Supply response in an Agrarian economy with non-symmetric gender relations
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Structural adjustments are perceived as policies that affect men and women differently. This study uses Stackelberg nonsymmetric equations to model unequal gender power relations. This model shows how economic incentives affect the household. Men respond individually to economic incentives to produce export-led cash crops. Due to social and cultural structures, men's choices limit women's choices because women have less control over resources and women's labor time is determined by the husbands' choices. This study shows that men and women's allocative priorities differ, which contradicts the assumption that households respond as a unit. The paper highlights the need to understand households on a nonsymmetrical basis. This approach demonstrates why women are often not involved in cash crops. In Tanzania, fewer women participate in market sales. Their husbands control the proceeds of the sales, women see only a small portion and they say that men "spend it in bars or with other women"(1330).