Now showing items 1-20 of 1208

    • A moral panic over cats 

      Lynn, William S.; Santiago-Avila, Francisco; Lindenmayer, Joann; Hadidian, John; Wallach, Arian; King, Barbara J. (2019-08)
      Some conservationists believe that free-ranging cats pose an enormous risk to biodiversity and public health and therefore should be eliminated from the landscape by any means necessary. They further claim that those who ...
    • First case of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase in Klebsiella pneumoniae from Ecuador: An update for South America 

      Romero-Alvarez, Daniel; Reyes, Jorge; Quezada, Viviana; Satan, Carolina; Cevallos, Nelson; Barrera, Sofia; Trueba, Gabriel; Escobar, Luis E.; Villacis, Jose E. (International Society for Infectious Diseases, 2017-12)
      Objectives: To describe a clinical case of Klebsiella pneumoniae harboring a New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM) plasmid in Ecuador and to present a map of reports of NDM isolates in South America. Methods: The modified ...
    • Novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Pathogen, M. mungi 

      Alexander, Kathleen A.; Laver, Pete N.; Michel, Anita L.; Williams, Mark; van Helden, Paul D.; Warren, Robin M.; Gey van Pittius, Nicolaas C. (2010-08)
      Seven outbreaks involving increasing numbers of banded mongoose troops and high death rates have been documented. We identified a Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex pathogen, M. mungi sp. nov., as the causative agent among ...
    • Threat of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome to field biologists working with small mammals 

      Kelt, Douglas A.; Van Vuren, Dirk H.; Hafner, Mark S.; Danielson, Brent J.; Kelly, Marcella J. (2007-09)
      Low risk for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) has been reported among biologists engaged in fieldwork with rodents. The overall probability of acquiring HPS when working with rodents appears to be 1 in 1,412 (0.00071). ...
    • Household-Level Spatiotemporal Patterns of Incidence of Cholera, Haiti, 2011 

      Blackburn, Jason K.; Diamond, Ulrica; Kracalik, Ian T.; Widmer, Jocelyn; Brown, Will; Morrissey, B. David; Alexander, Kathleen A.; Curtis, Andrew J.; Ali, Afsar; Morris, J. Glenn, Jr. (2014-09)
      A cholera outbreak began in Haiti during October, 2010. Spatiotemporal patterns of household-level cholera in Ouest Department showed that the initial clusters tended to follow major roadways; subsequent clusters occurred ...
    • Incubation temperature and social context affect the nest exodus of precocial ducklings 

      Hope, Sydney F.; Kennamer, Robert A.; van Montfrans, Schuyler G.; Hopkins, William A. (2019-03)
      The environments that animals experience during development have important fitness consequences. In birds, parents influence the developmental environment of their offspring through incubation. Subtle changes in incubation ...
    • Spatial capture-recapture for categorically marked populations with an application to genetic capture-recapture 

      Augustine, Ben C.; Royle, J. Andrew; Murphy, Sean M.; Chandler, Richard B.; Cox, John J.; Kelly, Marcella J. (Ecological Society of America, 2019-04)
      Recently introduced unmarked spatial capture-recapture (SCR), spatial mark-resight (SMR), and 2-flank spatial partial identity models (SPIMs) extend the domain of SCR to populations or observation systems that do not always ...
    • Sex-specific population dynamics of ocelots in Belize using open population spatial capture-recapture 

      Satter, Christopher B.; Augustine, Ben C.; Harmsen, Bart J.; Foster, Rebecca J.; Kelly, Marcella J. (Ecological Society of America, 2019-07)
      We used open population, spatial capture-recapture (SCR) models to estimate sex-specific density, survival, per capita recruitment, and population growth rate of ocelots (Leopardus pardalis) at five sites in Belize with ...
    • How much load can my pallet carry? 

      Horvath, Laszlo (Virginia Tech. Center for Packaging and Unit Load Design, 2018-02-02)
      Properly determining the exact load carrying capacity of a pallet is essential to ensure the effectiveness of the supply chain. Multiple testing procedures are published by different organizations and all could be used to ...
    • Phytosanitary Regulation for Packaging (ISPM-15) 

      Treaster, Garrett (Virginia Tech. Center for Packaging and Unit Load Design, 2018-02-02)
      International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 (ISPM 15) is essential for the regulation of wooden pallet and packaging materials. This regulation measure is important in determining how pallet industries and ...
    • Moisture in Sea Containers: What causes the problems and how to solve them? 

      Barber, Bailey (Virginia Tech. Center for Packaging and Unit Load Design, 2018-02-02)
      The water that is found inside shipping containers come from the air, packages, pallets, and sometimes even the products that are stored in the container. Condensation forms inside the sea container because during shipping, ...
    • Properties of Shredded Wood Pallets 

      White, Marshall S.; McLeod, John A., II (Virginia Tech. Center for Packaging and Unit Load Design, 2018-02-02)
      About 321 million wooden pallets are repaired every year in the United States. During the pallet repair process, unusable pallets are ground into mulch that is often used for animal bedding or other sensitive applications. ...
    • A Comparison of Systematic Quadrat and Capture-Mark-Recapture Sampling Designs for Assessing Freshwater Mussel Populations 

      Carey, Caitlin S.; Jones, Jess W.; Butler, Robert S.; Kelly, Marcella J.; Hallerman, Eric M. (MDPI, 2019-08-07)
      Our study objective was to compare the relative effectiveness and efficiency of quadrat and capture-mark-recapture (CMR) sampling designs for monitoring mussels. We collected data on a recently reintroduced population of ...
    • Inferring the Ecological Niche of Toxoplasma gondii and Bartonella spp. in Wild Felids 

      Escobar, Luis E.; Carver, Scott; Romero-Alvarez, Daniel; VandeWoude, Sue; Crooks, Kevin R.; Lappin, Michael R.; Craft, Meggan E. (Frontiers, 2017-10-17)
      Traditional epidemiological studies of disease in animal populations often focus on directly transmitted pathogens. One reason pathogens with complex lifecycles are understudied could be due to challenges associated with ...
    • Right on track? Performance of satellite telemetry in terrestrial wildlife research 

      Hofman, M. P. G.; Hayward, M. W.; Heim, M.; Marchand, P.; Rolandsen, C. M.; Mattisson, J.; Urbano, F.; Heurich, M.; Mysterud, A.; Melzheimer, J.; Morellet, N.; Voigt, U.; Allen, B. L.; Gehr, B.; Rouco, C.; Ullmann, W.; Holand, O.; Jorgensen, n H.; Steinheim, G.; Cagnacci, F.; Kroeschel, M.; Kaczensky, P.; Buuveibaatar, B.; Payne, J. C.; Palmegiani, I; Jerina, K.; Kjellander, P.; Johansson, O.; LaPoint, S.; Bayrakcismith, R.; Linnell, J. D. C.; Zaccaroni, M.; Jorge, M. L. S.; Oshima, J. E. F.; Songhurst, A.; Fischer, C.; Mc Bride, R. T., Jr.; Thompson, J. J.; Streif, S.; Sandfort, R.; Bonenfant, C.; Drouilly, M.; Klapproth, M.; Zinner, D.; Yarnell, R.; Stronza, A.; Wilmott, L.; Meisingset, E.; Thaker, M.; Vanak, A. T.; Nicoloso, S.; Graeber, R.; Said, S.; Boudreau, M. R.; Devlin, A.; Hoogesteijn, R.; May-Junior, J. A.; Nifong, J. C.; Odden, J.; Quigley, H. B.; Tortato, F.; Parker, D. M.; Caso, A.; Perrine, J.; Tellaeche, C.; Zieba, F.; Zwijacz-Kozica, T.; Appel, C. L.; Axsom, I; Bean, W. T.; Cristescu, B.; Periquet, S.; Teichman, K. J.; Karpanty, S.; Licoppe, A.; Menges, V; Black, K.; Scheppers, T. L.; Schai-Braun, S. C.; Azevedo, F. C.; Lemos, F. G.; Payne, A.; Swanepoel, L. H.; Weckworth, B., V; Berger, A.; Bertassoni, A.; McCulloch, G.; Sustr, P.; Athreya, V; Bockmuhl, D.; Casaer, J.; Ekori, A.; Melovski, D.; Richard-Hansen, C.; van de Vyver, D.; Reyna-Hurtado, R.; Robardet, E.; Selva, N.; Sergiel, A.; Farhadinia, M. S.; Sunde, P.; Portas, R.; Ambarli, H.; Berzins, R.; Kappeler, P. M.; Mann, G. K.; Pyritz, L.; Bissett, C.; Grant, T.; Steinmetz, R.; Swedell, L.; Welch, R. J.; Armenteras, D.; Bidder, O. R.; Gonzalez, T. M.; Rosenblatt, A.; Kachel, S.; Balkenhol, N. (PLOS, 2019-05-09)
      Satellite telemetry is an increasingly utilized technology in wildlife research, and current devices can track individual animal movements at unprecedented spatial and temporal resolutions. However, as we enter the golden ...
    • Elephant (Elephas maximus) temporal activity, distribution, and habitat use patterns on the tiger's forgotten trails across the seasonally dry, subtropical, hilly Churia forests of Nepal 

      Thapa, Kanchan; Kelly, Marcella J.; Pradhan, Narendra Man Babu (PLOS, 2019-05-13)
      Understanding spatial distribution, habitat use, and temporal activity patterns is important for species conservation planning. This information especially is crucial for mega herbivores like elephants as their ranging ...
    • Year-round monitoring reveals prevalence of fatal bird-window collisions at the Virginia Tech Corporate Research Center 

      Schneider, Rebecca M.; Barton, Christine M.; Zirkle, Keith W.; Greene, Caitlin F.; Newman, Kara B. (PeerJ, 2018-04-04)
      Collisions with glass are a serious threat to avian life and are estimated to kill hundreds of millions of birds per year in the United States. We monitored 22 buildings at the Virginia Tech Corporate Research Center (VTCRC) ...
    • Hurricane Sandy and engineered response created habitat for a threatened shorebird 

      Walker, Katie M.; Fraser, James D.; Catlin, Daniel H.; Ritter, Shannon J.; Robinson, Samantha G.; Bellman, Henrietta A.; DeRose-Wilson, Audrey; Karpanty, Sarah M.; Papa, Steven T. (ESA, 2019-04-22)
      The intensity of Atlantic Ocean hurricanes is predicted to increase, and although disturbance is recognized as a fundamental driver of ecological processes, the benefits of hurricanes to ecological systems are seldom ...
    • Begging behavior as an honest signal of need and parent– offspring association during the postfledging dependency period 

      Davis, Kayla L.; Karpanty, Sarah M.; Spendelow, Jeffrey A.; Cohen, Jonathan B.; Althouse, Melissa A.; Parsons, Katharine C.; Luttazi, Cristin F. (Wiley, 2019-04-30)
      Honest signaling mechanisms can function to appropriate care to hungry offspring and avoid misdirected care of unrelated offspring. Begging, the behavior by which offspring solicit food and parental care, may be an honest ...
    • Direct and indirect effects of nesting density on survival and breeding propensity of an endangered shorebird 

      Catlin, Daniel H.; Gibson, Daniel; Hunt, Kelsi L.; Friedrich, Meryl J.; Weithman, Chelsesa E.; Karpanty, Sarah M.; Fraser, James D. (ESA, 2019-04-08)
      Density-dependent regulation is a fundamental part of ecological theory and a significant driver of animal demography often through complex feedback loops. We investigated the relationship between flood- and demographically ...