An Acoustic Sensor for Airflow in Pediatric Artificial Airways

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Pulmonary hyalinizing granuloma (PHG) is a rare benign pulmonary nodular lesion of unknown etiology. We present a case of a 5-year-old boy who was found to have a chest mass while being evaluated for abdominal pain. He underwent a CXR and CT scan that showed popcorn calcifications in the right posterior mediastinum and within the hilum of right lung. These lesions were suspicious for benign calcified lymph nodes and follow-up chest CT after 3.5 months showed no interval changes in the calcified mediastinal masses. Extensive testing ruled out infectious diseases and malignancies. Given the unknown etiology of the lesions, he underwent VATS biopsy that demonstrated a nodular lesion characterized by a peripheral rim of fibrous tissue and central zone of necrosis and calcification, findings consistent with hyalinizing granuloma. PHG is extremely rare in pediatric age group. Although diagnosis of this condition is made by radiological and histopathological findings, it is important to rule out other causes of chest masses. Most of the patients usually have good prognosis with this rare disorder.

Hyalinizing granuloma, VATS, Histopathology, Popcorn calcification, Chest mass, Immunological disorder, PPD, Fungal hyphae, Histoplasmosis, Tuberculosis