Now showing items 1-20 of 1297

    • Ten questions concerning the aerosolization and transmission of Legionella in the built environment 

      Prussin, Aaron J., II; Schwake, David Otto; Marr, Linsey C. (2017-10)
      Legionella is a genus of pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria responsible for a serious disease known as legionellosis, which is transmitted via inhalation of this pathogen in aerosol form. There are two forms of legionellosis: ...
    • Nutritional and greenhouse gas impacts of removing animals from US agriculture 

      White, Robin R.; Hall, Mary Beth (2017-11-28)
      As a major contributor to agricultural greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, it has been suggested that reducing animal agriculture or consumption of animal-derived foods may reduce GHGs and enhance food security. Because the ...
    • Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Versus a Counselling Intervention for Anxiety in Young People with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial 

      Murphy, Suzanne M.; Chowdhury, Uttom; White, Susan W.; Reynolds, Laura; Donald, Louisa; Gahan, Hilary; Iqbal, Zeinab; Kulkarni, Mahesh; Scrivener, Louise; Shaker-Naeeni, Hadi; Press, Dee A. (2017-11)
      The use of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) as a treatment for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been explored in a number of trials. Whilst CBT appears superior to no treatment or treatment ...
    • Immersive Archaeology 

      Ogle, Todd; Skarbez, Rick (2018-05-01)
      We propose a system which integrates a high-fidelity immersive virtual environment based on ground-truth 3D scanning data from archaeological sites augmented with ethnohistoric data in the form of archival records, photos, ...
    • Reviewing research priorities in weed ecology, evolution and management: a horizon scan 

      Neve, P.; Barney, J. N.; Buckley, Y.; Cousens, R. D.; Graham, S.; Jordan, N. R.; Lawton-Rauh, A.; Liebman, M.; Mesgaran, M. B.; Schut, M.; Shaw, J.; Storkey, J.; Baraibar, B.; Baucom, R. S.; Chalak, M.; Childs, D. Z.; Christensen, S.; Eizenberg, H.; Fernandez-Quintanilla, C.; French, K.; Harsch, M.; Heijting, S.; Harrison, L.; Loddo, D.; Macel, M.; Maczey, N.; Merotto, A., Jr.; Mortensen, D.; Necajeva, J.; Peltzer, D. A.; Recasens, J.; Renton, M.; Riemens, M.; Sonderskov, M.; Williams, M. (2018-08)
      Weedy plants pose a major threat to food security, biodiversity, ecosystem services and consequently to human health and wellbeing. However, many currently used weed management approaches are increasingly unsustainable. ...
    • Seasonal dynamics of cyanobacteria and eukaryotic phytoplankton in a multiple-reservoir recycling irrigation system 

      Kong, Ping; Richardson, Patricia; Hong, Chuanxue (2019-09-10)
      Abstract Background Agricultural runoff recycling systems are manmade aquatic ecosystems of growing significance to global water sustainability, crop health, and production. ...
    • Improved reference genome of Aedes aegypti informs arbovirus vector control 

      Matthews, Benjamin J.; Dudchenko, Olga; Kingan, Sarah B.; Koren, Sergey; Antoshechkin, Igor; Crawford, Jacob E.; Glassford, William J.; Herre, Margaret; Redmond, Seth N.; Rose, Noah H.; Weedall, Gareth D.; Wu, Yang; Batra, Sanjit S.; Brito-Sierra, Carlos A.; Buckingham, Steven D.; Campbell, Corey L.; Chan, Saki; Cox, Eric; Evans, Benjamin R.; Fansiri, Thanyalak; Filipovic, Igor; Fontaine, Albin; Gloria-Soria, Andrea; Hall, Richard; Joardar, Vinita S.; Jones, Andrew K.; Kay, Raissa G. G.; Kodali, Vamsi K.; Lee, Joyce; Lycett, Gareth J.; Mitchell, Sara N.; Muehling, Jill; Murphy, Michael R.; Omer, Arina D.; Partridge, Frederick A.; Peluso, Paul; Aiden, Aviva Presser; Ramasamy, Vidya; Rasic, Gordana; Roy, Sourav; Saavedra-Rodriguez, Karla; Sharan, Shruti; Sharma, Atashi; Smith, Melissa Laird; Turner, Joe; Weakley, Allison M.; Zhao, Zhilei; Akbari, Omar S.; Black, William C.; Cao, Han; Darby, Alistair C.; Hill, Catherine A.; Johnston, J. Spencer; Murphy, Terence D.; Raikhel, Alexander S.; Sattelle, David B.; Sharakhov, Igor V.; White, Bradley J.; Zhao, Li; Aiden, Erez Lieberman; Mann, Richard S.; Lambrechts, Louis; Powell, Jeffrey R.; Sharakhova, Maria V.; Tu, Zhijian; Robertson, Hugh M.; McBride, Carolyn S.; Hastic, Alex R.; Korlach, Jonas; Neafsey, Daniel E.; Phillippy, Adam M.; Vosshall, Leslie B. (2018-11-22)
      Female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes infect more than 400 million people each year with dangerous viral pathogens including dengue, yellow fever, Zika and chikungunya. Progress in understanding the biology of mosquitoes and ...
    • MetaCompare: a computational pipeline for prioritizing environmental resistome risk 

      Oh, Min; Pruden, Amy; Chen, Chaoqi; Heath, Lenwood S.; Xia, Kang; Zhang, Liqing (2018-07)
      The spread of antibiotic resistance is a growing public health concern. While numerous studies have highlighted the importance of environmental sources and pathways of the spread of antibiotic resistance, a systematic means ...
    • Chronic Cerebral Hypoperfusion Induces Alterations of Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 and Angiopoietin-2 Levels in the Rat Hippocampus 

      Kim, Min-Soo; Choi, Bo-Ryoung; Lee, Yong Woo; Kim, Dong-Hee; Han, Ye Sun; Jeon, Won Kyung; Han, Jung-Soo (2018-08)
      Angiogenic factors contribute to cerebral angiogenesis following cerebral hypoperfusion, and understanding these temporal changes is essential to developing effective treatments. The present study examined temporal alterations ...
    • Dynamic modeling of organic carbon fates in lake ecosystems 

      McCullough, Ian M.; Dugan, Hilary A.; Farrell, Kaitlin J.; Morales-Williams, Ana M.; Ouyang, Zutao; Roberts, Derek; Scordo, Facundo; Bartlett, Sarah L.; Burke, Samantha M.; Doubek, Jonathan P.; Krivak-Tetley, Flora E.; Skaff, Nicholas K.; Summers, Jamie C.; Weathers, Kathleen C.; Hanson, Paul C. (2018-10-24)
      Lakes are active processors of organic carbon (OC) and play important roles in landscape and global carbon cycling. Allochthonous OC loads from the landscape, along with autochthonous OC loads from primary production, are ...
    • Cyberbiosecurity Challenges of Pathogen Genome Databases 

      Vinatzer, Boris A.; Heath, Lenwood S.; Almohri, Hussain MJ J.; Stulberg, Michael J.; Lowe, Christopher; Li, Song (Frontiers, 2019-05-15)
      Pathogen detection, identification, and tracking is shifting from non-molecular methods, DNA fingerprinting methods, and single gene methods to methods relying on whole genomes. Viral Ebola and influenza genome data are ...
    • Remote Alcohol Monitoring to Facilitate Incentive-Based Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder: A Randomized Trial 

      Koffarnus, Mikhail N.; Bickel, Warren K.; Kablinger, Anita S. (2018-12)
      B ackground: The delivery of monetary incentives contingent on verified abstinence is an effective treatment for alcohol use disorder. However, technological barriers to accurate, frequent biochemical verification of alcohol ...
    • Neuroimaging, neuromodulation, and population health: the neuroscience of chronic disease prevention 

      Hall, Peter A.; Bickel, Warren K.; Erickson, Kirk I.; Wagner, Dylan D. (2018-09)
      Preventable chronic diseases are the leading cause of death in the majority of countries throughout the world, and this trend will continue for the foreseeable future. The potential to offset the social, economic, and ...
    • 2019 SAIC National Security Education Program Colloquium 

      Unknown author (Virginia Tech. Hume Center., 2019-04-16)
      The annual National Security Education Program Colloquium is the highlight of our educational programs. It allows students from across the university to interact with leaders from the intelligence and national security ...
    • Identification of discriminatory antibiotic resistance genes among environmental resistomes using extremely randomized tree algorithm 

      Gupta, Suraj; Arango-Argoty, Gustavo; Zhang, Liqing; Pruden, Amy; Vikesland, Peter (2019-08-29)
      Abstract Background The interconnectivities of built and natural environments can serve as conduits for the proliferation and dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes ...
    • The "Out-of-the-Loop" concept in automated driving: proposed definition, measures and implications 

      Merat, Natasha; Seppelt, Bobbie; Louw, Tyron; Engstrom, Johan; Lee, John D.; Johansson, Emma; Green, Charles A.; Katazaki, Satoshi; Monk, Chris; Itoh, Makoto; McGehee, Daniel; Sunda, Takashi; Unoura, Kiyozumi; Victor, Trent; Schieben, Anna; Keinath, Andreas (2019-02)
      Despite an abundant use of the term Out of the loop (OOTL) in the context of automated driving and human factors research, there is currently a lack of consensus on its precise definition, how it can be measured, and the ...
    • Falling Back on Numbers: When Preference for Numerical Product Information Increases after a Personal Control Threat 

      Lembregts, Christophe; Pandelaere, Mario (2019-02)
      Despite the ubiquity of numerical information in consumers' lives, prior research has provided limited insights to marketers about when numerical information exerts greater impact on decisions. This study offers evidence ...
    • Effects of future sea level rise on coastal habitat 

      Von Holle, Betsy; Irish, Jennifer L.; Spivy, Annette; Weishampel, John F.; Meylan, Anne; Godfrey, Matthew H.; Dodd, Mark; Schweitzer, Sara H.; Keyes, Tim; Sanders, Felicia; Chaplin, Melissa K.; Taylor, Nick R. (2019-04)
      Sea level rise (SLR) and disturbances from increased storm activity are expected to diminish coastal ecosystems available to nesting species by removing habitat and inundating nests during incubation. We updated the United ...
    • Divergent age-dependent peripheral immune transcriptomic profile following traumatic brain injury 

      Hazy, Amanda; Bochicchio, Lauren; Oliver, Andrea; Xie, Eric; Geng, Shuo; Brickler, Thomas; Xie, Hehuang; Li, Liwu; Allen, Irving C.; Theus, Michelle H. (2019-06-12)
      The peripheral immune system is a major regulator of the pathophysiology associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). While age-at-injury influences recovery from TBI, the differential effects on the peripheral immune ...
    • Examining Mathematics Anxiety of Undergraduates Using a Brain-Based Measurement, EEG 

      Norton, Anderson; Seok, Youngmin; Choi-Koh, Sangsook (Scientific Research Publishing, 2019-05-27)
      This paper reports on an investigation of mathematics anxiety (MA) among 40 Korean undergraduate students, using cognitive neuroscience. In Spring 2015, we collected data on correct response rates and reaction times from ...