Silver bullet or fools' gold: A global review of markets for forest environmental services and their impact on the poor
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Market-based approaches to environmental management are increasingly common in all sectors of the economy. Forestry is no exception. Governments around the world have opened the door to private sector participation in all aspects of forestry, typically involving the use of market-based instruments to guide private investment. Of the many tools available to policymakers, by far the most ambitious is the development of markets for previously non-traded forest environmental services, such as recreation, carbon sequestration, biodiversity conservation and watershed protection. However, little guidance is available on the mechanics of developing and managing markets, or on how to ensure that new markets are equitable as well as efficient. This report sheds new light on the issues through a global review of emerging markets based on 287 cases from both developed and developing countries.
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Kurniawan, Iwan; Roshetko, James M. (Bogor, Indonesia: Winrock International and The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) South-East Asia Regional Office, 2008)Agriculture is the most common activity practiced by rural farmers. Lack of market information, remote location and poor accessibility to production resources are common problems faced by the farmers. The marketing activities ...
Taiyab, N. (London: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), 2006)This paper explores the potential for financing small-scale high-benefit sustainable development projects through the voluntary and retail sector of the carbon market. Through a literature review and interviews with offset ...
Making environmental markets work: Lessons from early experience with sulfur, carbon, wetlands, and other related markets Bayon, R. (Washington, D.C.: Forest Trends, 2004)Ever since the passage of the 1990 amendments to the US Clean Air act and the creation of a market in sulfur dioxide (SO2), it has become clear that market mechanisms can be effectively used to achieve environmental policies. ...