Gratings Superposed Spatially By Writing in Laterally Separated Regions
Gradishar, T. L.
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A new type of gratings superposed spatially in laterally separated areas of the guide is introduced and analyzed using coupled-mode theory. The guided mode overlaps the constituent gratings and sees the superposition of them. Also, special characteristics that the structure might synthesize are considered, including one example where a phase-only sampled split grating provides zero response for out-of-band channels. A conventional grating requires both phase- and amplitude- sampling for zero out-of-band channels. The split grating, however, requires alignment of the constituent gratings in addition to requirements on the accuracy of the amplitude and pitch structures. (C) 2005 Optical Society of America.