Learning to jump: a lesson manual for the novice rider

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Virginia Tech

The objectives of the manual are to introduce jumping to the novice rider, and serve as a guide for the initial steps of jumping. The manual covers the two-point position, the key component of learning to jump.

The jumping procedure is divided into four sections including: trotting poles, riding cross rails, verticals, and oxers. Trotting over poles gives the rider a feel for steering and movement of the horse.

A cross rail may be added to the end of the combination of trotting poles. A cross rail assists the rider in steering to the center. Once the rider is confident with the cross rail, the rider may proceed to a vertical. The next step may be removal of the trotting poles and continuing with the exercise at the canter.

Progress from the two-point position requires the rider to know how to perform the crest release. The crest release is demonstrated in the manual. This release allows the horse to use its neck over the jump. The rider must now be able to balance their position and weight with their leg.

The two different types of lines, straight and bending, are explained and illustrated in the manual. Stride measurements are indicated for the rider to set up correct distances between two jumps. A one strided line referred to as an in-and-out is described in the manual.

Finally, three different types of oxers are illustrated. Technique and structure of the oxers are explained to the rider.

equitation, jumping, manual, Horses