Now showing items 1-20 of 1347

    • Intersections: Cross-Disciplinary Conversations about Social Justice and the Built Environment 

      Powell, Katrina; Weaver, Rachel; Pourchot, Georgeta; Bassett, Paola Zellner (Virginia Tech. University Libraries, 2019-11-13)
      Focus: Migration, moderated by Paola Zellner Bassett, Associate Professor, Architecture.
    • Caribbean Women and Reparatory Justice: Reclaiming, Rebuilding and Restoring Communities Through Migration 

      Baldwin, Andrea N. (Virginia Tech. University Libraries, 2019-10-08)
      The women and gender in international development discussion series is organized by the center for international research, education, and development (CIRED) and is an inclusive VT initiative of outreach and international ...
    • Toward epidemic thresholds on temporal networks: a review and open questions 

      Leitch, Jack; Alexander, Kathleen A.; Sengupta, Srijan (2019-11-14)
      Abstract Epidemiological contact network models have emerged as an important tool in understanding and predicting spread of infectious disease, due to their capacity to engage individual heterogeneity that ...
    • A global synthesis reveals biodiversity-mediated benefits for crop production 

      Dainese, Matteo; Martin, Emily A.; Aizen, Marcelo A.; Albrecht, Matthias; Bartomeus, Ignasi; Bommarco, Riccardo; Carvalheiro, Luisa G.; Chaplin-Kramer, Rebecca; Gagic, Vesna; Garibaldi, Lucas A.; Ghazoul, Jaboury; Grab, Heather; Jonsson, Mattias; Karp, Daniel S.; Kennedy, Christina M.; Kleijn, David; Kremen, Claire; Landis, Douglas A.; Letourneau, Deborah K.; Marini, Lorenzo; Poveda, Katja; Rader, Romina; Smith, Henrik G.; Tscharntke, Teja; Andersson, Georg K. S.; Badenhausser, Isabelle; Baensch, Svenja; Bezerra, Antonio Diego M.; Bianchi, Felix J. J. A.; Boreux, Virginie; Bretagnolle, Vincent; Caballero-Lopez, Berta; Cavigliasso, Pablo; Cetkovic, Aleksandar; Chacoff, Natacha P.; Classen, Alice; Cusser, Sarah; da Silva e Silva, Felipe D.; de Groot, G. Arjen; Dudenhoeffer, Jan H.; Ekroos, Johan; Fijen, Thijs; Franck, Pierre; Freitas, Breno M.; Garratt, Michael P. D.; Gratton, Claudio; Hipolito, Juliana; Holzschuh, Andrea; Hunt, Lauren; Iverson, Aaron L.; Jha, Shalene; Keasar, Tamar; Kim, Tania N.; Kishinevsky, Miriam; Klatt, Bjorn K.; Klein, Alexandra-Maria; Krewenka, Kristin M.; Krishnan, Smitha; Larsen, Ashley E.; Lavigne, Claire; Liere, Heidi; Maas, Bea; Mallinger, Rachel E.; Martinez Pachon, Eliana; Martinez-Salinas, Alejandra; Meehan, Timothy D.; Mitchell, Matthew G. E.; Molina, Gonzalo A. R.; Nesper, Maike; Nilsson, Lovisa; O'Rourke, Megan E.; Peters, Marcell K.; Plecas, Milan; Potts, Simon G.; Ramos, Davi de L.; Rosenheim, Jay A.; Rundlof, Maj; Rusch, Adrien; Saez, Agustin; Scheper, Jeroen; Schleuning, Matthias; Schmack, Julia M.; Sciligo, Amber R.; Seymour, Colleen; Stanley, Dara A.; Stewart, Rebecca; Stout, Jane C.; Sutter, Louis; Takada, Mayura B.; Taki, Hisatomo; Tamburini, Giovanni; Tschumi, Matthias; Viana, Blandina F.; Westphal, Catrin; Willcox, Bryony K.; Wratten, Stephen D.; Yoshioka, Akira; Zaragoza-Trello, Carlos; Zhang, Wei; Zou, Yi; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf (AAAS, 2019-10)
      Human land use threatens global biodiversity and compromises multiple ecosystem functions critical to food production. Whether crop yield-related ecosystem services can be maintained by a few dominant species or rely on ...
    • Further Analysis of PRNG-Based Key Derivation Functions 

      McGinthy, Jason M.; Michaels, Alan J. (IEEE, 2019)
      The Internet of Things (IoT) is growing at a rapid pace. With everyday applications and services becoming wirelessly networked, security still is a major concern. Many of these sensors and devices have limitations, such ...
    • BRIoT: Behavior Rune Specification-Based Misbehavior Detection for IoT-Embedded Cyber-Physical Systems 

      Sharma, Vishal; You, Ilsun; Vim, Kangbin; Chen, Ing-Ray; Cho, Jin-Hee (IEEE, 2019)
      The identification of vulnerabilities in a mission-critical system is one of the challenges faced by a cyber-physical system (CPS). The incorporation of embedded Internet of Things (IoT) devices makes it tedious to identify ...
    • Modelling Allee effects in a transgenic mosquito population during range expansion 

      Walker, Melody; Blackwood, Julie C.; Brown, Vicki; Childs, Lauren M. (Taylor & Francis, 2018-04-27)
      Mosquitoes are vectors for many diseases that cause significant mortality and morbidity. As mosquito populations expand their range, they may undergo mate-finding Allee effects such that their ability to successfully ...
    • Mitochondrial Dysregulation in Skeletal Muscle from Patients Diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease and Sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis 

      Shabrokh, Elika; Kavanaugh, John; McMillan, Ryan; Pittman, Josh; Hulver, Matt; Frisard, Madlyn (Scientific Research Publishing, 2014-05)
      Mitochondrial dysfunction is implicated in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and disruption of mitochondrial dynamic pathways has been documented in brains from patients diagnosed with AD; although it is unclear whether other tissues ...
    • Microbiota and Antibiotic Resistome of Lettuce Leaves and Radishes Grown in Soils Receiving Manure-Based Amendments Derived From Antibiotic-Treated Cows 

      Fogler, Kendall; Guron, Giselle K.P.; Wind, Lauren L.; Keenum, Ishi M.; Hession, W. Cully; Krometis, Leigh-Anne; Strawn, Laura K.; Pruden, Amy; Ponder, Monica (Frontiers Media, 2019-04-10)
      Cattle are commonly administered antibiotics, resulting in excretion of antibiotics, antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB), and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). The aim of this study was to determine if the use of dairy ...
    • Convection-Enhanced Delivery: Connection to and Impact of Interstitial Fluid Flow 

      Stine, Caleb A.; Munson, Jennifer M. (Frontiers, 2019-10-02)
      Convection-enhanced delivery (CED) is a method used to increase transport of therapeutics in and around brain tumors. CED works through locally applying a pressure differential to drive fluid flow throughout the tumor, ...
    • Perspective on Translating Biomaterials Into Glioma Therapy: Lessons From in Vitro Models 

      Cornelison, R. Chase; Munson, Jennifer M. (Frontiers, 2018-05-09)
      Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and malignant form of brain cancer. Even with aggressive standard of care, GBM almost always recurs because its diffuse, infiltrative nature makes these tumors difficult to treat. The ...
    • Greenhouse and Nursery Water Management Characterization and Research Priorities in the USA 

      White, Sarah A.; Owen, James S.; Majsztrik, John C.; Oki, Lorence R.; Fisher, Paul R.; Hall, Charles R.; Lea-Cox, John D.; Fernandez, R. Thomas (MDPI, 2019-11-08)
      Nursery, floriculture, and propagation production accounted for 79% ($13.3 Billion) of 2017 ornamental specialty crop production in the United States. Access to high quality water sources is increasingly limited for ...
    • Modeling Temperature Effects on Population Density of the Dengue Mosquito Aedes aegypti 

      El Moustaid, Fadoua; Johnson, Leah R. (MDPI, 2019-11-07)
      Mosquito density plays an important role in the spread of mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue and Zika. While it remains very challenging to estimate the density of mosquitoes, modelers have tried different methods to ...
    • Transmobility: Possibilities in Cyborg (Cripborg) Bodies 

      Nelson, Mallory Kay; Shew, Ashley; Stevens, Bethany
      This creative, experimental contribution blends written words and sketches depicting our crip bodies engaging with various mobility technologies, including crutches, walkers, prosthetic limbs, and manual and power wheelchairs. ...
    • Intersections: Cross-Disciplinary Conversations about Social Justice and the Built Environment 

      Brossoie, Nancy; Dorsa, Ed; Tural, Elif; Jacobson, Wendy (Virginia Tech. University Libraries, 2019-10-16)
      Focus: Aging and Place Moderated by Wendy Jacobson, Associate Professor, Landscape Architecture
    • Neural computations underlying social risk sensitivity 

      Lauharatanahirun, Nina; Christopoulos, George I.; King-Casas, Brooks (Frontiers, 2012-08-02)
      Under standard models of expected utility, preferences over stochastic events are assumed to be independent of the source of uncertainty. Thus, in decision-making, an agent should exhibit consistent preferences, regardless ...
    • Potential Roles of Adropin in Central Nervous System: Review of Current Literature 

      Shahjouei, Shima; Ansari, Saeed; Pourmotabbed, Tayebeh; Zand, Ramin (Frontiers, 2016-06-27)
      Adropin is a 4.9 kDa peptide that is important for maintenance of metabolic and non-metabolic homeostasis. It regulates glucose and fatty acid metabolism and is involved in endothelial cell function and endothelial nitric ...
    • Virginia Tech Food Access and Security Study 

      Hall, Ralph P.; Ranganathan, Shyam; Agnew, Jessica; Christie, Maria Elisa; Kirk, Gary; Lucero, Christian; Clark, Susan F.; Archibald, Thomas G. (Virginia Tech, 2019-10-30)
      There is growing evidence to suggest that a substantial number of college and university students in the United States grapple with food insecurity during their studies. One of the most comprehensive surveys on this issue ...
    • Potential of Stem Cell-Based Therapy for Ischemic Stroke 

      Marei, Hany E.; Hasan, A.; Rizzi, R.; Althani, A.; Afifi, N.; Cenciarelli, C.; Caceci, Thomas; Shuaib, Ashfaq (Frontiers, 2018-02-06)
      Ischemic stroke is one of the major health problems worldwide. The only FDA approved anti-thrombotic drug for acute ischemic stroke is the tissue plasminogen activator. Several studies have been devoted to assessing the ...
    • Design and Evaluation of a Connected Work Zone Hazard Detection and Communication System for Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs) 

      Mollenhauer, Michael; White, Elizabeth; Roofigari-Esfahan, Nazila (Safe-D: Safety Through Disruption, 2019-08)
      Roadside work zones (WZs) present imminent safety hazards for roadway workers as well as passing motorists. In 2016, 764 fatalities occurred in WZs in the United States due to motor vehicle traffic crashes, which are the ...