Now showing items 1-20 of 314

    • A human exposome framework for guiding risk management and holistic assessment of recycled water quality 

      Garner, Emily; Zhu, Ni; Strom, Laurel; Edwards, Marc A.; Pruden, Amy (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016-04-12)
      Challenges associated with water scarcity and increasing water demand are leading many cities around the globe to consider water reuse as a step towards water sustainability. Recycled water may be used in a spectrum of ...
    • A Simulation Optimization Approach to Epidemic Forecasting 

      Nsoesie, Elaine O.; Beckman, Richard J.; Shashaani, Sara; Nagaraj, Kalyani S.; Marathe, Madhav V. (PLOS, 2013-06-27)
      Reliable forecasts of influenza can aid in the control of both seasonal and pandemic outbreaks. We introduce a simulation optimization (SIMOP) approach for forecasting the influenza epidemic curve. This study represents ...
    • A systematic review of studies on forecasting the dynamics of influenza outbreaks 

      Nsoesie, Elaine O.; Brownstein, John S.; Ramakrishnan, Naren; Marathe, Madhav V. (Wiley, 2013-12-23)
      Forecasting the dynamics of influenza outbreaks could be useful for decision-making regarding the allocation of public health resources. Reliable forecasts could also aid in the selection and implementation of interventions ...
    • Advancing the Global Land Grant Institution: Creating a Virtual Environment to Re-envision Extension and Advance GSS-related Research, Education, and Collaboration 

      Hall, Ralph P.; Polys, Nicholas F.; Sforza, Peter M.; Eubank, Stephen; Lewis, Bryan; Krometis, Leigh Anne Henry; Pollyea, Ryan; Schoenholtz, Stephen; Sridhar, Venkataramana; Crowder, Van; Lipsey, John; Christie, Maria Elisa; Glasson, George; Scherer, Hannah; Davis, Albert Jack; Dunay, Robert; King, Nathan T.; Muelenaer, Andre; Muelenaer, Penelope; Rist, Cassidy; Wenzel, Sophie (Virginia Tech, 2017-05-15)
      The vision for this project has emerged from several years of research, teaching, and service in Africa and holds the potential to internationalize education at Virginia Tech and in our partner institutions in Malawi. The ...
    • Agricultural Practices Influence Salmonella Contamination and Survival in Pre-harvest Tomato Production 

      Gu, Ganyu; Strawn, Laura K.; Oryang, David O.; Zheng, Jie; Reed, Elizabeth A.; Ottesen, Andrea R.; Bell, Rebecca L.; Chen, Yuhuan; Duret, Steven; Ingram, David T.; Reiter, Mark S.; Pfuntner, Rachel; Brown, Eric W.; Rideout, Steven L. (Frontiers, 2018-10-16)
      Between 2000 and 2010 the Eastern Shore of Virginia was implicated in four Salmonella outbreaks associated with tomato. Therefore, a multi-year study (2012-2015) was performed to investigate presumptive factors associated ...
    • Antibiotic resistance genes in the faeces of dairy cows following short-term therapeutic and prophylactic antibiotic administration 

      Feng, Xin; Chambers, Lindsey R.; Knowlton, Katharine F. (2019-12-06)
      The objective of the research was to quantify three antibiotic resistance genes (tetQ, cfxA and mefA) in the faeces of dairy cows following therapeutic and prophylactic antibiotic treatments. Manure collected from dairy ...
    • Antimicrobial Resistance Mitigation [ARM] Concept Paper 

      Vikesland, Peter J.; Alexander, Kathleen A.; Badgley, Brian D.; Krometis, Leigh Anne Henry; Knowlton, Katharine F.; Gohlke, Julia; Hall, Ralph P.; Hawley, Dana M.; Heath, Lenwood S.; Hession, W. Cully; Hull, Robert Bruce, IV; Moeltner, Klaus; Ponder, Monica A.; Pruden, Amy; Schoenholtz, Stephen H.; Wu, Xiaowei; Xia, Kang; Zhang, Liqing (Virginia Tech, 2017-05-15)
      The development of viable solutions to the global threat of antimicrobial resistance requires a transdisciplinary approach that simultaneously considers the clinical, biological, social, economic, and environmental drivers ...
    • Antimicrobial Resistance Prediction in PATRIC and RAST 

      Davis, James J.; Boisvert, Sebastien; Brettin, Thomas; Kenyon, Ronald W.; Mao, Chunhong; Olson, Robert; Overbeek, Ross; Santerre, John; Shukla, Maulik; Wattam, Alice R.; Will, Rebecca; Xia, Fangfang; Stevens, Rick (Springer Nature, 2016-06-14)
      The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) mechanisms in bacterial pathogens, coupled with the dwindling number of effective antibiotics, has created a global health crisis. Being able to identify the genetic ...
    • Are There Alternative Methods for Treating Wastewater in the Rural Southeast 

      Withers, Urban; Thompson, Tess; Krometis, Leigh Anne Henry; Burchell, Michael (2016-06-08)
      The treatment of municipal wastewater is widely considered one of the greatest environmental health achievements of the 20th century; however, insufficient household wastewater disposal systems – such as piping raw sewage ...
    • Assessing the Effects of Climate Change on Water Quantity and Quality in an Urban Watershed Using a Calibrated Stormwater Model 

      Alamdari, Nasrin; Sample, David J.; Steinberg, Peter; Ross, Andrew C.; Easton, Zachary M. (MDPI, 2017-06-27)
      Assessing climate change (CC) impacts on urban watersheds is difficult due to differences in model spatial and temporal scales, making prediction of hydrologic restoration a challenge. A methodology was developed using an ...
    • Assessing the Impact of the CIP Genebank 

      Brenal-Galeano, Vivian; Shirey, Emma; Alwang, Jeffrey; Anglin, Noelle L.; Ellis, David; Hareau, Guy; Pradel, Willy; Norton, George (2018-10-03)
    • Assessment and validation of total water storage in the Chesapeake Bay watershed using GRACE 

      Sridhar, Venkataramana; Ali, Syed Azhar; Lakshmi, Venkataraman (Elsevier, 2019-05-22)
      The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States, and its catchment has heterogeneous hydrological and geomorphologic characteristics. It includes seven major river basins: James, Patuxent, Potomac, Rappahannock, ...
    • Assessment of Nutrient Limitation in Floodplain Forests with Two Different Techniques 

      Neatrour, Matthew A.; Jones, Robert H.; Golladay, Stephen W. (Hindawi, 2008-05-15)
      We assessed nitrogen and phosphorus limitation in a floodplain forest in southern Georgia in USA using two commonly used methods: nitrogen to phosphorus (N:P) ratios in litterfall and fertilized ingrowth cores. We measured ...
    • Branched Peptide Boronic Acids (BPBAs): A Novel Mode of Binding Towards RNA 

      Zhang, Wenyu; Bryson, David I.; Crumpton, Jason B.; Wynn, Jessica; Santos, Webster L. (The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2013-02-07)
      We report branched peptideboronic acids (BPBAs) that bind to RRE IIB from an on-bead high-throughput screening of a 3.3.4-library (46 656 compounds). We demonstrate that boronic acids are tunable moieties that afford a ...
    • Bridging the Information Gap with Cost-Effective Dissemination Strategies: The Case of Integrated Pest Management in Bangladesh 

      Harris, Leah M.; Norton, George W.; Rezaul Karim, A.N.M.; Alwang, Jeffrey; Taylor, Daniel B. (Southern Agricultural Economics Association, 2013)
      Cost-effective extension strategies are needed to promote widespread adoption of agricultural technologies in developing countries. Integrated pest management (IPM) practices, for example, can offer economic, health, and ...
    • Campylobacter jejuni - An emerging foodborne pathogen 

      Altekruse, Sean Fitzgerald; Stern, NJ; Fields, PI; Swerdlow, DL (1999-01)
      Campylobacter jejuni is the most commonly reported bacterial cause of foodborne infection in the United States. Adding to the human and economic costs are chronic sequelae associated with C. jejuni infection-Guillain-Barre ...
    • A case for conserving common species 

      Frimpong, Emmanuel A. (PLOS, 2018-02-07)
      I grew up in a country where fish were, first and foremost, food. At the age of nine or so, I started following my dad and uncle to nearby rivers to fish on weekends, and soon I learned to make my own tackle and go back ...
    • The Changing Face of Water: A Dynamic Reflection of Antibiotic Resistance Across Landscapes 

      Sanderson, Claire E.; Fox, J. Tyler; Dougherty, Eric R.; Cameron, Andrew D. S.; Alexander, Kathleen A. (Frontiers, 2018-09-06)
      Little is known about the role of surface water in the propagation of antibiotic resistance (AR), or the relationship between AR and water quality declines. While healthcare and agricultural sectors are considered the main ...
    • Chasing Water in a Rapidly Changing World 

      Richter, Brian; Hopkins, William A. (Virginia Tech. University Libraries, 2017-04-07)
      Water shortages are now affecting half the world’s population, disrupting food and energy security as well as urban water supplies in many cities. The overuse of water and associated drying of rivers, lakes, and aquifers ...
    • Choosing a Sustainable Future: SANREM CRSP 1999 Annual Report 

      Cason, K. (ed.) (Watkinsville, Ga.: SANREM CRSP, 2000)
      This document describes the progress of the SANREM CRSP for the period June 1, 1999 to May 31, 2000.