The effect of matrix and substrate on the coercivity and blocking temperature of self-assembled Ni nanoparticles

Abstract

We have shown that the magnetic properties of nanoparticles may be tuned from superparamagnetic to ferromagnetic by changing the substrate or thin film matrix in which they are embedded. Nickel nanoparticles were embedded into alumina, titanium nitride, and cerium oxide matrices on both silicon and sapphire substrates via pulsed laser deposition. The laser ablation time on the nickel target was kept constant. Only nickel nanoparticles in cerium oxide showed characteristics of ferromagnetism (room temperature coercivity and remanence). Ni nanoparticles, in either alumina or titanium nitride, possessed blocking temperatures below 200 K. Detailed scanning transmission electron microscopy analysis has been conducted on the samples embedded into cerium oxide on both substrates and related to the magnetic data. (c) 2008 American Institute of Physics.

Description
Keywords
Nickel, Sapphire, Nanoparticles, Coercive force, Thin film growth
Citation
Abiade, Jeremiah T., Oh, Sang Ho, Kumar, Dhananjay, Varela, Maria, Pennycook, Stephen, Guo, Haizhong, Gupta, Arunava, Sankar, Jagannathan (2008). The effect of matrix and substrate on the coercivity and blocking temperature of self-assembled Ni nanoparticles. Journal of Applied Physics, 104(7). doi: 10.1063/1.2992528