Intermediate ferroelectric orthorhombic and monoclinic M-B phases in [110] electric-field-cooled Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O-3-30%PbTiO3 crystals

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Date
2005-08-01
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Publisher
American Physical Society
Abstract

Structural phase transformations of [110] electric-field-cooled Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O-3-30%PbTiO3 (PMN-30%PT) crystals have been performed by x-ray diffraction. A phase sequence of cubic (C)-> tetragonal (T)-> orthorhombic (O)-> monoclinic (M-B) was found on field cooling (FC); and a rhombohedral (R)-> M-B-> O sequence was observed with increasing field, beginning from the zero-field-cooled condition at room temperature. The application of the [110] electric field induced a dramatic change in the phase sequence in the FC condition, compared to the corresponding data for PMN-30%PT crystals in a [001] field, which shows that the phase sequence in the FC condition is altered by the crystallographic direction along which a modest electric field (E) is applied. Only when E is applied along [110] are intermediate O and M-B phases observed.

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Keywords
Single crystals, Piezoelectric properties, Polarization rotation, Transformations, Physics, Condensed matter
Citation
Cao, H.; Bai, F. M.; Wang, N. G.; Li, J. F.; Viehland, D.; Xu, G. Y.; Shirane, G., "Intermediate ferroelectric orthorhombic and monoclinic M-B phases in [110] electric-field-cooled Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O-3-30%PbTiO3 crystals," Phys. Rev. B 72, 064104 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.72.064104