Paramecium swimming in capillary tube


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American Institute of Physics


Swimming organisms in their natural habitat need to navigate through a wide range of geometries and chemical environments. Interaction with boundaries in such situations is ubiquitous and can significantly modify the swimming characteristics of the organism when compared to ideal laboratory conditions. We study the different patterns of ciliary locomotion in glass capillaries of varying diameter and characterize the effect of the solid boundaries on the velocities of the organism. Experimental observations show that Paramecium executes helical trajectories that slowly transition to straight lines as the diameter of the capillary tubes decreases. We predict the swimming velocity in capillaries by modeling the system as a confined cylinder propagating longitudinal metachronal waves that create a finite pressure gradient. Comparing with experiments, we find that such pressure gradient considerations are necessary for modeling finite sized ciliary organisms in restrictive geometries. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics.



Biological fluid dynamics, Biomechanics, Borosilicate glasses, Boundary layer, Capillarity, Cellular biophysics, Microorganisms, Pipe flow, Ciliated microorganisms, Escherichia coli, Solid boundaries, Propulsion, Motility, Bacteria, Behavior, Protozoa, Motion


Jana, Saikat and Um, Soong Ho and Jung, Sunghwan, “Paramecium swimming in capillary tube,” Phys. Fluids (1994-present), 24, 041901 (2012), DOI: