Small-scale enterprise livelihoods and social capital in eastern Indonesia: Ethnic embeddedness and exclusion

dc.contributor.authorTurner, S.en
dc.contributor.departmentSustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management (SANREM) Knowledgebaseen
dc.coverage.spatialEastern Indonesiaen
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-19T19:30:52Zen
dc.date.available2016-04-19T19:30:52Zen
dc.date.issued2007en
dc.descriptionMetadata only recorden
dc.description.abstractThis paper reflects on the importance of social capital for small-scale enterprise livelihoods. At the same time the article also recognizes that in order to fully understand its dynamics we need to be aware of the local sociocultural complexities. This qualitative study was conducted in Eastern Indonesia, and questionnaires were completed by nearly 400 small-scale entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs depend on informal networks, linkages, and trust relationships for their livelihoods. These dependences show different social capital forms, where people rely on their networks for monetary transactions more than on institutions. Social capital is embedded in local ethnic and social relations more than gender and age. Networks and linkages have both positive and negative effects; what is inclusive for some is also exclusive to others based on ethnicity, migrant status, employment status etc. Findings show that even though bonding social capital is widespread, bridging social capital is less common, and linking social capital is virtually absent. The absence of linking social capital prevents entrepreneurs from even being aware of different types of assistance. This combined with widespread corruption in the city, hinders livelihood progress for many local entrepreneurs.en
dc.format.mimetypetext/plainen
dc.identifier3203en
dc.identifier.citationThe Professional Geographer 59(4): 407-420en
dc.identifier.issn0033-0124en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/67347en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherOxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing on behalf of the Association of American Geographersen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2007 Association of American Geographers.en
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectLivelihoodsen
dc.subjectSocial capitalen
dc.subjectIndonesiaen
dc.subjectMakassaren
dc.subjectSmall-scale enterprisesen
dc.subjectNetworksen
dc.subjectMethodologyen
dc.titleSmall-scale enterprise livelihoods and social capital in eastern Indonesia: Ethnic embeddedness and exclusionen
dc.typeAbstracten
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
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