Market-Based Innovations for Environment Conservation in Brazil

TR Number



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



This presentation describes the physical characteristics of the Amazon region and the ineffectiveness of command and control regulations to address the rapid widespread deforestation that occurs. Several types of incentive-based regulation have been implemented in Brazil to promote protection of environmental resources, such as the Private Natural Heritage Reserve (RPPN), the ecological value-added tax (ICMS Ecológico), tradeable rights for legal reserves, and the Certified Forest Products Buyers Group. These market-based initiatives are described and evaluated.



Deforestation, Payments for environmental services, Government policy, Land use management, Conservation strategy, Conservation, Markets, Environmental law, PES, Incentive-based regulation, Economic instruments, Market-based initiatives, Private natural heritage reserve (rppn), Ecosystem Farm/Enterprise Scale Governance


Presented at the conference Market-based Approaches to Sustainable Forestry Development and Forestry-based Poverty Alleviation: Global Trends and Implications for China, Huang Shan (Yellow Mountain), China, 11-12 May 2001