Estimating Human Cases of Avian Influenza A(H7N9) from Poultry Exposure
In March 2013 an outbreak of avian influenza A(H7N9) was first recognized in China. To date there have been 130 cases in human, 47% of which are in men over the age of 55.The influenza strain is a novel subtype not seen before in humans; little is known about zoonotic transmission of the virus, but it is hypothesized that contact with poultry in live bird markets may be a source of exposure. The purpose of this study is to estimate the transmissibility of the virus from poultry to humans by estimating the amount of time shoppers, farmers, and live bird market retailers spend exposed to poultry each day. Results suggest that increased risk among older men is not due to greater exposure time at live bird markets.