Now showing items 1-20 of 153

    • A framework for evaluating epidemic forecasts 

      Tabataba, Farzaneh Sadat; Chakraborty, Prithwish; Ramakrishnan, Naren; Venkatramanan, Srinivasan; Chen, Jiangzhuo; Lewis, Bryan; Marathe, Madhav (2017-05-15)
      Abstract Background Over the past few decades, numerous forecasting methods have been proposed in the field of epidemic forecasting. Such methods can be classified into different ...
    • A human exposome framework for guiding risk management and holistic assessment of recycled water quality 

      Garner, Emily; Zhu, Ni; Strom, Laurel; Edwards, Marc; Pruden, Amy (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016-04-12)
      Challenges associated with water scarcity and increasing water demand are leading many cities around the globe to consider water reuse as a step towards water sustainability. Recycled water may be used in a spectrum of ...
    • A Simulation Optimization Approach to Epidemic Forecasting 

      Nsoesie, Elaine O.; Beckman, Richard J.; Shashaani, Sara; Nagaraj, Kalyani S.; Marathe, Madhav V. (PLOS, 2013-06-27)
      Reliable forecasts of influenza can aid in the control of both seasonal and pandemic outbreaks. We introduce a simulation optimization (SIMOP) approach for forecasting the influenza epidemic curve. This study represents ...
    • A systematic review of studies on forecasting the dynamics of influenza outbreaks 

      Nsoesie, Elaine O.; Brownstein, John S.; Ramakrishnan, Naren; Marathe, Madhav V. (Wiley, 2013-12-23)
      Forecasting the dynamics of influenza outbreaks could be useful for decision-making regarding the allocation of public health resources. Reliable forecasts could also aid in the selection and implementation of interventions ...
    • A Web Based Interface for Distributed Short-Term Soil Moisture Forecasts 

      Sommerlot, Andrew R.; Easton, Zachary M. (2017-08-15)
      Agricultural non-point source (NPS) pollution is a source of water quality impairment, and demonstrates widely varying spatial and temporal pollution potential. Many efforts to protect water quality are based on seasonal ...
    • Advancing the Global Land Grant Institution: Creating a Virtual Environment to Re-envision Extension and Advance GSS-related Research, Education, and Collaboration 

      Hall, Ralph; Polys, Nicholas; Sforza, Peter; Eubank, Stephen; Lewis, Bryan; Krometis, Leigh Anne Henry; Pollyea, Ryan; Schoenholtz, Stephen; Sridhar, Venkataramana; Crowder, Van; Lipsey, John; Christie, Maria Elisa; Glasson, George; Scherer, Hannah; Davis, Jack; Dunay, Robert; King, nathan; Muelenaer, Andre; Muelenaer, Penelope; Rist, Cassidy; Wenzel, Sophie (Virginia Tech, 2017-05-15)
      The vision for this project has emerged from several years of research, teaching, and service in Africa and holds the potential to internationalize education at Virginia Tech and in our partner institutions in Malawi. The ...
    • Antimicrobial Resistance Mitigation [ARM] Concept Paper 

      Vikesland, Peter; Alexander, Kathleen A.; Badgley, Brian D.; Krometis, Leigh Anne Henry; Knowlton, Katherine F.; Gohlke, Julia M.; Hall, Ralph P.; Hawley, Dana M.; Heath, Lenwood S.; Hession, W. Cully; Hull, Robert Bruce, IV; Moeltner, Klaus; Ponder, Monica A.; Pruden, Amy; Schoenholtz, Stephen H.; Wu, Xiaowei; Xia, Kang; Zhang, Liqing (Virginia Tech, 2017-05-15)
      The development of viable solutions to the global threat of antimicrobial resistance requires a transdisciplinary approach that simultaneously considers the clinical, biological, social, economic, and environmental drivers ...
    • Assessing the Effects of Climate Change on Water Quantity and Quality in an Urban Watershed Using a Calibrated Stormwater Model 

      Alamdari, Nasrin; Sample, David J.; Steinberg, Peter; Ross, Andrew C.; Easton, Zachary M. (2017-06-27)
      Assessing climate change (CC) impacts on urban watersheds is difficult due to differences in model spatial and temporal scales, making prediction of hydrologic restoration a challenge. A methodology was developed using an ...
    • Assessment of Nutrient Limitation in Floodplain Forests with Two Different Techniques 

      Neatrour, Matthew A.; Jones, Robert H.; Golladay, Stephen W. (Hindawi, 2008-05-15)
      We assessed nitrogen and phosphorus limitation in a floodplain forest in southern Georgia in USA using two commonly used methods: nitrogen to phosphorus (N:P) ratios in litterfall and fertilized ingrowth cores. We measured ...
    • Bed Bugs and Infectious Disease: A Case for the Arboviruses 

      Adelman, Zach N.; Miller, Dini M.; Myles, Kevin M. (Public Library of Science, 2013-08-15)
      Bed bug infestations (Cimicidae; Cimex lectularius) have been increasing worldwide over the last few decades [1,2]. Several factors have been posited to explain this resurgence, including widespread insecticide resistance, ...
    • Branched Peptide Boronic Acids (BPBAs): A Novel Mode of Binding Towards RNA 

      Zhang, Wenyu; Bryson, David I.; Crumpton, Jason B.; Wynn, Jessica; Santos, Webster L. (The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2013-02-07)
      We report branched peptideboronic acids (BPBAs) that bind to RRE IIB from an on-bead high-throughput screening of a 3.3.4-library (46 656 compounds). We demonstrate that boronic acids are tunable moieties that afford a ...
    • Bridging the Information Gap with Cost-Effective Dissemination Strategies: The Case of Integrated Pest Management in Bangladesh 

      Harris, Leah M.; Norton, George W.; Rezaul Karim, A.N.M.; Alwang, Jeffrey; Taylor, Daniel B. (Southern Agricultural Economics Association, 2013)
      Cost-effective extension strategies are needed to promote widespread adoption of agricultural technologies in developing countries. Integrated pest management (IPM) practices, for example, can offer economic, health, and ...
    • Chasing Water in a Rapidly Changing World 

      Richter, Brian; Hopkins, William
      Water shortages are now affecting half the world’s population, disrupting food and energy security as well as urban water supplies in many cities. The overuse of water and associated drying of rivers, lakes, and aquifers ...
    • Choosing a Sustainable Future: SANREM CRSP 1999 Annual Report 

      Cason, K. (ed.) (Watkinsville, Ga.: SANREM CRSP, 2000)
      This document describes the progress of the SANREM CRSP for the period June 1, 1999 to May 31, 2000.
    • Climate Change Adaptation for Agriculture. Mitigating Short- and Long-Term Impacts of Climate on Crop Production 

      Easton, Zachary M.; Faulkner, Joshua W. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2014-09-24)
      Climate change and climate variability pose a great risk to agricultural production and farm livelihoods, and producers will need to adapt to a changing climate that is expected to be significantly more variable in order ...
    • Climate Change is Likely to Worsen the Public Health Threat of Diarrheal Disease in Botswana 

      Alexander, Kathleen A.; Carzolio, Marcos; Goodin, Douglas; Vance, Eric (2013-03-26)
      Diarrheal disease is an important health challenge, accounting for the majority of childhood deaths globally. Climate change is expected to increase the global burden of diarrheal disease but little is known regarding ...
    • Combined statistical and spatially distributed hydrological model for evaluating future drought indices in Virginia 

      Kang, Hyunwoo; Sridhar, Venkataramana (Elsevier, 2017-06-06)
      Study region: Virginia, United States. Study focus: Climate change is expected to impact the intensity and severity of droughts; therefore, it is necessary to simulate future drought conditions using temperature and ...
    • Communicating Climate Change to Agricultural Audiences 

      Easton, Zachary M.; Faulkner, Joshua W. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2016-11-15)
      Discusses climate change and challenges related to climate change, in relation to agriculture.
    • Comparing Effectiveness of Top-Down and Bottom-Up Strategies in Containing Influenza 

      Marathe, Achla; Lewis, Bryan; Barrett, Christopher; Chen, Jiangzhuo; Marathe, Madhav; Eubank, Stephen; Ma, Yifei (PLOS, 2011-09-22)
      This research compares the performance of bottom-up, self-motivated behavioral interventions with top-down interventions targeted at controlling an ‘‘Influenza-like-illness’’. Both types of interventions use a variant of ...
    • Comparing Effectiveness of Top-Down and Bottom-Up Strategies in Containing Influenza 

      Marathe, Achla; Lewis, Bryan; Barrett, Christopher L.; Chen, Jiangzhuo; Marathe, Madhav; Eubank, Stephen; Ma, Yifei (Public Library of Science, 2011-09-22)
      This research compares the performance of bottom-up, self-motivated behavioral interventions with top-down interventions targeted at controlling an “Influenza-like-illness”. Both types of interventions use a variant of the ...