Statewide Watershed Protection and Local Implementation: A Comparison of Washington, Minnesota, and Oregon
Holst, David J.
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Abstract In 1991 EPA embraced the watershed protection approach for environmental management. EPA defines watershed protection as â a strategy for effectively protecting and restoring aquatic ecosystems and protecting human health.â To encourage statewide watershed protection, EPA developed the â Statewide Watershed Protection Approachâ document, which is designed to aid states in developing their own watershed protection program. The watershed protection approach is not a program or policy required by EPA, rather a flexible framework that outlines the essential elements and components of a comprehensive statewide watershed protection approach. It allows for varying conditions in a state, but attempts to ensure a consistent general approach. This paper describes the elements and components of EPAâ s comprehensive statewide watershed protection framework. It then analyzes Washington, Minnesota, and Oregonâ s statewide watershed protection programs, and examines how these state approaches reflect EPAâ s framework. In addition, the paper analyzes a case study in each of these states to explore how these statewide watershed management approaches are implemented at the local level. By analyzing states that have successfully implemented a statewide watershed protection approach, this paper aims to identify the critical elements in a statewide watershed protection approach, and identify the issues that are critical to successful local implementation.
- Masters Theses