Nano@lignocellulose intercalated montmorillonite as adsorbent for effective Mn(II) removal from aqueous solution

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Springer Nature

This paper describes the preparation of nano@lignocellulose (nano@LC) and a nano@lignocellulose/montmorillonite (nano@LC/MT) nanocomposite, as well as the capacity of the nano@LC/MT for adsorbing manganese ions from aqueous solution. The structure of nano@LC and nano@LC/MT was characterised by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Scanning electron microscopy, and Transmission electron microscopy, which revealed that the diffraction peak of montmorillonite almost disappeared, infrared bands of the functional groups shifted, and morphology of the material changed after the formation of the composite. The optimum conditions for the adsorption of Mn(II) on the nano@LC/MT nanocomposite were investigated in detail by changing the initial Mn(II) concentration, pH, adsorption temperature, and time. The results revealed that the adsorption capacity of the nano@LC/MT nanocomposite for Mn(II) reached 628.0503 mg/g at a Mn(II) initial concentration of 900 mg/L, solution pH 5.8, adsorption temperature 55 degrees C, and adsorption time 160 min. Adsorption kinetics experiments revealed good agreement between the experimental data and the pseudo-second order kinetic model. The experimental data was satisfactorily fitted to the Langmuir isotherm. Adsorption-desorption results showed that nano@LC/MT exhibited excellent reusability. The adsorption mechanism was investigated through FT-IR and EDX spectroscopic analyses. The results suggested that nano@LC/MT have great potential in removing Mn(II) from water.

heavy-metal ions, waste-water, biosorption, adsorption, manganese, nanocomposites, pretreatment, degradation, cellulose, kinetics