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Recent Submissions

  • Modeling Coastal Environmental Change and the Tsunami Hazard 

    Weiss, Robert; Dura, Tina; Irish, Jennifer L. (Frontiers, 2022-05-02)
    The hazard from earthquake-generated tsunami waves is not only determined by the earthquake's magnitude and mechanisms, and distance to the earthquake area, but also by the geomorphology of the nearshore and onshore areas, ...
  • Five state factors control progressive stages of freshwater salinization syndrome 

    Kaushal, Sujay S.; Mayer, Paul M.; Likens, Gene E.; Reimer, Jenna E.; Maas, Carly M.; Rippy, Megan A.; Grant, Stanley B.; Hart, Ian; Utz, Ryan M.; Shatkay, Ruth R.; Wessel, Barret M.; Maietta, Christine E.; Pace, Michael L.; Duan, Shuiwang; Boger, Walter L.; Yaculak, Alexis M.; Galella, Joseph G.; Wood, Kelsey L.; Morel, Carol J.; Nguyen, William; Querubin, Shane Elizabeth C.; Sukert, Rebecca A.; Lowien, Anna; Houde, Alyssa Wellman; Roussel, Anais; Houston, Andrew J.; Cacopardo, Ari; Ho, Cristy; Talbot-Wendlandt, Haley; Widmer, Jacob M.; Slagle, Jairus; Bader, James A.; Chong, Jeng Hann; Wollney, Jenna; Kim, Jordan; Shepherd, Lauren; Wilfong, Matthew T.; Houlihan, Megan; Sedghi, Nathan; Butcher, Rebecca; Chaudhary, Sona; Becker, William D. (Wiley, 2022-03-16)
    Factors driving freshwater salinization syndrome (FSS) influence the severity of impacts and chances for recovery. We hypothesize that spread of FSS across ecosystems is a function of interactions among five state factors: ...
  • Can Smart Stormwater Systems Outsmart the Weather? Stormwater Capture with Real-Time Control in Southern California 

    Parker, Emily A.; Grant, Stanley B.; Sahin, Abdullah; Vrugt, Jasper A.; Brand, Matthew W. (2022-01-14)
    Stormwater capture systems have the potential to address many urban stormwater management challenges, particularly in water-scarce regions like Southern California. Here, we investigate the potential best-case limits of ...
  • Rapid prediction of peak storm surge from tropical cyclone track time series using machine learning 

    Lee, Jun-Whan; Irish, Jennifer L.; Bensi, Michelle T.; Marcy, Douglas C. (Elsevier, 2021-12-01)
    Rapid and accurate prediction of peak storm surges across an extensive coastal region is necessary to inform assessments used to design the systems that protect coastal communities’ life and property. Significant advances ...
  • Prevalence of Microplastics in the Eastern Oyster Crassostrea virginica in the Chesapeake Bay: The Impact of Different Digestion Methods on Microplastic Properties 

    Aung, Thet; Batish, Inayat; Ovissipour, Reza (MDPI, 2022-01-10)
    This study aimed to determine the microplastic prevalence in eastern oysters (C. virginica) in three sites in the Chesapeake Bay in Virginia and optimize the digestion methods. The digestion results illustrate that ...
  • Changing impacts of Alaska-Aleutian subduction zone tsunamis in California under future sea-level rise 

    Dura, Tina; Garner, Andra J.; Weiss, Robert; Kopp, Robert E.; Engelhart, Simon E.; Witter, Robert C.; Briggs, Richard W.; Mueller, Charles S.; Nelson, Alan R.; Horton, Benjamin P. (Springer Nature, 2021-12-08)
    The amplification of coastal hazards such as distant-source tsunamis under future relative sea-level rise (RSLR) is poorly constrained. In southern California, the Alaska-Aleutian subduction zone has been identified as an ...
  • Anticipating and adapting to the future impacts of climate change on the health, security and welfare of low elevation coastal zone (LECZ) communities in Southeastern USA 

    Allen, Thomas; Behr, Joshua; Bukvic, Anamaria; Calder, Ryan S. D.; Caruson, Kiki; Connor, Charles; D'Elia, Christopher; Dismukes, David; Ersing, Robin; Franklin, Rima; Goldstein, Jesse; Goodall, Jonathon; Hemmerling, Scott; Irish, Jennifer L.; Lazarus, Steven; Loftis, Derek; Luther, Mark; McCallister, Leigh; McGlathery, Karen; Mitchell, Molly; Moore, William B.; Nichols, C. Reid; Nunez, Karinna; Reidenbach, Matthew; Shortridge, Julie; Weisberg, Robert; Weiss, Robert; Donelson Wright, Lynn; Xia, Meng; Xu, Kehui; Young, Donald; Zarillo, Gary; Zinnert, Julie C. (MDPI, 2021-10-29)
    Low elevation coastal zones (LECZ) are extensive throughout the southeastern United States. LECZ communities are threatened by inundation from sea level rise, storm surge, wetland degradation, land subsidence, and hydrological ...
  • Considering COVID-19 through the Lens of Hazard and Disaster Research 

    Ritchie, Liesel; Gill, Duane (MDPI, 2021-06-30)
    Decades of social science research have taught us much about how individuals, groups, and communities respond to disasters. The findings of this research have helped inform emergency management practices, including disaster ...
  • Predicting Solute Transport Through Green Stormwater Infrastructure With Unsteady Transit Time Distribution Theory 

    Parker, E. A.; Grant, Stanley B.; Cao, Y.; Rippy, Megan A.; McGuire, Kevin J.; Holden, P. A.; Feraud, M.; Avasarala, S.; Liu, H.; Hung, W. C.; Rugh, M.; Jay, J.; Peng, J.; Shao, S.; Li, D. (2021-02)
    In this study, we explore the use of unsteady transit time distribution (TTD) theory to model solute transport in biofilters, a popular form of nature-based or "green" storm water infrastructure (GSI). TTD theory has the ...
  • Addressing the Contribution of Indirect Potable Reuse to Inland Freshwater Salinization 

    Bhide, Shantanu V.; Grant, Stanley B.; Parker, Emily A.; Rippy, Megan A.; Godrej, Adil N.; Kaushal, Sujay S.; Prelewicz, Gregory; Saji, Niffy; Curtis, Shannon; Vikesland, Peter J.; Maile-Moskowitz, Ayella; Edwards, Marc A.; Lopez, Kathryn; Birkland, Thomas A.; Schenk, Todd (2021-02-02)
    Inland freshwater salinity is rising worldwide, a phenomenon called the freshwater salinization syndrome (FSS). We investigate a potential conflict between managing the FSS and indirect potable reuse, the practice of ...
  • Unifying Advective and Diffusive Descriptions of Bedform Pumping in the Benthic Biolayer of Streams 

    Grant, Stanley B.; Monofy, Ahmed; Boano, Fulvio; Gomez-Velez, Jesus D.; Guymer, Ian; Harvey, Judson; Ghisalberti, Marco (2020-09-01)
    Many water quality and ecosystem functions performed by streams occur in the benthic biolayer, the biologically active upper (similar to 5 cm) layer of the streambed. Solute transport through the benthic biolayer is ...
  • A One-Dimensional Model for Turbulent Mixing in the Benthic Biolayer of Stream and Coastal Sediments 

    Grant, Stanley B.; Gomez-Velez, Jesus D.; Ghisalberti, Marco; Guymer, Ian; Boano, Fulvio; Roche, Kevin; Harvey, Judson (2020-12)
    In this paper, we develop and validate a rigorous modeling framework, based on Duhamel's Theorem, for the unsteady one-dimensional vertical transport of a solute across a flat sediment-water interface (SWI) and through the ...
  • Research Needs, Challenges, and Strategic Approaches for Natural Hazards and Disaster Reconnaissance 

    Wartman, Joseph; Berman, Jeffrey W.; Bostrom, Ann; Miles, Scott B.; Olsen, Michael; Gurley, Kurtis; Irish, Jennifer L.; Lowes, Laura; Tanner, Troy; Dafni, Jake; Grilliot, Michael; Lyda, Andrew; Peltier, Jaqueline (2020-11-10)
    Natural hazards and disaster reconnaissance investigations have provided many lessons for the research and practice communities and have greatly improved our scientific understanding of extreme events. Yet, many challenges ...
  • Early Holocene Greenland-ice mass loss likely triggered earthquakes and tsunami 

    Steffen, Rebekka; Steffen, Holger; Weiss, Robert; Lecavalier, Benoit S.; Milne, Glenn A.; Woodroffe, Sarah A.; Bennike, Ole (2020-09-15)
    Due to their large mass, ice sheets induce significant stresses in the Earth's crust. Stress release during deglaciation can trigger large-magnitude earthquakes, as indicated by surface faults in northern Europe. Although ...
  • Inactivation of Aeromonas hydrophila and Vibrio parahaemolyticus by Curcumin-Mediated Photosensitization and Nanobubble-Ultrasonication Approaches 

    Rafeeq, Shamil; Shiroodi, Setareh; Schwarz, Michael H.; Nitin, Nitin; Ovissipour, Mahmoudreza (MDPI, 2020-09-16)
    The antimicrobial efficacy of novel photodynamic inactivation and nanobubble technologies was evaluated against Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Aeromonas hydrophila as two important aquatic microbial pathogens. ...
  • Systematic Review Shows That Work Done by Storm Waves Can Be Misinterpreted as Tsunami-Related Because Commonly Used Hydrodynamic Equations Are Flawed 

    Cox, Ronadh; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Dias, Frederic; Autret, Ronan; Beisiegel, Nicole; Earlie, Claire S.; Herterich, James G.; Kennedy, Andrew; Paris, Raphael; Raby, Alison; Schmitt, Pal; Weiss, Robert (2020-02-05)
    Coastal boulder deposits (CBD), transported by waves at elevations above sea level and substantial distances inland, are markers for marine incursions. Whether they are tsunami or storm deposits can be difficult to determine, ...