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Origin of high piezoelectric response in A-site disordered morphotropic phase boundary composition of lead-free piezoelectric 0.93(Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3-0.07BaTiO(3)
Reynolds, William T. Jr.
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Perovskite piezoelectric compositions near the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) are known to exhibit high piezoelectric response. In lead-based ABO(3) compound with B-site disorder, the origin of this enhancement has been associated with the presence of an intermediate monoclinic/orthorhombic state that bridges the adjacent ferroelectric rhombohedral and tetragonal phases. However, the origin of high piezoelectric response in lead-free ABO(3) compounds with A-site disorder has not been conclusively established. We describe a microscopic model derived from comparative analyses of high resolution transmission electron microscopy and neutron diffraction that explains the origin of high piezoelectric response in lead-free MPB compositions of 0.93(Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3-0.07BaTiO3. Direct observation of nanotwins with monoclinic symmetry confirmed the presence of an intermediate bridging phase that facilitates a pathway for polarization reorientation. Monoclinic distortions of an average rhombohedral phase are attributed to localized displacements of atoms along the non-polar directions. (C) 2013 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4792729]