An Application-Oriented Approach for Accelerating Data-Parallel Computation with Graphics Processing Unit

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TR Number

TR-09-05

Date

2009-03-01

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Publisher

Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University

Abstract

This paper presents a novel parallelization and quantitative characterization of various optimization strategies for data-parallel computation on a graphics processing unit (GPU) using NVIDIA's new GPU programming framework, Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA). CUDA is an easy-to-use development framework that has drawn the attention of many different application areas looking for dramatic speed-ups in their code. However, the performance tradeoffs in CUDA are not yet fully understood, especially for data-parallel applications. Consequently, we study two fundamental mathematical operations that are common in many data-parallel applications: convolution and accumulation. Specifically, we profile and optimize the performance of these operations on a 128-core NVIDIA GPU. We then characterize the impact of these operations on a video-based motion-tracking algorithm called vector coherence mapping, which consists of a series of convolutions and dynamically weighted accumulations, and present a comparison of different implementations and their respective performance profiles.

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Keywords

Parallel computation, Algorithms, Data structures

Citation