Andean livelihood strategies and the impact of market and climate shocks: Risks perceptions and coping mechanisms

Abstract

Andean families pursue their livelihood strategies in an environment of uncertainty shaped by market and climate risks. Production and consumption decisions remain interlinked due to limited, shallow or imperfect markets, especially for credit to protect against negative shocks. Risk perceptions inform decisions, as do insurance mechanisms. Risks are assessed from the point of view of women and men heads of household connecting perceptions and management or coping mechanisms. Perceptions are predicted by the dread the risk produces, the degree of control - knowledge of the risk, and the coping mechanisms. The latter includes the capitals invested - social, economic, cultural, and natural - in providing a buffer or in adaptation strategies. Trusted sources of information and networks are also evaluated to develop a framework for communication of changes in the Altiplano to improve adaptation to change.

Description
Keywords
Income diversification, Social capital, Livelihoods, Income generation, Vulnerability and risk, Rural livelihoods, Coping, Assets, Risks, Perceptions, Climate hazard, Market risks, Livelihood strategies, Andes, Climate change, Risk perceptions, Climate risks, Natural capital, Ecosystem Farm/Enterprise Scale
Citation
Presented at the SANREM CRSP 2008 Annual Meeting, Los Baños, The Philippines, 26-29 May 2008