The Impact of Driver Inattention on Near-Crash/Crash Risk: An Analysis Using the 100-Car Naturalistic Driving Study Data

dc.contributorVirginia Tech Transportation Instituteen
dc.contributorWaugh, Rossen
dc.contributor.authorKlauer, Charlieen
dc.contributor.authorDingus, Thomas A.en
dc.contributor.authorNeale, Vicki L.en
dc.contributor.authorSudweeks, Jeremy D.en
dc.contributor.authorRamsey, D. J.en
dc.date.accessed2015-07-29en
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-31T20:05:14Zen
dc.date.available2015-07-31T20:05:14Zen
dc.date.issued2006-04en
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this report was to conduct in-depth analyses of driver inattention using the driving data collected in the 100-Car Naturalistic Driving Study. An additional database of baseline epochs was reduced from the raw data and used in conjunction with the crash and near-crash data identified as part of the original 100-Car Study to account for exposure and establish near-crash/crash risk. The analyses presented in this report are able to establish direct relationships between driving behavior and crash and near-crash involvement. Risk was calculated (odds ratios) using both crash and near-crash data as well as normal baseline driving data for various sources of inattention. The corresponding population attributable risk percentages were also calculated to estimate the percentage of crashes and near-crashes occurring in the population resulting from inattention. Additional analyses involved: driver willingness to engage in distracting tasks or driving while drowsy; analyses with survey and test battery responses; and the impact of driver’s eyes being off of the forward roadway. The results indicated that driving while drowsy results in a four- to six-times higher near-crash/crash risk relative to alert drivers. Drivers engaging in visually and/or manually complex tasks have a three-times higher near-crash/crash risk than drivers who are attentive. There are specific environmental conditions in which engaging in secondary tasks or driving while drowsy is more dangerous, including intersections, wet roadways, and areas of high traffic density. Short, brief glances away from the forward roadway for the purpose of scanning the driving environment are safe and actually decrease near-crash/crash risk. Even in the cases of secondary task engagement, if the task is simple and requires a single short glance the risk is elevated only slightly, if at all. However, glances totaling more than 2 seconds for any purpose increase near-crash/crash risk by at least two times that of normal, baseline driving.en
dc.description.sponsorshipUnited States. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Office of Human-Vehicle Performance Researchen
dc.format.extent226 pagesen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.citationKlauer, S. G., Dingus, T. A., Neale, V. L., Sudweeks, J. D., & Ramsey, D. J. (2006). The impact of driver inattention on near-crash/crash risk: An analysis using the 100-car naturalistic driving study data. (FHWA-HRT-04-138). Washington, DC: United States. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Retrieved from http://www.nhtsa.gov/DOT/NHTSA/NRD/Multimedia/PDFs/Crash%20Avoidance/2006/DriverInattention.pdf.en
dc.identifier.govdocDOT-HS-810594en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/55090en
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.nhtsa.gov/DOT/NHTSA/NRD/Multimedia/PDFs/Crash%20Avoidance/2006/DriverInattention.pdfen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherUnited States. National Highway Traffic Safety Administrationen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subject100-caren
dc.subjectNaturalisticen
dc.subjectIntelligent Vehicle Initiativeen
dc.subjectDriver behavioren
dc.subjectHuman factorsen
dc.subjectInattentionen
dc.subjectDistractionen
dc.subjectEyes Off Forward Roadwayen
dc.subjectDriver Drowsinessen
dc.titleThe Impact of Driver Inattention on Near-Crash/Crash Risk: An Analysis Using the 100-Car Naturalistic Driving Study Dataen
dc.typeGovernment documenten
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
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