Analysis of farmer and extension agent preference in Nepal using Analytic Hierarchy Process

dc.contributor.authorChan-Halbrendt, Catherineen
dc.contributor.authorReed, Brinton F.en
dc.contributor.authorHalbrendt, Jacquelineen
dc.contributor.authorLai, Cynthiaen
dc.contributor.authorRadovich, Theodore J. K.en
dc.contributor.authorLimbu, P.en
dc.contributor.departmentSustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management (SANREM) Knowledgebaseen
dc.coverage.spatialHonoluluen
dc.coverage.spatialHawaiien
dc.coverage.spatialNepalen
dc.coverage.temporal2011 - 2012en
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-19T20:29:37Zen
dc.date.available2016-04-19T20:29:37Zen
dc.date.issued2012en
dc.descriptionMetadata only recorden
dc.description.abstractSubsistence farmers in Nepal rely on marginal lands that are subject to declining fertility due, in part, to traditional farming practices. These farmers regularly face critical decisions regarding which crops to produce and which production practices to adopt. The introduction of conservation agriculture (CA) practices has the potential to improve livelihoods and food security but depends on farmer perceptions and knowledge sharing between farmers and extension staff. This study uses Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to determine farmer and extension staff preferences for selected CA strategies. This data is then used to determine which practices have the highest likelihood of adoption, identify farmer incentives, and facilitate mutual understanding among farmers and extension agents. AHP was conducted in three villages and two organizations that provide extension services for rural subsistence communities. Overall, soil quality was identified as the most important factor affecting household income. Farmers preferred full till and cowpea monocrop while extension agents preferred strip till with cowpea /millet intercrop. Results suggest that (1) there is a knowledge gap among farmers regarding the advantages of minimal till and soil fertility; (2) farmers prefer short term profits over sustainable production; and (3) there is a lack of understanding between farmers and non-farmers regarding the effectiveness of intercropping. In order to maximize adoption of CA practices, farmer education and communications with extension agents should be improved by means of increasing the frequency of focus groups, workshops, and site visits.en
dc.description.notesLTRA-11 (CAPS among tribal societies in India and Nepal)en
dc.format.mimetypetext/plainen
dc.identifier5778en
dc.identifier.citationPresented at 24th Annual University of Hawaii at Manoa's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources and College of Engineering Student Research Symposium, 13--14 April 2012en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/69988en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherHonolulu, HI: University of Hawaii, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Managementen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectTraditional farmingen
dc.subjectFood securityen
dc.subjectModelingen
dc.subjectUniversitiesen
dc.subjectAgricultureen
dc.subjectAnalytic hierarchy processen
dc.subjectAhpen
dc.subjectMiddle Hillsen
dc.subjectNepalen
dc.subjectFood securityen
dc.subjectAgricultureen
dc.subjectTraditional farmingen
dc.subjectModeling,subsistence farmersen
dc.subjectFertilityen
dc.subjectFarmer preferencesen
dc.subjectExtensionen
dc.subjectFarm/Enterprise Scaleen
dc.titleAnalysis of farmer and extension agent preference in Nepal using Analytic Hierarchy Processen
dc.typeAbstracten
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
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