Self-biased magnetoelectric response in three-phase laminates

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American Institute of Physics

This study reports the experimental observation and analysis of self-biased magnetoelectric (ME) effect in three-phase laminates. The 2-2 L-T mode laminates were fabricated by attaching nickel (Ni) plates and ME particulate composite plates having 3-0 connectivity with 0.948Na(0.5)K(0.5)NbO(3)-0.052LiSbO(3) (NKNLS) matrix and Ni(0.8)Zn(0.2)Fe(2)O(4) (NZF) dispersant. The presence of two types of ferromagnetic materials, Ni and NZF, results in built-in magnetic bias due to difference in their magnetic susceptibilities and coercivity. This built-in bias (H(bias)) provides finite ME effect at zero applied magnetic dc field. The ME response of bending mode trilayer laminate NKNLS-NZF/Ni/NKNLS-NZF in off-resonance and on-resonance conditions was shown to be mathematical combination of the trilayers with configuration NKNLS-NZF/Ni/NKNLS-NZF and NKNLS/Ni/NKNLS representing contributions from magnetic interaction and bending strain. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3493154]

Nickel, Laminates, Bending, Multilayers, Magnetic fields
Yang, Su-Chul, Park, Chee-Sung, Cho, Kyung-Hoon, Priya, Shashank (2010). Self-biased magnetoelectric response in three-phase laminates. Journal of Applied Physics, 108(9). doi: 10.1063/1.3493154