The Importance of Technical Barriers to Agri-Food Trade: Evidence from the TBT Specific Trade Concerns Raised at the WTO
Cororaton, Caesar B.
MetadataShow full item record
This Working Paper distinguishes between 212 specific trade concerns (STCs) related to regulatory measures affecting trade of agri-food products and 336 concerning other products. These STCs were discussed at the WTO during 1995-2017 with respect to members’ rights and obligations under the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade. The paper has three broad components. First, we document an increase not decline in the relative importance of STCs concerning agri-food products in a recent (2006-2017) compared to early (1995-2005) sub-period. Second, we assess the frequencies and correlations among objectives of members whose regulatory measures STCs have been directed toward and the issues raised by members with concerns about those measures. We find a number of broad similarities between the STCs concerning agri-food and other product but also some important differences. Third, our analysis addresses participation of 73 members in these STCs, distinguishing at an aggregated level between developed and developing members and disaggregating into eight groups based on WTO self-designation and World Bank income criteria. Developed members raising STCs directed toward developing members dominates participation concerning both agri-food and other products, followed by developing members raising STCs directed toward developed members. Disaggregation into the eight groups provides additional insights.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Chupungco, A. (Laguna, Philippines: University of the Philippines Los Baños. Institute of Strategic Planning and Policy Studies, 2003)This paper analyzes corn prices and the policy environment for the crop in terms of import policies, tariffs, and other trade policies embodied in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade-World Trade Organization (GATT-WTO). ...
Conflict of trade-facilitating environmental regulations with biodiversity concerns: the case of coffee-farming units in India Damodaran, A. (Elsevier Science Ltd., 2002)Coffee farming units of India, with their strong orientation to export markets, have in the World Trade Organization (WTO) era, displayed a high propensity for compliance with trade facilitating environmental norms arising ...
Making environmental markets work: Lessons from early experience with sulfur, carbon, wetlands, and other related markets Bayon, R. (Washington, D.C.: Forest Trends, 2004)Ever since the passage of the 1990 amendments to the US Clean Air act and the creation of a market in sulfur dioxide (SO2), it has become clear that market mechanisms can be effectively used to achieve environmental policies. ...