The conservation business
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The language of conservation is changing: protecting biodiversity is no longer just about ethics and aesthetics; the latest buzzwords are commodities and consumers. Traditionally, conservation initiatives have talked up the benefits they will bring to the global community-saving species, habitats, ecosystems, and ultimately the planet. But conservation also has its costs, and these are usually borne by local people prevented from exploiting the resources around them in other ways. It is unfair to expect a localised minority to pick up costs that ultimately benefit a dispersed majority, argue conservation biologists. There has to be more money made available by concerned individuals, non-governmental organisations, national governments, and international bodies, and there need to be better ways to spend this money if conservation is to be effective, they say. Biodiversity is a commodity that can be bought and sold. We are consumers and must pay. (Excerpt from article)
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Harsch, E.; Philipose, L.; Munyakho, D.; Munyakho, S.; Sawadogo, J.M.; Sawadogo, M.A collection of seven papers examining the action of a number of communities throughout Africa to halt environmental degradation and conserve their local environmental resources. The first paper (Harsch, pp.2-7,40) examines ...
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Cost-effective design of agri-environmental payment programs: U.S. experience in theory and practice Claassen, R.; Cattaneo, A.; Johansson, R.This article assesses two U.S. agri-environmental payment programs, the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and the Environmnetal Quality Incentives Program (EQIP). The analysis addresses the impacts and effectiveness of ...