Adaptive watershed management in the South American highlands: Learning and teaching on the fly

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Ankeny, IA: Soil and Water Conservation Society


This chapter describes the Chimbo watershed in the Bolivar Province in Ecuador and efforts that are being made to increase agricultural productivity and soil quality in this area. It begins by explaining the landscape along the Guayas River in this Andean region and its relation to the loss of biodiversity and decreasing crop productivity. Because the top of the Chimbo watershed is in the steeply-sloped Andes, agriculture-related pollution and water quality are becoming a huge concern. Low productivity and environmental degradation are causing high rates of poverty in Ecuador and putting a lot of pressure on smallholders to sustain their families and livelihoods.


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Participatory processes, Stakeholders, Groundwater, Biodiversity, Soil erosion, Subtropics, Soil quality, Institutional capacity building, Sustainable agriculture, Community participation, Water quality, Watershed management, Local governance, Adoption of innovations, Cross-system management, Chimbo Watershed, Bolivar Province, Ecuador, Guayas river, Andes, Adaptive management, Farm/Enterprise Scale Watershed