Agricultural extension: Good intentions and hard realities

TR Number
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/World Bank

What considerations leader policymakers to invest in agricultural extension as a key public responsibility, and what factors and agency incentives explain differences in extension system performance? To help answer these questions, this article provides a framework outlining farmers' demand for information, the public goods character of extension services, and the organizational and political attributes affecting the performance of extension systems. This conceptual framework is used to analyze several extension modalities and their likely and actual effectiveness. The analysis highlights the efficiency gains that can come from locally decentralized delivery systems with incentive structures based on largely private provision, although in most poorer countries extension services will remain publicly funded.

Metadata only record
Extension service, Decentralization, Agricultural extension, Farmers, Demand for information, Decentralized delivery systems, Public funds, Knowledge base, Human capital, Farm/Enterprise Scale
The World Bank Research Observer 19(1): 41-60