The effects of ultrasonic cavitation on the dissolution of lithium disilicate glass

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Date
2022-11
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Nature Portfolio
Abstract

There has been little research conducted on how ultrasonic cavitation may affect glass dissolution. The focus of this study was to examine how the mechanisms and kinetics of glass dissolution may change in a system that included ultrasonication. Experiments were conducted on lithium disilicate glass in deionized water at 50 degrees C between 1 and 7.5 h. Results showed that the erosion from ultrasonication affected the kinetics of glass dissolution. Samples with erosion had 2-3 x more dissolution compared to samples without erosion. The change in dissolution was thought to be partly caused by an increase in the surface area of the sample to volume of solution (SA/V) ratio due to the roughening of the surface and release of particulates and a reduction in the size of the depleted layer due to erosion. Stereoscopic 3D reconstruction of eroded samples was used to calculate the increase in surface area due to erosion. Type 2 surface areas (exfoliation mixed with normal leaching) were roughly 3-6% greater while Type 3 surface areas (heavy roughening of surface) were roughly 29-35% greater than the surfaces areas from Type 1 surfaces (normal leaching).

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Keywords
stainless-steel, enhanced corrosion, waste-glass, mechanisms, erosion, water, iron
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