The DA Data and Decisions advances the human condition and society with better decisions through data. D&D integrates all DAs and SGAs with data analytics and decision sciences.  Work in this area embraces equity in the human condition by seeking the equitable distribution and availability of physical safety and well-being, psychological well-being, respect for human dignity, and access to crucial material and social resources throughout the world’s diverse communities. D&D also addresses policymaking and policy analysis, collaborating at the intersection of scientific evidence, governance, and analyses to translate scholarship into practice.

Recent Submissions

  • What’s in a Font?: Ideological Perceptions of Typography 

    Haenschen, Katherine; Tamul, Daniel J. (2019-12-20)
    Although extensive political communication research considers the content of candidate messages, scholars have largely ignored how those words are rendered – specifically, the typefaces in which they are set. If typefaces ...
  • Data Mining to Improve Planning for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety 

    Jahangiri, Arash; Hasani, Mahdie; Sener, Ipek N.; Munira, Sirajum; Owens, Justin; Appleyard, Bruce; Ryan, Sherry; Turner, Shawn M.; Machiani, Sahar Ghanipoor (SAFE-D: Safety Through Disruption National University Transportation Center, 2019-11)
    Between 2009 and 2016, the number of pedestrian and bicyclist fatalities saw a marked trend upward. Taken together, the overall percentage of pedestrian and bicycle crashes now accounts for 18% of total roadway fatalities, ...
  • Rural physical activity interventions in the United States: a systematic review and RE-AIM evaluation 

    Bhuiyan, Nishat; Singh, Pritika; Harden, Samantha M.; Mama, Scherezade K. (2019-12-27)
    Abstract Background Previous reviews of rural physical activity interventions were focused on intervention effectiveness and had reported overall mixed findings. The purpose ...
  • Immersive Analytics: Theory and Research Agenda 

    Skarbez, Richard; Polys, Nicholas F.; Ogle, J. Todd; North, Chris; Bowman, Doug A. (Frontiers, 2019-09-10)
    Advances in a variety of computing fields, including "big data," machine learning, visualization, and augmented/mixed/virtual reality, have combined to give rise to the emerging field of immersive analytics, which investigates ...
  • Understanding an Urban Park through Big Data 

    Sim, Jisoo; Miller, Patrick A. (MDPI, 2019-10-10)
    To meet the needs of park users, planners and designers must know what park users want to do and how they want the park to offer different activities. Big data may help planners and designers gain this knowledge. This study ...
  • SIPsmartER delivered through rural, local health districts: adoption and implementation outcomes 

    Porter, Kathleen J.; Brock, Donna J.; Estabrooks, Paul A.; Perzynski, Katelynn M.; Hecht, Erin R.; Ray, Pamela; Kruzliakova, Natalie; Cantrell, Eleanor S.; Zoellner, Jamie M. (2019-09-18)
    Abstract Background SIPsmartER is a 6-month evidenced-based, multi-component behavioral intervention that targets sugar-sweetened beverages among adults. It consists of ...
  • Falling Back on Numbers: When Preference for Numerical Product Information Increases after a Personal Control Threat 

    Lembregts, Christophe; Pandelaere, Mario (2019-02)
    Despite the ubiquity of numerical information in consumers' lives, prior research has provided limited insights to marketers about when numerical information exerts greater impact on decisions. This study offers evidence ...
  • Can long-term historical data from electronic medical records improve surveillance for epidemics of acute respiratory infections? A systematic evaluation 

    Zheng, Hongzhang; Woodall, William H.; Carlson, Abigail L.; DeLisle, Sylvain (PLOS, 2018-01-31)
    Background As the deployment of electronic medical records (EMR) expands, so is the availability of long-term datasets that could serve to enhance public health surveillance. We hypothesized that EMR-based surveillance ...
  • Application of alignment-free bioinformatics methods to identify an oomycete protein with structural and functional similarity to the bacterial AvrE effector protein 

    Deb, Devdutta; Mackey, David; Opiyo, Stephen O.; McDowell, John M. (PLOS, 2018-04-11)
    Diverse plant pathogens export effector proteins to reprogram host cells. One of the most challenging goals in the molecular plant-microbe field is to functionally characterize the complex repertoires of effectors secreted ...
  • The iPlant collaborative: cyberinfrastructure for plant biology 

    Goff, Stephen A.; Vaughn, Matthew; McKay, Sheldon; Lyons, Eric; Stapleton, Ann E.; Gessler, Damian; Matasci, Naim; Wang, Liya; Hanlon, Matthew; Lenards, Andrew; Muir, Andy; Merchant, Nirav; Lowry, Sonya; Mock, Stephen; Helmke, Matthew; Kubach, Adam; Narro, Martha; Hopkins, Nicole; Micklos, David; Hilgert, Uwe; Gonzales, Michael; Jordan, Chris; Skidmore, Edwin; Dooley, Rion; Cazes, John; McLay, Robert; Lu, Zhenyuan; Pasternak, Shiran; Koesterke, Lars; Piel, William H.; Grene, Ruth; Noutsos, Christos; Gendler, Karla; Feng, Xin; Tang, Chunlao; Lent, Monica; Kim, Seung-Jin; Kvilekval, Kristian; Manjunath, B. S.; Tannen, Val; Stamatakis, Alexandros; Sanderson, Michael; Welch, Stephen M.; Cranston, Karen A.; Soltis, Pamela; Soltis, Doug; O'Meara, Brian; Ane, Cecile; Brutnell, Tom; Kleibenstein, Daniel J.; White, Jeffery W.; Leebens-Mack, James; Donoghue, Michael J.; Spalding, Edgar P.; Vision, Todd J.; Myers, Christopher R.; Lowenthal, David; Enquist, Brian J.; Boyle, Brad; Akoglu, Ali; Andrews, Greg; Ram, Sudha; Ware, Doreen; Stein, Lincoln; Stanzione, Dan (Frontiers, 2011)
    The iPlant Collaborative (iPlant) is a United States National Science Foundation (NSF) funded project that aims to create an innovative, comprehensive, and foundational cyberinfrastructure in support of plant biology ...
  • Improvements to PATRIC, the all-bacterial Bioinformatics Database and Analysis Resource Center 

    Wattam, Alice R.; Davis, James J.; Assaf, Rida; Boisvert, Sebastien; Brettin, Thomas; Bun, Christopher; Conrad, Neal; Dietrich, Emily M.; Disz, Terry; Gabbard, Joseph L.; Gerdes, Svetlana; Henry, Christopher S.; Kenyon, Ronald W.; Machi, Dustin; Mao, Chunhong; Nordberg, Eric K.; Olsen, Gary J.; Murphy-Olson, Daniel E.; Olson, Robert; Overbeek, Ross; Parrello, Bruce; Pusch, Gordon D.; Shukla, Maulik; Vonstein, Veronika; Warren, Andrew; Xia, Fangfang; Yoo, Hyunseung; Stevens, Rick L. (2017-01-04)
    The Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC) is the bacterial Bioinformatics Resource Center (https://www.patricbrc.org). Recent changes to PATRIC include a redesign of the web interface and some new services that ...
  • Older Ghanaian adults’ perceptions of physical activity: an exploratory, mixed methods study 

    Balis, Laura E.; Sowatey, Godfred; Ansong-Gyimah, Kwame; Ofori, Eunice; Harden, Samantha M. (2019-03-15)
    Abstract Background Ghana is experiencing an epidemiological shift in public health issues toward non-communicable diseases that are underpinned by modifiable health ...
  • Characterization and prediction of tropical cyclone forerunner surge 

    Liu, Yi; Irish, Jennifer L. (Elsevier, 2019)
    Forerunner surge, a water level rise ahead of tropical cyclone landfall, often strikes coastal communities unexpectedly, stranding people and increasing loss of life. Surge forecasting systems and emergency managers almost ...
  • EpiViewer: an epidemiological application for exploring time series data 

    Thorve, Swapna; Wilson, Mandy L.; Lewis, Bryan L.; Swarup, Samarth; Vullikanti, Anil Kumar S.; Marathe, Madhav V. (2018-11-22)
    Abstract Background Visualization plays an important role in epidemic time series analysis and forecasting. Viewing time series data plotted on a graph can help researchers ...
  • Connecting the Dots between PubMed Abstracts 

    Hossain, M. Shahriar; Gresock, Joseph; Edmonds, Yvette M.; Helm, Richard; Potts, Malcolm; Ramakrishnan, Naren (PLOS, 2012-01-03)
    Background There are now a multitude of articles published in a diversity of journals providing information about genes, proteins, pathways, and diseases. Each article investigates subsets of a biological process, but ...
  • Mathematical Models of E-Antigen Mediated Immune Tolerance and Activation following Prenatal HBV Infection 

    Ciupe, Stanca M.; Hews, Sarah (PLOS, 2012-07-02)
    We develop mathematical models for the role of hepatitis B e-antigen in creating immunological tolerance during hepatitis B virus infection and propose mechanisms for hepatitis B e-antigen clearance, subsequent emergence ...
  • Supporting maintenance of sugar-sweetened beverage reduction using automated versus live telephone support: findings from a randomized control trial 

    Zoellner, Jamie M.; You, Wen; Estabrooks, Paul A.; Chen, Yvonnes; Davy, Brenda M.; Porter, Kathleen J.; Hedrick, Valisa E.; Bailey, Angela; Kružliaková, Natalie (2018-10-04)
    Abstract Background Although reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake is an important behavioral strategy to improve health, no known SSB-focused behavioral trial has ...
  • Stuck in Time: Negative Income Shock Constricts the Temporal Window of Valuation Spanning the Future and the Past 

    Bickel, Warren K.; Wilson, A. George; Chen, Chen; Koffarnus, Mikhail N.; Franck, Christopher T. (PLOS, 2016-09-15)
    Insufficient resources are associated with negative consequences including decreased valuation of future reinforcers. To determine if these effects result from scarcity, we examined the consequences of acute, abrupt changes ...
  • Can a Patient's In-Hospital Length of Stay and Mortality Be Explained by Early-Risk Assessments? 

    Azadeh-Fard, Nasibeh; Ghaffarzadegan, Navid; Camelio, Jaime A. (PLOS, 2016-09-15)
    Objective To assess whether a patient’s in-hospital length of stay (LOS) and mortality can be explained by early objective and/or physicians’ subjective-risk assessments. Data Sources/Study Setting Analysis of a ...
  • Bioinformatic Analysis of Coronary Disease Associated SNPs and Genes to Identify Proteins Potentially Involved in the Pathogenesis of Atherosclerosis 

    Mao, Chunhong; Howard, Timothy D.; Sullivan, Dan; Fu, Zongming; Yu, Guoqiang; Parker, Sarah J.; Will, Rebecca; Vander Heide, Richard S.; Wang, Yue; Hixson, James; Van Eyk, Jennifer; Herrington, David M. (Open Access Pub, 2017-03-04)
    Factors that contribute to the onset of atherosclerosis may be elucidated by bioinformatic techniques applied to multiple sources of genomic and proteomic data. The results of genome wide association studies, such as the ...

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