Now showing items 1-20 of 625

    • 2021 GAP Report Launch: Strengthening the Climate For Sustainable Agricultural Growth 

      Steensland, Ann (Virginia Tech College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, 2021-10-20)
      During the launch of the 2021 Global Agricultural Productivity Report (GAP Report), the newest data on agricultural productivity across the globe was revealed to be well below the Global Agricultural Productivity Index ...
    • A human exposome framework for guiding risk management and holistic assessment of recycled water quality 

      Garner, Emily; Zhu, Ni; Strom, Laurel; Edwards, Marc A.; Pruden, Amy (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016-04-12)
      Challenges associated with water scarcity and increasing water demand are leading many cities around the globe to consider water reuse as a step towards water sustainability. Recycled water may be used in a spectrum of ...
    • A Simulation Optimization Approach to Epidemic Forecasting 

      Nsoesie, Elaine O.; Beckman, Richard J.; Shashaani, Sara; Nagaraj, Kalyani S.; Marathe, Madhav V. (PLOS, 2013-06-27)
      Reliable forecasts of influenza can aid in the control of both seasonal and pandemic outbreaks. We introduce a simulation optimization (SIMOP) approach for forecasting the influenza epidemic curve. This study represents ...
    • A systematic review of studies on forecasting the dynamics of influenza outbreaks 

      Nsoesie, Elaine O.; Brownstein, John S.; Ramakrishnan, Naren; Marathe, Madhav V. (Wiley, 2013-12-23)
      Forecasting the dynamics of influenza outbreaks could be useful for decision-making regarding the allocation of public health resources. Reliable forecasts could also aid in the selection and implementation of interventions ...
    • Addressing the Contribution of Indirect Potable Reuse to Inland Freshwater Salinization 

      Bhide, Shantanu V.; Grant, Stanley B.; Parker, Emily A.; Rippy, Megan A.; Godrej, Adil N.; Kaushal, Sujay S.; Prelewicz, Gregory; Saji, Niffy; Curtis, Shannon; Vikesland, Peter J.; Maile-Moskowitz, Ayella; Edwards, Marc A.; Lopez, Kathryn; Birkland, Thomas A.; Schenk, Todd (2021-02-02)
      Inland freshwater salinity is rising worldwide, a phenomenon called the freshwater salinization syndrome (FSS). We investigate a potential conflict between managing the FSS and indirect potable reuse, the practice of ...
    • Advanced sequencing approaches detected insertions of viral and human origin in the viral genome of chronic hepatitis E virus patients 

      Papp, C-Patrick; Biedermann, Paula; Harms, Dominik; Wang, Bo; Kebelmann, Marianne; Choi, Mira; Helmuth, Johannes; Corman, Victor M.; Thuermer, Andrea; Altmann, Britta; Klink, Patrycja; Hofmann, Joerg; Bock, C-Thomas (Nature Portfolio, 2022-02-02)
      The awareness of hepatitis E virus (HEV) increased significantly in the last decade due to its unexpectedly high prevalence in high-income countries. There, infections with HEV-genotype 3 (HEV-3) are predominant which can ...
    • Advances in Ecohydrology for Water Resources Optimization in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas 

      Castellini, Mirko; Di Prima, Simone; Stewart, Ryan D.; Biddoccu, Marcella; Rahmati, Mehdi; Alagna, Vincenzo (MDPI, 2022-06-07)
      Conserving water resources is a current challenge that will become increasingly urgent in future due to climate change. The arid and semi-arid areas of the globe are expected to be particularly affected by changes in water ...
    • Advancing the Global Land Grant Institution: Creating a Virtual Environment to Re-envision Extension and Advance GSS-related Research, Education, and Collaboration 

      Hall, Ralph P.; Polys, Nicholas F.; Sforza, Peter M.; Eubank, Stephen D.; Lewis, Bryan L.; Krometis, Leigh-Anne H.; Pollyea, Ryan M.; Schoenholtz, Stephen H.; Sridhar, Venkataramana; Crowder, Van; Lipsey, John; Christie, Maria Elisa; Glasson, George E.; Scherer, Hannah H.; Davis, A. Jack; Dunay, Robert J.; King, Nathan T.; Muelenaer, Andre A.; Muelenaer, Penelope; Rist, Cassidy; Wenzel, Sophie (Virginia Tech, 2017-05-15)
      The vision for this project has emerged from several years of research, teaching, and service in Africa and holds the potential to internationalize education at Virginia Tech and in our partner institutions in Malawi. The ...
    • Age influences the thermal suitability of Plasmodium falciparum transmission in the Asian malaria vector Anopheles stephensi 

      Miazgowicz, K. L.; Shocket, M. S.; Ryan, Sadie J.; Villena, O. C.; Hall, R. J.; Owen, J.; Adanlawo, T.; Balaji, K.; Johnson, Leah R.; Mordecai, Erin A.; Murdock, Courtney C. (2020-07-29)
      Models predicting disease transmission are vital tools for long-term planning of malaria reduction efforts, particularly for mitigating impacts of climate change. We compared temperature-dependent malaria transmission ...
    • Agent-Based Simulation Framework for Epidemic Forecasting during Hajj Seasons in Saudi Arabia 

      Alshammari, Sultanah Mohammed; Ba-Aoum, Mohammed Hassan; Alganmi, Nofe Ateq; Allinjawi, Arwa AbdulAziz (MDPI, 2021-08-12)
      The religious pilgrimage of Hajj is one of the largest annual gatherings in the world. Every year approximately three million pilgrims travel from all over the world to perform Hajj in Mecca in Saudi Arabia. The high ...
    • Agricultural Practices Influence Salmonella Contamination and Survival in Pre-harvest Tomato Production 

      Gu, Ganyu; Strawn, Laura K.; Oryang, David O.; Zheng, Jie; Reed, Elizabeth A.; Ottesen, Andrea R.; Bell, Rebecca L.; Chen, Yuhuan; Duret, Steven; Ingram, David T.; Reiter, Mark S.; Pfuntner, Rachel; Brown, Eric W.; Rideout, Steven L. (Frontiers, 2018-10-16)
      Between 2000 and 2010 the Eastern Shore of Virginia was implicated in four Salmonella outbreaks associated with tomato. Therefore, a multi-year study (2012-2015) was performed to investigate presumptive factors associated ...
    • Air Quality in Southeast Brazil during COVID-19 Lockdown: A Combined Satellite and Ground-Based Data Analysis 

      Brandao, Rayssa; Foroutan, Hosein (MDPI, 2021-05-01)
      With the current COVID-19 pandemic being spread all over the world, lockdown measures are being implemented, making air pollution levels go down in several countries. In this context, the air quality changes in the highly ...
    • Alpha 1 Antitrypsin is an Inhibitor of the SARS-CoV-2–Priming Protease TMPRSS2 

      Azouz, N. P.; Klingler, A. M.; Callahan, Victoria; Akhrymuk, Ivan V.; Elez, K.; Raich, L.; Henry, B. M.; Benoit, J. L.; Benoit, S. W.; Noé, F.; Kehn-Hall, Kylene; Rothenberg, M. E. (2021-01-01)
      Background: Host proteases have been suggested to be crucial for dissemination of MERS, SARS-CoV, and SARS-CoV-2 coronaviruses, but the relative contribution of membrane versus intracellular proteases remains controversial. ...
    • Altered toxicological endpoints in humans from common quaternary ammonium compound disinfectant exposure 

      Hrubec, Terry C.; Seguin, Ryan P.; Xu, L.; Cortopassi, G. A.; Datta, S.; Hanlon, Alexandra L.; Lozano, A. J.; McDonald, V. A.; Healy, C. A.; Anderson, T. C.; Musse, N. A.; Williams, R. T. (Elsevier, 2021-01-01)
      Humans are frequently exposed to Quaternary Ammonium Compounds (QACs). QACs are ubiquitously used in medical settings, restaurants, and homes as cleaners and disinfectants. Despite their prevalence, nothing is known about ...
    • Annual water residence time effects on thermal structure: A potential lake restoration measure? 

      Olsson, Freya; Mackay, Eleanor B.; Moore, Tadhg; Barker, Phil; Davies, Sian; Hall, Ruth; Spears, Bryan; Wilkinson, Jayne; Jones, Ian D. (Academic Press - Elsevier, 2022-07-15)
      Innovative methods to combat internal loading issues in eutrophic lakes are urgently needed to speed recovery and restore systems within legislative deadlines. In stratifying lakes, internal phosphorus loading is particularly ...
    • Antibiotic resistance genes in the faeces of dairy cows following short-term therapeutic and prophylactic antibiotic administration 

      Feng, Xin; Chambers, Lindsey R.; Knowlton, Katharine F. (2019-12-06)
      The objective of the research was to quantify three antibiotic resistance genes (tetQ, cfxA and mefA) in the faeces of dairy cows following therapeutic and prophylactic antibiotic treatments. Manure collected from dairy ...
    • Antibiotic Use on Goat Farms: An Investigation of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Missouri Goat Farmers 

      Landfried, Lauren K.; Barnidge, Ellen K.; Pithua, Patrick; Lewis, Roger D.; Jacoby, Jonathan A.; King, Christopher C.; Baskin, Carole R. (MDPI, 2018-11-01)
      Use of low dose, prophylactic antibiotics contributes to the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. In one study, goat meat in Missouri was found to have a higher percentage of antibiotic residues at slaughter than ...
    • Antibiotics in Agroecosystems: Introduction to the Special Section 

      Franklin, Alison M.; Aga, Diana S.; Cytryn, Eddie; Durso, Lisa M.; McLain, Jean E.; Pruden, Amy; Roberts, Marilyn C.; Rothrock, Michael J. Jr.; Snow, Daniel D.; Watson, John E.; Dungan, Robert S. (2016-03)
      The presence of antibiotic drug residues, antibiotic resistant bacteria, and antibiotic resistance genes in agroecosystems has become a significant area of research in recent years and is a growing public health concern. ...
    • Anticipating and adapting to the future impacts of climate change on the health, security and welfare of low elevation coastal zone (LECZ) communities in Southeastern USA 

      Allen, Thomas; Behr, Joshua; Bukvic, Anamaria; Calder, Ryan S. D.; Caruson, Kiki; Connor, Charles; D'Elia, Christopher; Dismukes, David; Ersing, Robin; Franklin, Rima; Goldstein, Jesse; Goodall, Jonathon; Hemmerling, Scott; Irish, Jennifer L.; Lazarus, Steven; Loftis, Derek; Luther, Mark; McCallister, Leigh; McGlathery, Karen; Mitchell, Molly; Moore, William B.; Nichols, C. Reid; Nunez, Karinna; Reidenbach, Matthew; Shortridge, Julie; Weisberg, Robert; Weiss, Robert; Donelson Wright, Lynn; Xia, Meng; Xu, Kehui; Young, Donald; Zarillo, Gary; Zinnert, Julie C. (MDPI, 2021-10-29)
      Low elevation coastal zones (LECZ) are extensive throughout the southeastern United States. LECZ communities are threatened by inundation from sea level rise, storm surge, wetland degradation, land subsidence, and hydrological ...
    • Antimicrobial Resistance Mitigation [ARM] Concept Paper 

      Vikesland, Peter J.; Alexander, Kathleen A.; Badgley, Brian D.; Krometis, Leigh-Anne H.; Knowlton, Katharine F.; Gohlke, Julia M.; Hall, Ralph P.; Hawley, Dana M.; Heath, Lenwood S.; Hession, W. Cully; Hull, Robert Bruce IV; Moeltner, Klaus; Ponder, Monica A.; Pruden, Amy; Schoenholtz, Stephen H.; Wu, Xiaowei; Xia, Kang; Zhang, Liqing (Virginia Tech, 2017-05-15)
      The development of viable solutions to the global threat of antimicrobial resistance requires a transdisciplinary approach that simultaneously considers the clinical, biological, social, economic, and environmental drivers ...