On the role of the present indicative in variable future-time reference in Hexagonal French

dc.contributor.authorGudmestad, Aarnesen
dc.contributor.authorEdmonds, Amandaen
dc.contributor.authorDonaldson, Bryanen
dc.contributor.authorCarmichael, Katieen
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-30T14:52:23Zen
dc.date.available2020-09-30T14:52:23Zen
dc.date.issued2018en
dc.description.abstractThis study investigates variable future-time expression among native speakers of Hexagonal French who participated in informal conversations. The quantitative analysis is the first to examine the inflectional future, periphrastic future, and present indicative as separate forms in a single statistical model of French oral production. Results indicate that temporal distance and presence/absence of a temporal expression predict use of these verb forms. The second phase of the analysis focused on the use of the present indicative in future-time contexts. The examination of each instance of the present indicative shows that an immediate lexical temporal indicator is not necessary for this form to convey futurity and that future-time reference is often established at the discourse level and occasionally through apparent shared knowledge between the interlocutors. This investigation suggests the value of including the present indicative in the analysis of future-time reference in Hexagonal French in order to fully capture variation.en
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1017/cnj.2017.41en
dc.identifier.issue1en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/100116en
dc.identifier.volume63en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherUniversity of Toronto Pressen
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
dc.subjectfuture-time referenceen
dc.subjectpresent indicativeen
dc.subjectHexagonal Frenchen
dc.subjectvariationen
dc.subjecttemporalityen
dc.titleOn the role of the present indicative in variable future-time reference in Hexagonal Frenchen
dc.title.serialCanadian Journal of Linguisticsen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
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