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dc.contributor.authorXu, Bojunen_US
dc.contributor.authorGe, Zhengen_US
dc.contributor.authorHe, Zhenen_US
dc.identifier.citationXu, B., Ge, Z., & He, Z. (2015). Sediment microbial fuel cells for wastewater treatment: challenges and opportunities. Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology, 1(3), 279-284. doi:10.1039/C5EW00020Cen_US
dc.description.abstractSediment microbial fuel cells (SMFCs) have been intensively investigated for the harvest of energy from natural sediment, but studies of their application for wastewater treatment mainly occurred in the past 2-3 years. SMFCs with simple structures can generate electrical energy while decontaminating wastewater. Most SMFCs used for wastewater treatment contain plants to mimic constructed wetlands. Both synthetic and real wastewaters have been used as substrates in SMFCs that achieved satisfactory performance in organic removal. SMFCs have also been scaled up from several litres to more than 150 L. To further develop this technology, identification of a suitable application niche is needed. Several challenges must be addressed, including more detailed analysis in energy production, consumption, and application, understanding the relationship between electricity generation and contaminant removal, selecting plants that will benefit electrode reactions, improving nutrients removal, and optimizing system configuration and operation. The potential applications of SMFCs for wastewater treatment include powering sensors to monitor treatment processes and enhancing the removal of specific contaminants by electricity generation.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Science Foundation (U.S.)en_US
dc.format.extent6 p.en_US
dc.publisherThe Royal Society of Chemistryen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported*
dc.titleSediment microbial fuel cells for wastewater treatment: challenges and opportunitiesen_US
dc.contributor.departmentVirginia Tech. Charles E. Via, Jr. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.description.notes2015 Royal Society of Chemistry Open Access Gold Articleen_US
dc.title.serialEnvironmental Science: Water Research & Technologyen_US

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