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Minimum Detectable Phase-Shift in Spectrum-Analysis Techniques Of Optical Interferometric Vibration Detection
Sudarshanam, V. S.
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The minimum detectable phase shift indicated in recent experimental reports of new linear spectrum-analysis techniques of optical interferometric vibration detection is established as the direct consequence of the 1/f noise voltage in the system components. The dynamic range and in accuracy predicted by the simple theoretical model presented is in good agreement with experimental measurements. The conclusions of the analysis are compared with experimental reports of heterodyne shot-noise-limited optical systems. With this effective tool the generic class of spectrum-analysis techniques can be analyzed and relatively weighed to assess the effect of noise. This analysis is applicable to optical interferometry in general, although the experiments specifically involved fiber-optic modulators.