Interaction of Spanwise Vortices with a Boundary Layer
The interaction of a spanwise vortex with a boundary layer has been numerically simulated using a fractional-step method. The incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are solved to accurately predict the strong viscous-inviscid interaction between a vortex either near or embedded within a boundary layer of comparable size. A strong vortex induces an eruption and the production of a secondary vortex. The secondary vortex causes the primary vortex to rebound, a response observed in many previous experiments and numerical simulations. However, weaker vortices as well do not follow the inviscid trajectory despite the absence of a secondary vortex. Rather than creating vorticity at the wall, a weaker vortex mainly redistributes the vorticity of the boundary layer, pulling it away from the wall. The redistributed vorticity alters the path of the vortex. In the laminar cases studied the decay of the vortex is not significantly altered by the boundary layer. (C) 1995 American Institute of Physics.