Knowledge systems in upland farming practices in the Philippines and implications for climate change adaptation

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Laguna, Philippines: University of the Philippines Los Baños


The paper focuses on the importance of multiple knowledge systems on enhancing the adaptive capacity of farming communities in the Philippines. It discusses the epistemologies of knowledge that are pertinent to strengthen the resilience of small farmers and farming households, who are one of the most vulnerable groups in the event of climatic variabilities, climatic extremes and climate change. It also brings to the discussion the need for effective communication systems to disseminate the knowledge systems related to climate change in order to promote sound adaptation strategies. The paper also draws insights from researches undertaken in Bukidnon and Misamis, Oriental Philippines.



Sustainable agriculture, Tropical zones, Agroforestry, The Philippines, Contour farming, Climate change adaptation


Presented at the International Conference on Climate Change Adaptation in Southeast Asia, Bali, Indonesia, 23-27 February 2008