Active structural acoustic control of broadband disturbances
A control design technique is developed to actively suppress the acoustic power radiated from a structure, with negligible fluid loading, that is persistently excited by narrow-band or broadband disturbances. The problem is constrained by the assumption that the far-field pressure cannot be measured directly. A method for estimating the total radiated power from measurements on the structure is developed. Using this estimate as a cost function and assuming knowledge of the spectrum of the disturbance, a controller is designed using the linear-quadratic-Gaussian (LQG) theory to minimize the cost. Computer simulations of a clamped-clamped beam show that there is a significant difference in the total radiated power between a system with a vibration-suppression controller and a system with an acoustic controller that accounts for the coupling of these vibrations to the surrounding fluid. In some cases, the acoustic controller increases the system vibration in order to minimize the radiated power.