Recent Submissions

  • Biochar Surface Oxygenation by Ozonization for Super High Cation Exchange Capacity 

    Kharel, Gyanendra; Sacko, Oumar; Feng, Xu; Morris, John R.; Phillips, Claire L.; Trippe, Kristin; Kumar, Sandeep; Lee, James W. (2019-10-07)
    Biochar cation exchange capacity (CEC) is a key property central to better retention of soil nutrients and reduction of fertilizer runoff. This paper reports a breakthrough process to improve biochar CEC value by a factor ...
  • Sedimentology and chemostratigraphy of the terminal Ediacaran Dengying Formation at the Gaojiashan section, South China 

    Cui, Huan; Xiao, Shuhai; Cai, Yaoping; Peek, Sara; Plummer, Rebecca E.; Kaufman, Alan J. (2019-11)
    The terminal Ediacaran Dengying Formation (c. 551.1-538.8 Ma) in South China is one of two successions where Ediacara-type macrofossils are preserved in carbonate facies along with skeletal fossils and bilaterian animal ...
  • Spatial and temporal variation in river corridor exchange across a 5th-order mountain stream network 

    Ward, Adam S.; Wondzell, Steven M.; Schmadel, Noah M.; Herzog, Skuyler; Zarnetske, Jay P.; Baranov, Viktor; Blaen, Phillip J.; Brekenfeld, Nicolai; Chu, Rosalie; Derelle, Romain; Drummond, Jennifer; Fleckenstein, Jan H.; Garayburu-Caruso, Vanessa; Graham, Emily; Hannah, David; Harman, Ciaran J.; Hixson, Jase; Knapp, Julia L. A.; Krause, Stefan; Kurz, Marie J.; Lewandowski, Joerg; Li, Angang; Marti, Eugenia; Miller, Melinda; Milner, Alexander M.; Neil, Kerry; Orsini, Luisa; Packman, Aaron I.; Plont, Stephen; Renteria, Lupita; Roche, Kevin; Royer, Todd; Segura, Catalina; Stegen, James; Toyoda, Jason; Wells, Jacqueline; Wisnoski, Nathan I. (2019-12-20)
    Although most field and modeling studies of river corridor exchange have been conducted at scales ranging from tens to hundreds of meters, results of these studies are used to predict their ecological and hydrological ...
  • Soil Bacterial and Fungal Communities Exhibit Distinct Long-Term Responses to Disturbance in Temperate Forests 

    Osburn, Ernest D.; McBride, Steven G.; Aylward, Frank O.; Badgley, Brian D.; Strahm, Brian D.; Knoepp, Jennifer D.; Barrett, J. E. (2019-12-11)
    In Appalachian ecosystems, forest disturbance has long-term effects on microbially driven biogeochemical processes such as nitrogen (N) cycling. However, little is known regarding long-term responses of forest soil microbial ...
  • Biosynthesis and Emission of Stress-Induced Volatile Terpenes in Roots and Leaves of Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) 

    Muchlinski, Andrew; Chen, Xinlu; Lovell, John T.; Koellner, Tobias G.; Pelot, Kyle A.; Zerbe, Philipp; Ruggiero, Meredith; Callaway, LeMar, III; Laliberte, Suzanne; Chen, Feng; Tholl, Dorothea (2019-09-19)
    Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), a perennial C4 grass, represents an important species in natural and anthropogenic grasslands of North America. Its resilience to abiotic and biotic stress has made switchgrass a preferred ...
  • Attenuating Cholinergic Transmission Increases the Number of Satellite Cells and Preserves Muscle Mass in Old Age 

    Vaughan, Sydney K.; Sutherland, Natalia M.; Valdez, Gregorio (2019-09-24)
    In addition to driving contraction of skeletal muscles, acetylcholine (ACh) acts as an anti-synaptogenic agent at neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). Previous studies suggest that aging is accompanied by increases in cholinergic ...
  • Access to Autism Spectrum Disorder Services for Rural Appalachian Citizens 

    Scarpa, Angela; Jensen, Laura S.; Gracanin, Denis; Ramey, Sharon L.; Dahiya, Angela V.; Ingram, L. Maria; Albright, Jordan; Gatto, Alyssa J.; Scott, Jen Pollard; Ruble, Lisa (2020-01)
    Background: Low-resource rural communities face significant challenges regarding availability and adequacy of evidence-based services. Purposes: With respect to accessing evidence-based services for Autism Spectrum ...
  • Shift Workers Have Higher Blood Pressure Medicine Use, But Only When They Are Short Sleepers: A Longitudinal UK Biobank Study 

    Riegel, Barbara; Daus, Marguerite; Lozano, Alicia J.; Malone, Susan K.; Patterson, Freda; Hanlon, Alexandra L. (2019-10-15)
    Background-Some, but not all, studies report associations between shift work and hypertension, suggesting that particular subgroups may be at risk. We examined moderating effects of sleep duration and circadian preference ...
  • Co-located contemporaneous mapping of morphological, hydrological, chemical, and biological conditions in a 5th-order mountain stream network, Oregon, USA 

    Ward, Adam S.; Zarnetske, Jay P.; Baranov, Viktor; Blaen, Phillip J.; Brekenfeld, Nicolai; Chu, Rosalie; Derelle, Romain; Drummond, Jennifer; Fleckenstein, Jan H.; Garayburu-Caruso, Vanessa; Graham, Emily; Hannah, David; Harman, Ciaran J.; Herzog, Skuyler; Hixson, Jase; Knapp, Julia L. A.; Krause, Stefan; Kurz, Marie J.; Lewandowski, Joerg; Li, Angang; Marti, Eugenia; Miller, Melinda; Milner, Alexander M.; Neil, Kerry; Orsini, Luisa; Packman, Aaron I.; Plont, Stephen; Renteria, Lupita; Roche, Kevin; Royer, Todd; Schmadel, Noah M.; Segura, Catalina; Stegen, James; Toyoda, Jason; Wells, Jacqueline; Wisnoski, Nathan I.; Wondzell, Steven M. (2019-10-22)
    A comprehensive set of measurements and calculated metrics describing physical, chemical, and biological conditions in the river corridor is presented. These data were collected in a catchment-wide, synoptic campaign in ...
  • Case study on the use of intensive pediatric neurorehabilitation in the treatment of kernicterus 

    Mann, Jessie; Wallace, Dory A.; DeLuca, Stephanie (2020-02-03)
    Background Kernicterus Spectrum Disorder (KSD) is the result of prolonged bilirubin toxicity resulting in widespread neurological injury. Once the bilirubin levels are normalized the encephalopathy becomes static, however ...
  • Reconstructing the archosaur radiation using a Middle Triassic archosauriform tooth assemblage from Tanzania 

    Hoffman, Devin K.; Edwards, Hunter R.; Barrett, Paul M.; Nesbitt, Sterling J. (2019-11-05)
    Following the Permo-Triassic mass extinction, Archosauriformes-the clade that includes crocodylians, birds, and their extinct relatives outside crown Archosauria-rapidly diversified into many distinct lineages, became ...
  • Dark energy and string theory 

    Berglund, Per; Hubsch, Tristan; Minic, Djordje (2019-11-10)
    A radiatively stable de Sitter spacetime is constructed by considering an intrinsically non-commutative and generalized-geometric formulation of string theory, which is related to a family of F-theory models endowed with ...
  • Multimodal Imaging of Nonenhancing Glioblastoma Regions 

    John, Flora; Robinette, Natasha L.; Amit-Yousif, Alit J.; Bosnyak, Edit; Barger, Geoffrey R.; Shah, Keval D.; Mittal, Sandeep; Juhasz, Csaba (2019-11-13)
    Background: Clinical glioblastoma treatment mostly focuses on the contrast-enhancing tumor mass. Amino acid positron emission tomography (PET) can detect additional, nonenhancing glioblastoma-infiltrated brain regions that ...
  • Water-borne and plasma corticosterone are not correlated in spotted salamanders 

    Millikin, Alice R.; Woodley, Sarah K.; Davis, Drew R.; Moore, Ignacio T.; Anderson, James T. (2019-11)
    Water-borne hormone measurement is a noninvasive method suitable for amphibians of all sizes that are otherwise difficult to sample. For this method, containment-water is assayed for hormones released by the animal. ...
  • Strongly Bent Double-Stranded DNA: Reconciling Theory and Experiment 

    Drozdetski, Aleksander V.; Mukhopadhyay, Abhishek; Onufriev, Alexey V. (2019-11-29)
    The strong bending of polymers is poorly understood. We propose a general quantitative framework of polymer bending that includes both the weak and strong bending regimes on the same footing, based on a single general ...
  • Longitudinal link between trait motivation and risk-taking behaviors via neural risk processing 

    Li, Mengjiao; Lauharatanahirun, Nina; Steinberg, Laurence; King-Casas, Brooks; Kim-Spoon, Jungmeen; Deater-Deckard, Kirby (2019-12)
    Prior research has emphasized the importance of the motivational system in risky decision-making, yet the mechanisms through which individual differences in motivation may influence adolescents' risk-taking behaviors remain ...
  • Neural Representation of Parental Monitoring and Links to Adolescent Risk Taking 

    Lee, Tae-Ho; Qu, Yang; Telzer, Eva H. (2019-12-03)
    Decades of developmental research have demonstrated the positive role of parental monitoring during adolescence, a time during which youth seek exploration and show heightened risk taking. The present study employed a novel ...
  • Porosity production in saprolite: Where volumetric strain dominates over chemical mass loss 

    Hayes, Jorden L.; Riebe, Clifford S.; Holbrook, W. Steven; Flinchum, Brady A.; Hartsough, Peter C. (AAAS, 2019)
    Weathering in the critical zone causes volumetric strain and mass loss, thereby creating subsurface porosity that is vital to overlying ecosystems. We used geochemical and geophysical measurements to quantify the relative ...
  • Fabrication and characterization of PLGA nanoparticles encapsulating large CRISPR–Cas9 plasmid 

    Jo, Ami; Ringel-Scaia, Veronica M.; McDaniel, Dylan K.; Thomas, Cassidy A.; Zhang, Rui; Riffle, Judy S.; Allen, Irving C.; Davis, Richey M. (2020-01-20)
    Abstract Background The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and Cas9 protein system is a revolutionary tool for gene therapy. Despite promising reports of the utility of CRISPR–Cas9 for in ...

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