Mueller, Charles S.; Nelson, Alan R.; Horton, Benjamin P. (Springer Nature, 2021-12-08)
      The amplification of coastal hazards such as distant-source tsunamis under future relative sea-level rise (RSLR) is poorly constrained. In southern California, the Alaska-Aleutian subduction zone has been identified as an ...
    • Isolation of a novel insect-specific flavivirus with immunomodulatory effects in vertebrate systems 

      Auguste, Albert J.; Langsjoen, Rose M.; Porier, Danielle L.; Erasmus, Jesse H.; Bergren, Nicholas A.; Bolling, Bethany G.; Luo, Huanle; Singh, Ankita; Guzman, Hilda; Popov, Vsevolod L.; da Rosa, Amelia P. A. Travassos; Wang, Tian; Kang, Lin; Allen, Irving C.; Carrington, Christine V. F.; Tesh, Robert B.; Weaver, Scott C. (2021-10)
      We describe the isolation and characterization of a novel insect-specific flavivirus (ISFV), tentatively named Aripo virus (ARPV), that was isolated from Psorophora albipes mosquitoes collected in Trinidad. The ARPV genome ...
    • The unusual cell wall of the Lyme disease spirochaete Borrelia burgdorferi is shaped by a tick sugar 

      DeHart, Tanner G.; Kushelman, Mara R.; Hildreth, Sherry B.; Helm, Richard F.; Jutras, Brandon L. (Springer Nature, 2021-11-24)
      Peptidoglycan—a mesh sac of glycans that are linked by peptides—is the main component of bacterial cell walls. Peptidoglycan provides structural strength, protects cells from osmotic pressure and contributes to shape. All ...
    • Modeling the effects of Aedes aegypti’s larval environment on adult body mass at emergence 

      Walker, Melody; Chandrasegaran, Karthikeyan; Vinauger, Clément; Robert, Michael A.; Childs, Lauren M. (PLoS, 2021-11-22)
      Mosquitoes vector harmful pathogens that infect millions of people every year, and developing approaches to effectively control mosquitoes is a topic of great interest. However, the success of many control measures is ...
    • Role of DNA methylation on the association between physical activity and cardiovascular diseases: results from the longitudinal multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA) cohort 

      Shi, Hangchuan; Ossip, Deborah J.; Mayo, Nicole L.; Lopez, Daniel A.; Block, Robert C.; Post, Wendy S.; Bertoni, Alain G.; Ding, Jingzhong; Chen, Si; Yan, Chen; Xie, Zidian; Hoeschele, Ina; Liu, Yongmei; Li, Dongmei (2021-11-03)
      Background The complexity of physical activity (PA) and DNA methylation interaction in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is rarely simultaneously investigated in one study. We examined the ...
    • Anticipating and adapting to the future impacts of climate change on the health, security and welfare of low elevation coastal zone (LECZ) communities in Southeastern USA 

      Allen, Thomas; Behr, Joshua; Bukvic, Anamaria; Calder, Ryan S. D.; Caruson, Kiki; Connor, Charles; D'Elia, Christopher; Dismukes, David; Ersing, Robin; Franklin, Rima; Goldstein, Jesse; Goodall, Jonathon; Hemmerling, Scott; Irish, Jennifer L.; Lazarus, Steven; Loftis, Derek; Luther, Mark; McCallister, Leigh; McGlathery, Karen; Mitchell, Molly; Moore, William B.; Nichols, C. Reid; Nunez, Karinna; Reidenbach, Matthew; Shortridge, Julie; Weisberg, Robert; Weiss, Robert; Donelson Wright, Lynn; Xia, Meng; Xu, Kehui; Young, Donald; Zarillo, Gary; Zinnert, Julie C. (MDPI, 2021-10-29)
      Low elevation coastal zones (LECZ) are extensive throughout the southeastern United States. LECZ communities are threatened by inundation from sea level rise, storm surge, wetland degradation, land subsidence, and hydrological ...
    • High-resolution computational modeling of immune responses in the gut 

      Verma, Meghna; Bassaganya-Riera, Josep; Leber, Andrew; Tubau-Juni, Nuria; Hoops, Stefan; Abedi, Vida; Chen, Xi; Hontecillas, Raquel (Oxford University Press, 2019-06-01)
      Background: Helicobacter pylori causes gastric cancer in 1-2% of cases but is also beneficial for protection against allergies and gastroesophageal diseases. An estimated 85% of H. pylori-colonized individuals experience ...