Gender and Environment
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The author argues that Ecofeminism has a variety of positions including cultural, liberal, social and socialist stances. There have been a variety of critiques of the essentialist nature of ecofeminism. From these critiques, alternative approaches to feminist political ecology have developed. Furthermore the author explains that the use of natural resources can be gendered and the privatization of common resources impacts women's access. Women are more vulnerable to natural hazards, like water pollution, natural disaster and lack of fuel wood, due to cultural restrictions and social status.