Now showing items 1-20 of 1876

    • Analysis of global gene expression changes in human bronchial epithelial cells exposed to spores of the allergenic fungus, Alternaria alternata 

      Babiceanu, M. C.; Howard, B. A.; Rumore, A. C.; Kita, H.; Lawrence, C. B. (Frontiers, 2013-07-19)
      Exposure and sensitivity to ubiquitous airborne fungi such as Alternaria alternata have long been implicated in the development, onset, and exacerbation of chronic allergic airway disorders. This present study is the first ...
    • Biotic interactions are an unexpected yet critical control on the complexity of an abiotically driven polar ecosystem 

      Lee, Charles K.; Laughlin, Daniel C.; Bottos, Eric M.; Caruso, Tancredi; Joy, Kurt; Barrett, John E.; Brabyn, Lars; Nielsen, Uffe N.; Adams, Byron J.; Wall, Diana H.; Hopkins, David W.; Pointing, Stephen B.; McDonald, Ian R.; Cowan, Don A.; Banks, Jonathan C.; Stichbury, Glen A.; Jones, Irfon; Zawar-Reza, Peyman; Katurji, Marwan; Hogg, Ian D.; Sparrow, Ashley D.; Storey, Bryan C.; Green, T.G. Allan; Cary, S. Craig (Springer Nature, 2019-02-15)
      Abiotic and biotic factors control ecosystem biodiversity, but their relative contributions remain unclear. The ultraoligotrophic ecosystem of the Antarctic Dry Valleys, a simple yet highly heterogeneous ecosystem, is a ...
    • Nematodes in a polar desert reveal the relative role of biotic interactions in the coexistence of soil animals 

      Caruso, Tancredi; Hogg, Ian D.; Nielsen, Uffe N.; Bottos, Eric M.; Lee, Charles K.; Hopkins, David W.; Cary, S. Craig; Barrett, John E.; Green, T.G. Allan; Storey, Bryan C.; Wall, Diana H.; Adams, Byron J. (Springer Nature, 2019-02-15)
      Abiotic factors are major determinants of soil animal distributions and their dominant role is pronounced in extreme ecosystems, with biotic interactions seemingly playing a minor role. We modelled co-occurrence and ...
    • Using "Omics" and Integrated Multi-Omics Approaches to Guide Probiotic Selection to Mitigate Chytridiomycosis and Other Emerging Infectious Diseases 

      Rebollar, Eria A.; Antwis, Rachael E.; Becker, Matthew H.; Belden, Lisa K.; Bletz, Molly C.; Brucker, Robert M.; Harrison, Xavier A.; Hughey, Myra C.; Kueneman, Jordan G.; Loudon, Andrew H.; McKenzie, Valerie; Medina, Daniel; Minbiole, Kevin P. C.; Rollins-Smith, Louise A.; Walke, Jenifer B.; Weiss, Sophie; Woodhams, Douglas C.; Harris, Ried N. (Frontiers, 2016-02-02)
      Emerging infectious diseases in wildlife are responsible for massive population declines. In amphibians, chytridiomycosis caused by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, Bd, has severely affected many amphibian populations and ...
    • Panamanian frog species host unique skin bacterial communities 

      Belden, Lisa K.; Hughey, Myra C.; Rebollar, Eria A.; Umile, Thomas P.; Loftus, Stephen C.; Burzynski, Elizabeth A.; Minbiole, Kevin P. C.; House, Leanna L.; Jensen, Roderick V.; Becker, Matthew H.; Walke, Jenifer B.; Medina, Daniel; Ibanez, Roberto; Harris, Reid N. (Frontiers, 2015-10-27)
      Vertebrates, including amphibians, host diverse symbiotic microbes that contribute to host disease resistance. Globally, and especially in montane tropical systems, many amphibian species are threatened by a chytrid fungus, ...
    • Microbes as Engines of Ecosystem Function: When Does Community Structure Enhance Predictions of Ecosystem Processes? 

      Graham, Emily B.; Knelman, Joseph E.; Schindlbacher, Andreas; Siciliano, Steven; Breulmann, Marc; Yannarell, Anthony; Bemans, J. M.; Abell, Guy; Philippot, Laurent; Prosser, James; Foulquier, Arnaud; Yuste, Jorge C.; Glanville, Helen C.; Jones, Davey L.; Angel, Foey; Salminen, Janne; Newton, Ryan J.; Buergmann, Helmut; Ingram, Lachlan J.; Hamer, Ute; Siljanen, Henri M. P.; Peltoniemi, Krista; Potthast, Karin; Baneras, Lluis; Hartmann, Martin; Banerjee, Samiran; Yu, Ri-Qing; Nogaro, Geraldine; Richter, Andreas; Koranda, Marianne; Castle, Sarah C.; Goberna, Marta; Song, Bongkeun; Chatterjee, Amitava; Nunes, Olga C.; Lopes, Ana R.; Cao, Yiping; Kaisermann, Aurore; Hallin, Sara; Strickland, Michael S.; Garcia-Pausas, Jordi; Barba, Josep; Kang, Hojeong; Isobe, Kazuo; Papaspyrou, Sokratis; Pastorelli, Roberta; Lagomarsino, Alessandra; Lindstrom, Eva S.; Basiliko, Nathan; Nemergut, Diana R. (Frontiers, 2016-02-24)
      Microorganisms are vital in mediating the earth's biogeochemical cycles; yet, despite our rapidly increasing ability to explore complex environmental microbial communities, the relationship between microbial community ...
    • Microbial Community Responses to Increased Water and Organic Matter in the Arid Soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica 

      Buelow, Heather N.; Winter, Ara S.; Van Horn, David J.; Barrett, John E.; Gooseff, Michael N.; Schwartz, Egbert; Takacs-Vesbach, Cristina D. (Frontiers, 2016-07-18)
      The soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica are an extreme polar desert, inhabited exclusively by microscopic taxa. This region is on the threshold of anticipated climate change, with glacial melt, permafrost thaw, ...
    • Culture Media and Individual Hosts Affect the Recovery of Culturable Bacterial Diversity from Amphibian Skin 

      Medina, Daniel; Walke, Jenifer B.; Gajewski, Zachary; Becker, Matthew H.; Swartwout, Meredith C.; Belden, Lisa K. (Frontiers, 2017-08-24)
      One current challenge in microbial ecology is elucidating the functional roles of the large diversity of free-living and host-associated bacteria identified by culture-independent molecular methods. Importantly, the ...
    • The Skin Microbiome of the Neotropical Frog Craugastor fitzingeri: Inferring Potential Bacterial-Host-Pathogen Interactions From Metagenomic Data 

      Rebollar, Eria A.; Gutierrez-Preciado, Ana; Noecker, Cecilia; Eng, Alexander; Hughey, Myra C.; Medina, Daniel; Walke, Jenifer B.; Borenstein, Elhanan; Jensen, Roderick V.; Belden, Lisa K.; Harris, Reid N. (Frontiers, 2018-03-20)
      Skin symbiotic bacteria on amphibians can play a role in protecting their host against pathogens. Chytridiomycosis, the disease caused by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, Bd, has caused dramatic population declines and ...
    • Challenges of NTM Drug Development 

      Falkinham, Joseph O., III (Frontiers, 2018-07-18)
      Discovery and development of antibiotics active against the environmental opportunistic non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) have been retarded by innate antibiotic-resistance of NTM cells and methodological challenges in ...
    • Editorial: Integrative Computational Systems Biology Approaches in Immunology and Medicine 

      Kaderali, Lars; Theis, Fabian; Ganusov, Vitaly V.; Ciupe, Stanca M.; Mehr, Ramit; Ribeiro, Ruy M.; Hernandez-Vargas, Esteban A. (Frontiers, 2019-01-23)
    • Geometric constraints in dual F-theory and heterotic string compactifications 

      Anderson, Lara B.; Taylor, Washington (Springer, 2014-08-05)
      We systematically analyze a broad class of dual heterotic and F-theory models that give four-dimensional supergravity theories, and compare the geometric constraints on the two sides of the duality. Specifically, we give ...
    • T-branes and geometry 

      Anderson, Lara B.; Heckman, Jonathan J.; Katz, Sheldon (Springer, 2014-05-19)
      T-branes are a non-abelian generalization of intersecting branes in which the matrix of normal deformations is nilpotent along some subspace. In this paper we study the geometric remnant of this open string data for ...
    • Notes on nonabelian (0,2) theories and dualities 

      Jia, Bei; Sharpe, Eric; Wu, Ruoxu (Springer, 2014-08-05)
      In this paper we explore basic aspects of nonabelian (0,2) GLSMs in two dimensions for unitary gauge groups, an arena that until recently has largely been unexplored. We begin by discussing general aspects of (0,2) theories, ...
    • Algebroids, heterotic moduli spaces and the Strominger system 

      Anderson, Lara B.; Gray, James; Sharpe, Eric (Springer, 2014-07-08)
      In this paper we study compactifications of heterotic string theory on manifolds satisfying the partial derivative(partial derivative) over bar -lemma. We consider the Strominger system description of the low energy ...
    • Quantifying the sensitivity of oscillation experiments to the neutrino mass ordering 

      Blennow, Mattias; Coloma, Pilar; Huber, Patrick; Schwetz, Thomas (Springer, 2014-03-05)
      Determining the type of the neutrino mass ordering ( normal versus inverted) is one of the most important open questions in neutrino physics. In this paper we clarify the statistical interpretation of sensitivity calculations ...
    • Topological invariants and fibration structure of complete intersection Calabi-Yau four-folds 

      Gray, James; Haupt, Alexander S.; Lukas, Andre (Springer, 2014-09-17)
      We investigate the mathematical properties of the class of Calabi-Yau four-folds recently found in ref. [1]. This class consists of 921,497 configuration matrices which correspond to manifolds that are described as complete ...
    • Ortho-positronium observation in the Double Chooz experiment 

      Abe, Y.; dos Anjos, J. C.; Barriere, J. C.; Baussan, E.; Bekman, I.; Bergevin, M.; Bezerra, T. J. C.; Bezrukov, L.; Blucher, E.; Buck, C.; Busenitz, J.; Cabrera, A.; Caden, E.; Camilleri, L.; Carr, R.; Cerrada, M.; Chang, P. -J.; Chauveau, E.; Chimenti, P.; Collin, A. P.; Conover, E.; Conrad, J. M.; Crespo-Anadon, J. I.; Crum, K.; Cucoanes, A. S.; Damon, E.; Dawson, J. V.; Dhooghe, J.; Dietrich, D.; Djurcic, Z.; Dracos, M.; Elnimr, M.; Etenko, A.; Fallot, M.; von Feilitzsch, F.; Felde, J.; Fernandes, S. M.; Fischer, V.; Franco, D.; Franke, M.; Furuta, H.; Gil-Botella, I.; Giot, L.; Goger-Neff, M.; Gonzalez, L. F. G.; Goodenough, L.; Goodman, M. C.; Grant, C.; Haag, N.; Hara, T.; Haser, J.; Hofmann, M.; Horton-Smith, G. A.; Hourlier, A.; Ishitsuka, M.; Jochum, J.; Joliet, C.; Kaether, F.; Kalousis, L. N.; Kamyshkov, Y.; Kaplan, D. M.; Kawasaki, T.; Kemp, E.; de Kerret, H.; Kryn, D.; Kuze, M.; Lachenmaier, T.; Lane, C. E.; Lasserre, T.; Letourneau, A.; Lhuillier, D.; Lima, H. P., Jr.; Lindner, M.; Lopez-Castano, J. M.; LoSecco, J. M.; Lubsandorzhiev, B.; Lucht, S.; Maeda, J.; Mariani, C.; Maricic, J.; Martino, J.; Matsubara, T.; Mention, G.; Meregaglia, A.; Miletic, T.; Milincic, R.; Minotti, A.; Nagasaka, Y.; Nikitenko, Y.; Novella, P.; Oberauer, L.; Obolensky, M.; Onillon, A.; Osborn, A.; Palomares, C.; Pepe, I. M.; Perasso, S.; Pfahler, P.; Porta, A.; Pronost, G.; Reichenbacher, J.; Reinhold, B.; Roehling, M.; Roncin, R.; Roth, S.; Rybolt, B.; Sakamoto, Y.; Santorelli, R.; Schilithz, A. C.; Schoenert, S.; Schoppmann, S.; Shaevitz, M. H.; Sharankova, R.; Shimojima, S.; Shrestha, D.; Sibille, V.; Sinev, V.; Skorokhvatov, M.; Smith, E.; Spitz, J.; Stahl, A.; Stancu, I.; Stokes, L. F. F.; Strait, M.; Stueken, A.; Suekane, F.; Sukhotin, S.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Sun, Y.; Svoboda, R.; Terao, K.; Tonazzo, A.; Thi, H. H. Trinh; Valdiviesso, G.; Vassilopoulos, N.; Veyssiere, C.; Vivier, M.; Wagner, S.; Walsh, N.; Watanabe, H.; Wiebusch, C.; Winslow, L.; Wurm, M.; Yang, G.; Yermia, F.; Zimmer, V. (Springer, 2014-10-06)
      The Double Chooz experiment measures the neutrino mixing angle theta(13) by detecting reactor (nu) over bar (e) via inverse beta decay. The positron-neutron space and time coincidence allows for a sizable background ...
    • Context Modulation of Facial Emotion Perception Differed by Individual Difference 

      Lee, Tae-Ho; Choi, June-Seek; Cho, Yang Seok (PLOS, 2012-03-14)
      Background: Certain facial configurations are believed to be associated with distinct affective meanings (i.e. basic facial expressions), and such associations are common across cultures (i.e. universality of facial ...
    • Improved measurements of the neutrino mixing angle theta(13) with the Double Chooz detector 

      Abe, Y.; dos Anjos, J. C.; Barriere, J. C.; Baussan, E.; Bekman, I.; Bergevin, M.; Bezerra, T. J. C.; Bezrukov, L.; Blucher, E.; Buck, C.; Busenitz, J.; Cabrera, A.; Caden, E.; Camilleri, L.; Carr, R.; Cerrada, M.; Chang, P. -J.; Chauveau, E.; Chimenti, P.; Collin, A. P.; Conover, E.; Conrad, J. M.; Crespo-Anadon, J. I.; Crum, K.; Cucoanes, A. S.; Damon, E.; Dawson, J. V.; Dhooghe, J.; Dietrich, D.; Djurcic, Z.; Dracos, M.; Elnimr, M.; Etenko, A.; Fallot, M.; von Feilitzsch, F.; Felde, J.; Fernandes, S. M.; Fischer, V.; Franco, D.; Franke, M.; Furuta, H.; Gil-Botella, I.; Giot, L.; Goeger-Neff, M.; Gonzalez, L. F. G.; Goodenough, L.; Goodman, M. C.; Grant, C.; Haag, N.; Hara, T.; Haser, J.; Hofmann, M.; Horton-Smith, G. A.; Hourlier, A.; Ishitsuka, M.; Jochum, J.; Jollet, C.; Kaether, F.; Kalousis, L. N.; Kamyshkov, Y.; Kaplan, D. M.; Kawasaki, T.; Kemp, E.; de Kerret, H.; Kryn, D.; Kuze, M.; Lachenmaier, T.; Lane, C. E.; Lasserre, T.; Letourneau, A.; Lhuillier, D.; Lima, H. P., Jr.; Lindner, M.; Lopez-Castano, J. M.; LoSecco, J. M.; Lubsandorzhiev, B.; Lucht, S.; Maeda, J.; Mariani, C.; Maricic, J.; Martino, J.; Matsubara, T.; Mention, G.; Meregaglia, A.; Miletic, T.; Milincic, R.; Minotti, A.; Nagasaka, Y.; Nikitenko, Y.; Novella, P.; Oberauer, L.; Obolensky, M.; Onillon, A.; Osborn, A.; Palomares, C.; Pepe, I. M.; Perasso, S.; Pfahler, P.; Porta, A.; Pronost, G.; Reichenbacher, J.; Reinhold, B.; Roehling, M.; Roncin, R.; Roth, S.; Rybolt, B.; Sakamoto, Y.; Santorelli, R.; Schilithz, A. C.; Schoenert, S.; Schoppmann, S.; Shaevitz, M. H.; Sharankova, R.; Shimojima, S.; Shrestha, D.; Sibille, V.; Sinev, V.; Skorokhvatov, M.; Smith, E.; Spitz, J.; Stahl, A.; Stancu, I.; Stokes, L. F. F.; Strait, M.; Stueken, A.; Suekane, F.; Sukhotin, S.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Sun, Y.; Svoboda, R.; Terao, K.; Tonazzo, A.; Trinh Thi, H. H.; Valdiviesso, G.; Vassilopoulos, N.; Veyssiere, C.; Vivier, M.; Wagner, S.; Walsh, N.; Watanabe, H.; Wiebusch, C.; Winslow, L.; Wurm, M.; Yang, G.; Yermia, F.; Zimmer, V. (Springer, 2014-10-14)
      The Double Chooz experiment presents improved measurements of the neutrino mixing angle theta(13) using the data collected in 467.90 live days from a detector positioned at an average distance of 1050m from two reactor ...