Namibia Community Based Natural Resources Management
World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
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The Namibian Community-Based Natural Resources Management (CBNRM) program is currently in its third phase of USAID funding. It has been designed to develop local community conservation groups that manage their local natural resources in ways to generate income by the creation of local conservancies. Perhaps the most successful conservancy in Namibia is the Torra conservancy which was the first conservancy to become financially self sufficient. Torra has established a variety of sustainable hunting and ecotourism activities that proved to be profitable. In 2003, they distributed funds equaling half the average annual incomes to its members. Other financial assistance has been distributed to community project such as school assistance, ambulance purchasing, and other social projects. In addition to the typical ecotourism activities that most conservancies conduct as payment for environmental services activities, several conservancies are providing cash compensations for livestock being killed by predators.
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Harsch, E.; Philipose, L.; Munyakho, D.; Munyakho, S.; Sawadogo, J.M.; Sawadogo, M. (1995)A collection of seven papers examining the action of a number of communities throughout Africa to halt environmental degradation and conserve their local environmental resources. The first paper (Harsch, pp.2-7,40) examines ...
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