Method and Apparatus for High-Permeability Magnetostrictive/Piezo-Fiber Laminates Having Colossal, Near-Ideal Magnetoelectricity
An ME composite laminate of at least one (1-3) piezo-fiber layer coupled with high-permeability alloy magnetostrictive layers, optionally formed of FeBSiC or equivalent. The composite laminate alternates the (1-3) piezo-fiber and high-permeability alloy magnetostrictive layers in a stacked manner. Optionally, the magnetization direction of the high-permeability alloy magnetostrictive layers and polarization direction of the piezo-fiber layer are an (L-L) arrangement. Optionally, thin film polymer layers are between the (1-3) piezo-fiber layer and high-permeability alloy magnetostrictive layers. Optionally, piezo-electric fibers within the (1-3) piezo-fiber layer are poled by inter-digitated electrodes supported by the thin film polymer, arranged as alternating symmetric longitudinally-poled “push-pull” units.